Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Quint.].
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ch. 45.4.1A like situation arises in the case of evidence extracted by torture: one party will style torture an infallible method of discovering the truth, while the other will allege that it also often results in false confessions, since with some their capacity of endurance makes lying an easy thing, while with others weakness makes it a necessity. It is hardly worth my while to say more on the subject, as the speeches both of ancient and modern orators are full of this topic.5.4.2 Individual cases may however involve special considerations in this connexion. For if the point at issue is whether torture should be applied, it will make all the difference who it is who demands or offers it, who it is that is to be subjected to torture, against whom the evidence thus sought will tell, and what is the motive for the demand. If on the other hand torture has already been applied, it will make all the difference who was in charge of the proceedings, who was the victim and what the nature of the torture, whether the confession was credible or consistent, whether the witness stuck to his first statement or changed it under the influence of pain, and whether he made it at the beginning of the torture or only after it had continued some time. The

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variety of such questions is as infinite as the variety of actual cases.



Quintilian, Institutio Oratoria (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Quint.].
<<Quint. 5.3 Quint. 5.4 (Latin) >>Quint. 5.5

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