Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
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9.2.28

After Copæ, the poet mentions Eutresis, a small village of the Thespians. [Note] Here Zethus and Amphion lived before they became kings of Thebes.

Thisbē is now called Thisbē. The place is situated a little above the sea-coast on the confines of the Thespienses, and the territory of Coroneia; on the south it lies at the foot of Cithæron. It has an arsenal in a rocky situation abounding with doves, whence the poet terms it Thisbe, with its flights of doves.
Thence to Sicyon is a voyage of 160 stadia. 9.2.29

He next recites the names of Coroneia, Haliartus, Pla- tææ, and Glissas.

Coroneia [Note] is situated upon an eminence, near Helicon. The Bœotians took possession of it on their return from the Thessalian Arne, after the Trojan war, when they also occupied Orchomenus. Having become masters of Coroneia, they built in the plain before the city the temple of the Itonian Minerva, of the same name as that in Thessaly, and called the river

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flowing by it, Cuarius, the name of the Thessalian river. Alcæus, however, calls it Coralius in these words, Minerva, warrior queen, who o'er Coroneia keepest watch before thy temple, on the banks of Coralius. The festival Pambœotia was here celebrated. Hades is associated with Minerva, in the dedication of the temple, for some mystical reason. The inhabitants of the Bœotian Coroneia are called Coronii, those of the Messenian Coroneia, Coronenses. 9.2.30

Haliartus [Note] is no longer in existence, it was razed in the war against Perseus. The territory is occupied by the Athenians, to whom it was given by the Romans. It was situated in a narrow spot between an overhanging mountain and the lake Copais, near the Permessus, the Olmeius, and the marsh that produces the flute-reed. 9.2.31

Platææ, which the poet uses in the singular number, lies at the foot of Cithæron, between this mountain and Thebes, on the road to Athens and Megara; it is on the borders of Attica and Bœotia, for Eleutheræ is near, which some say belongs to Attica, others to Bœotia. We have said that the Asopus flows beside Plateæ. There the army of the Greeks entirely destroyed Mardonius and three hundred thousand Persians. They dedicated there a temple to Jupiter Eleutherius, and instituted gymnastic games, called Eleutheria, in which the victor was crowned. The tombs erected at the public expense, in honour of those who died in the battle, are to be seen there. In the Sicyonian district is a demus called Platææ, where the poet Mnasalces was born: the monument of Mnasalces of Platææ.
Glissas, [Note] Homer says, is a village on Mount Hypatus, which is near Teumessus and Cadmeia, in the Theban territory. * * * * * * * beneath is what is called the Aonian plain, which extends from Mount Hypatus [to Cadmeia?]. [Note]


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32. By these words of the poet, those who occupied under Thebes, [Note]
Il. ii. 505.
some understand a small town, called Under-Thebes, others Potniæ, for Thebes was abandoned after the expedition of the Epigoni, and took no part in the Trojan war. Others say that they did take part in it, but that they lived at that time under Cadmeia, in the plain country, after the incursion of the Epigoni, being unable to rebuild the Cadmeia. As Thebes was called Cadmeia, the poet says that the Thebans of that time lived under Thebes instead of under Cadmeia. 9.2.33

The Amphictyonic council usually assembled at Onchestus, in the territory of Haliartus, near the lake Copais, and the Teneric plain. It is situated on a height, devoid of trees, where is a temple of Neptune also without trees. For the poets, for the sake of ornament, called all sacred places groves, although they were without trees. Such is the language of Pindar, when speaking of Apollo: He traversed in his onward way the earth and sea; he stood upon the heights of the lofty mountains; he shook the caves in their deep recesses, and overthrew the foundations of the sacred groves or temples. As Alcæus is mistaken in the altering the name of the river Cuarius, so he makes a great error in placing Onchestus at the extremities of Helicon, whereas it is situated very far from this mountain. 9.2.34

The Teneric plain has its name from Tenerus. According to mythology, he was the son of Apollo and Melia, and declared the answers of the oracle at the mountain Ptoum, [Note] which, the same poet says, had three peaks: At one time he occupied the caves of the three-headed Ptoum;
and he calls Tenerus the prophet, dwelling in the temple, and having the same name as the soil on which it stands. "The Ptoum is situated above the Teneric plain, and the lake Copaïs, near Acræphium.

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Both the oracle and the mountain belonged to the Thebans.

Acrsephium [Note] itself is situated upon a height. This, it is said, is the place called Arne by the poet, having the same name as the Thessalian Arnē.



Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
<<Str. 9.2.26 Str. 9.2.31 (Greek English(2)) >>Str. 9.2.37

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