Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
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5.3.9

Of the other cities of Latium, some are distinguished by a variety of remarkable objects, others by the celebrated roads which intersect Latium, being situated either upon, or near to, or between these roads, the most celebrated of which are the Via Appia, the Via Latina, and the Via Valeria. The former of these bounds the maritime portion of Latium, as far as Sinuessa, the latter extends along Sabina as far as the Marsi, whilst between these is the Via Latina, which falls in with the Via Appia near to Casilinum, [Note] a city distant from Capua [Note] 19 stadia. The Via Latina commences from the Via Appia, branching from it towards the left, near to Rome. It passes over the Tusculan mountain, between the city of Tusculum [Note] and Mount Albanus; it then descends to the little city of Algidum, [Note] and the Pictæ tavern; afterwards the Via

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Lavicana joins it, which commences, like the Via Prænestina, from the Esquiline gate. This road, as well as the Esquiline plain, the Via Lavicana leaves on the left; it then proceeds a distance of 120 stadia, or more, when it approaches Lavicum, an ancient city now in ruins, situated on an eminence; this and Tusculum it leaves on the right, and terminates near to Pictæ in the Via Latina. This place is 210 stadia distant from Rome. Proceeding thence along the Via Latina there are noble residences, and the cities Ferentinum, [Note] Frusino, [Note] by which the river Cosa flows, Fabrateria, [Note] by which flows the river Sacco, [Note] Aquinum, [Note] a large city, by which flows the great river Melfa, [Note] Interamnium, situated at the confluence of two rivers, the Garigliano and another, Casinum, also an important city, and the last of those belonging to Latium. For Teanum, called Sidicinum, [Note] which lies next in order, shows by its name that it belongs to the nation of the Sidicini. These people are Osci, a surviving nation of the Campani, so that this city, which is the largest of those situated upon the Via Latina, may be said to be Campanian; as well as that of Cales, [Note] another considerable city which lies beyond, and is contiguous to Casilinum. [Note] 5.3.10

As to the places situated on either side of the Via Latina, those on the right are between it and the Via Appia; of their number are Setia [Note] and Signia, [Note] which produce wine, that of Setia being one of the dearest wines, and that called Signium the best for strengthening the stomach. Before this [Note] are Privernum, [Note] Cora, [Note] Suessa, [Note] 'Trapontium, [Note] Velitræ, [Note] Aletrium, [Note] and also Fregellæ, [Note] by which the Garigliano flows, which discharges itself [into the sea] near Minturnæ. Fregellæ, though now a village, was formerly a considerable city, and the chief of the surrounding places we have just named. Even now their inhabitants throng to it on market days, and

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for the performance of certain religious solemnities. Its de- fection from the Romans was the cause of its ruin. [Note] Both these, and also the cities lying on the Via Latina and beyond, situated in the territories of the Hernici, æqui, and Volsci, were for the most part founded by the Romans. To the left of the Via Latina, the cities between it and the Via Valeria, are, Gabii, [Note] standing in the Via Preenestina, it possesses a stone-quarry, in greater demand at Rome than any other, and is at an equal distance of about 100 stadia between Rome and Præneste. [Note] Then Præneste, of which we shall have occasion presently to speak. Then, in the mountains above Præneste, Capitulum, a small city of the Hernici, and Anagnia, [Note] a considerable city; Cereate, [Note] and Sora, by which the river Garigliano [Note] flows as it passes on to Fregellæ, and Minturnœ. After these there are other places, and finally, Venafrum, [Note] from whence comes the finest oil. This city is situated on a high hill by the foot of which flows the Volturno, [Note] which passing by Casilinum, [Note] discharges itself [into the sea] at a city [Note] bearing the same name as itself. æsernia [Note] and Alliphæ, [Note] cities of the Samnites, the former was destroyed in the Marsian war, [Note] the other still remains. 5.3.11

The Via Valeria, commencing from Tibura, [Note] leads to the country of the Marsi, and to Corfinium, [Note] the metropolis of the Peligni. Upon it are situated the Latin cities of Valeria, [Note] Carseoli, [Note] Alba, [Note] and near to it the city of Cuculum. [Note] Within sight of Rome are Tibura, Præneste, and Tusculum. [Note] At Tibura is a temple of Hercules, and a cataract formed by the fall of the Teverone [Note] (which is here navigable,) from a great height into a deep and wooded ravine close to the city. From thence the river flows through a highly fertile plain along by

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the Tiburtine stone-quarries, those of the Gabii, and those denominated the red-stone quarries. As both the carriage from the quarries and the conveyance by river are easy, most of the Roman edifices are built of materials from hence. In this plain flow the cold waters called Albula, they spring from numerous fountains, and are taken both as a beverage and as baths, [Note] for the cure of various diseases. Of the same kind are the Labanæ, [Note] not far from these, on the Via Nomentana, and near to Eretum. [Note] At Præneste is the celebrated temple and oracle of Fortune. Both this and the preceding city are situated on the same chain of mountains, and are distant from each other 100 stadia. Præneste is 200 stadia from Rome, Tibura less than that distance. They are said to be both of Grecian foundation, Præneste being formerly named Polystephanus. They are both fortified, but Præneste is the stronger place of the two, having for its citadel a lofty mountain, which overhangs the town, and is divided at the back from the adjoining mountain range by a neck of land. This mountain is two stadia higher than the neck in direct altitude. In addition to these [natural] defences, the city is furnished on all sides with subterraneous passages, which extend to the plains, and some of which serve to convey water, while others form secret ways; it was in one of these that Marius [Note] perished, when he was besieged. Other cities are in most instances benefited by a strong position, but to the people of Præneste it has proved a bane, owing to the civil wars of the Romans.

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For hither the revolutionary movers take refuge, and when at last they surrender, in addition to the injury sustained by the city during the war, the country is confiscated, and the guilt thus imputed to the guiltless. The river Verestis [Note] flows through this region. The said cities are to the east of Rome.



Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
<<Str. 5.3.8 Str. 5.3.10 (Greek English(2)) >>Str. 5.3.13

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