Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
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BOOK X. GREECE.

SUMMARY.

The Tenth Book contains ætolia and the neighbouring islands; also the whole of Crete, on which the author dwells some time in narrating the institutions of the islanders and of the Curetes. He describes at length the origin of the Idæan Dactyli in Crete, their customs and religious rites. Strabo mentions the connexion of his own family with Crete. The Book contains an account of the numerous islands about Crete, including the Sporades and some of the Cyclades.

CHAPTER I. 10.1.1

SINCE Eubœa [Note] stretches along the whole of this coast from Sunium to Thessaly, except the extremity on each side, [Note] it may be convenient to connect the description of this island with that of Thessaly. We shall then pass on to ætolia and Acarnania, parts of Europe of which it remains to give an account. 10.1.2

The island is oblong, and extends nearly 1200 stadia from Cenæum [Note] to Geræstus. [Note] Its greatest breadth is about 150 stadia, but it is irregular. [Note]

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Cenæum is opposite to Thermopylæ, and in a small decree to the parts beyond Thermopylæ: Geræstus [Note] and Petalia [Note] are opposite to Sunium.

Eubœa then fronts [Note] Attica, Bœotia, Locris, and the Malienses. From its narrowness, and its length, which we have mentioned, it was called by the ancients Macris. [Note]

It approaches nearest to the continent at Chalcis. It projects with a convex bend towards the places in Bœotia near Aulis, and forms the Euripus, [Note] of which we have before spoken at length. We have also mentioned nearly all the places on either side of the Euripus, opposite to each other across the strait, both on the continent and on the island. If anything is omitted we shall now give a further explanation.

And first, the parts lying between Aulis (Chalcis?) and the places about Geræstus are called the Hollows of Eubœa, for the sea-coast swells into bays, and, as it approaches Chalcis, juts out again towards the continent. 10.1.3

The island had the name not of Macris only, but of Abantis also. The poet in speaking of Eubœa never calls the inhabitants from the name of the island, Eubœans, but always Abantes; they who possessed Eubœa, the resolute Abantes; [Note]
in his train Abantes were following.
Aristotle says that Thracians, taking their departure from Aba, the Phocian city, settled with the other inhabitants in the island, and gave the name of Abantes to those who already occupied it; other writers say that they had their name from a hero, [Note] as that of Eubœa was derived from a heroine. [Note] But perhaps as a certain cave on the sea-coast fronting the

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ægean Sea is called Boos-Aule, (or the Cow's Stall.) where lo is said to have brought forth Epaphus, so the island may have had the name Eubœa [Note] on this account.

It was also called Oché, which is the name of one of the largest mountains [Note] there.

It had the name of Ellopia, from Ellops, the son of Ion; according to others, he was the brother of æclus, and Cothus, who is said to have founded Ellopia, [Note] a small place situated in the district called Oria of the Histiæotis, near the mountain Telethrius. [Note] He also possessed Histiæa, Perias, Cerinthus, ædepsus, [Note] and Orobie, where was an oracle very free from deception. There also was an oracle of Apollo Selinuntius.

The Ellopians, after the battle of Leuctra, were compelled by the tyrant Philistides to remove to the city Histiea, and augmented the number of its inhabitants. Demosthenes [Note] says that Philistides was appointed by Philip tyrant of the Oreitæ also, for afterwards the Histiæans had that name, and the city, instead of Histiæa, was called Oreus. According to some writers, Histiæa was colonized by Athenians from the demus of the Histiæeis, as Eretria was from the demus of the Eretrieis. But Theopompus says, that when Pericles had reduced Eubœa, the Histiæans agreed to remove into Macedonia, and that two thousand Athenians, who formerly composed the demus of the Histiæans, came, and founded Oreus. [Note] 10.1.4

It is situated below Mount Telethrius, at a place called Drymus, near the river Callas, on a lofty rock; [Note] whence perhaps because the Ellopians, the former inhabitants, were a mountain tribe, [Note] the city had the name of Oreus. Orion, who was brought up there, seems to have had his name from the place. But according to some writers, the Oreitæ, who had a

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city of their own, being attacked by the Ellopians, migrated, and settled with the Histiæans, and although it was a single city it had both appellations, as Lacedæmon and Sparta were the same city. We have said, that the Histiæotis in Thessaly had its name from the people who were carried away from this country by the Perrhæbi.



Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
<<Str. 9.5.23 Str. 10.1.2 (Greek English(2)) >>Str. 10.1.8

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