Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
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10.5.6

Ceos [Note]


once contained four cities. Two remain, Iulis and Carthæ, to which the inhabitants of the others were transferred; those of Poæëssa to Carthæ, and those of Coressia to Iulis. Simonides the lyric poet, and Bacchylides his nephew, and after their times Erasistratus the physician, and Ariston the Peripatetic philosopher, the imitator of Bion, [Note] the Borysthenite, were natives of this city.

There was an ancient law among these people, mentioned by Menander. Phanias, that is a good law of the Ceans; who cannot live comfortably (or well), let him not live miserably (or ill). [Note] For the law, it seems, ordained that those above sixty years old should be compelled to drink hemlock, in order that there might be sufficient food for the rest. It is said that once when they were besieged by the Athenians, a decree was passed to the effect that the oldest persons, fixing the age, should be put to death, and that the besiegers retired in consequence.

The city lies on a mountain, at a distance from the sea of about 25 stadia. Its arsenal is the place on which Coressia was built, which does not contain the population even of a village. Near the Coressian territory and Pϑessa is a temple of Apollo Sminthius. But between the temple and the ruins of Pϑessa is the temple of Minerva Nedusia, built by Nestor, on his return from Troy. The river Elixus runs around the territory of Coressia. 10.5.7

After Ceos are Naxos [Note] and Andros, [Note] considerable islands, and Paros, the birth-place of the poet Archilochus. Thasos [Note] was founded by Parians, and Parium, [Note] a city in the Propontis. In this last place there is said to be an altar worthy of notice, each of whose sides is a stadium in length.

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In Paros is obtained the Parian marble, the best adapted for statuary work. [Note] 10.5.8

Here also is Syros, (the first syllable is long,) where Pherecydes the son of Babys was born. The Athenian Pherecydes is younger than the latter person. The poet seems to have mentioned this island under the name of Syria; above Ortygia is an island called Syria. [Note]
Od. xv. 402.
10.5.9

Myconus [Note] is an island beneath which, according to the mythologists, lie the last of the giants, destroyed by Hercules; whence the proverb, all under one Myconus, applied to persons who collect under one title things that are disjoined by nature. Some also call bald persons Miconians, because baldness is frequent among the inhabitants of the island. [Note] 10.5.10

Seriphos [Note] is the island where is laid the scene of the fable of Dictys, who drew to land in his net the chest in which were enclosed Perseus and his mother Danaë, who were thrown into the sea by order of Acrisius, the father of Danaë. There it is said Perseus was brought up, and to this island he brought the head of the Gorgon; he exhibited it to the Seriphians, and turned them all into stone. This he did to avenge the wrongs of his mother, because their king Polydectes, with the assistance of his subjects, desired to make her his wife by force. Seriphus abounds so much with rocks, that they say in jest that it was the work of the Gorgon. 10.5.11

Tenos [Note] has a small city, but there is, in a grove beyond it, a large temple of Neptune worthy of notice. It contains large banqueting rooms, a proof of the great multitudes that repair thither from the neighbouring places to celebrate a feast, and to perform a common sacrifice in honour of Neptune. 10.5.12

To the Sporades belongs Amorgos, [Note] the birth-place of

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Simonides, the Iambic poet; Lebinthus [Note] also, and Leria (Leros). [Note] Phocylides refers to Leria in these lines; the Lerians are bad, not some, but all, except Procles; but Procies is a Lerian; for the Lerians are reputed to have bad dispositions. 10.5.13

Near these islands are Patmos, [Note] and the Corassia, [Note] islands, situated to the west of Icaria, [Note] as the latter is with respect to Samos.

Icaria has no inhabitants, but it has pastures, of which the Samians avail themselves. Notwithstanding its condition it is famous, and gives the name of Icarian to the sea in front of it, in which are situated Samos, Cos, and the islands just mentioned, [Note] the Corassiæ, Patmos, and Leros [Note] [in Samos is the mountain the Cerceteus, more celebrated than the Ampelus, which overhangs the city of the Samians]. [Note] Continuous to the Icarian sea, towards the south, is the Carpathian sea, and the ægyptian sea to this; to the west are the Cretan and African seas.



Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
<<Str. 10.5.4 Str. 10.5.9 (Greek English(2)) >>Str. 10.5.17

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