Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
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10.2.25

Ephorus does not say that they took part in the expedition against Troy; but he says that Alcmæon, the son of Amphiaraus, who was the companion of Diomede, and the other Epigoni in their expedition, having brought the war against the Thebans to a successful issue, went with Diomede to assist in punishing the enemies of Œneus, and having delivered up ætolia to Diomede, he himself passed over into Acarnania, which country also he subdued. In the mean time Agamemnon attacked the Argives, and easily overcame them, the greatest part having attached themselves to the followers of Diomede. But a short time afterwards, when the expedition took place against Troy, he was afraid, lest, in his absence with the army, Diomede and his troops should return home, (for there was a rumour that he had collected a large force,) and should regain possession of a territory to which they had the best right, one being the heir of Adrastus, the other of his father. Reflecting then on these circumstances, he invited them to unite in the recovery of Argos, and to take part in the war. Diomede consented to take part in the expedition, but Alcmæon was indignant and refused; whence the Acarnanians were the only people who did not participate in the expedition with the Greeks. The Acarnanians, probably by following this account, are said to have imposed upon the Romans, and to have obtained from them the privilege of an independent state, because they alone had not taken part in the expedition against the ancestors of the Romans, for their names are neither in the ætolian Catalogue, nor are they mentioned by themselves, nor is their name mentioned anywhere in the poem. 10.2.26

Ephorus then having represented Acarnania as subject to Alcmeon before the Trojan war, ascribes to him the foundation of Amphilochian Argos, and says that Acarnania had its name from his son Acarnan, and the Amphilochians from his brother Amphilochus; thus he turns aside to reports contrary to the history in Homer. But Thucydides and other

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writers say, that Amphilochus, on his return from the Trojan expedition, being displeased with the state of affairs at Argos, dwelt in this country; according to some writers, he obtained it by succeeding to the dominions of his brother; others represent it differently. So much then respecting the Acarnanians considered by themselves. We shall now speak of their affairs where they are intermixed in common with those of the ætolians, and we shall then relate as much of the history of the ætolians as we proposed to add to our former account of this people.

CHAPTER III. 10.3.1

SOME writers reckon the Curetes among the Acarnanians, others among the ætolians; some allege that they came from Crete, others that they came from Eubœa. Since, however, they are mentioned by Homer, we must first examine his account of them. It is thought that he does not mean the Acarnanians, but the ætolians, in the following verses, for the sons of Porthaon were, Agrius, Melas, and the hero Œneus,
These dwelt at Pleuron, and the lofty Calydon, [Note]
Il. xiv. 116.
both of which are ætolian cities, and are mentioned in the ætolian Catalogue; wherefore since those who inhabited Pleuron appear to be, according to Homer, Curetes, they might be ætolians. The opponents of this conclusion are misled by the mode of expression in these verses, Curetes and ætolians, firm in battle, were fighting for the city Calydon, [Note]
Il. ix. 525.
for neither would he have used appropriate terms if he had said, Bœotians and Thebans were contending against each other,
nor Argives and Peloponnesians.
But we have shown in a former part of this work, that this mode of expression is usual with Homer, and even trite among other poets. This objection then is easily answered. But let the objectors explain, how, if these people were not æto-

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lians, the poet came to reckon the Pleuronii among the æto lians. 10.3.2

Ephorus, after having asserted that the nation of the ætolians were never in subjection to any other people, but, from all times of which any memorial remains, their country continued exempt from the ravages of war, both on account of its local obstacles and their own experience in warfare, says, that from the beginning Curetes were in possession of the whole country, but on the arrival of ætōlus, the son of Endy- nion, from Elis, who defeated them in various battles, the Curetes retreated to the present Acarnania, and the ætolians returned with a body of Epeii, and founded ten of the most ancient cities in ætolia; and in the tenth generation afterwards Elis was founded, in conjunction with that people, by Oxylus, the son of Hæmon, who had passed over from ætolia. They produce, as proofs of these facts, inscriptions, one sculptured on the base of the statue of ætolus at Therma in ætolia, where, according to the custom of the country, they assemble to elect their magistrates; this statue of ætolus, son of Endymion, brought up near the streams of the Alpheius, and in the neighbourhood of the stadia of Olympia, ætolians dedicated as a public monument of his merits. And the other inscription on the statue of Oxylus is in the market-place of Elis; ætolus, having formerly abandoned the original inhabitants of this country, won by the toils of war the land of the Curetes. But Oxylus, the son of Hæmon, the tenth scion of that race, founded this ancient city.



Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
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