Hippocrates, Aphorisms (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose; science; medicine] [word count] [Hipp. Aph.].
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3.18 Part 18

With regard to the seasons, in spring and in the commencement of summer, children and those next to them in age are most

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comfortable, and enjoy best health; in summer and during a certain portion of autumn, old people; during the remainder of the autumn and in winter, those of the intermediate ages.

3.19 Part 19

All diseases occur at all seasons of the year, but certain of them are more apt to occur and be exacerbated at certain seasons.

3.20 Part 20

The diseases of spring are, maniacal, melancholic, and epileptic disorders, bloody flux, quinsy, coryza, hoarseness, cough, leprosy, lichen alphos, exanthemata mostly ending in ulcerations, tubercles, and arthritic diseases.

3.21 Part 21

Of summer, certain of these, and continued, ardent, and tertian fevers, most especially vomiting, diarrhoea, ophthalmy, pains of the ears, ulcerations of the mouth, mortifications of the privy parts, and the sudamina.

3.22 Part 22

Of autumn, most of the summer, quartan, and irregular fevers, enlarged spleen, dropsy, phthisis, strangury, lientery, dysentery, sciatica, quinsy, asthma, ileus, epilepsy, maniacal and melancholic disorders.

3.23 Part 23

Of winter, pleurisy, pneumonia, coryza, hoarseness, cough, pains of the chest, pains of the ribs and loins, headache, vertigo, and apoplexy.

3.24 Part 24

In the different ages the following complaints occur: to little and new-born children, aphthae, vomiting, coughs, sleeplessness, frights inflammation of the navel, watery discharges from the ears.

3.25 Part 25

At the approach of dentition, pruritus of the gums, fevers, convulsions, diarrhoea, especially when cutting the canine teeth, and in those who are particularly fat, and have constipated bowels.

3.26 Part 26

To persons somewhat older, affections of the tonsils, incurvation of the spine at the vertebra next the occiput, asthma, calculus, round worms, ascarides, acrochordon, satyriasmus, struma, and other tubercles (phymata), but especially the aforesaid.

3.27 Part 27

To persons of a more advanced age, and now on the verge of manhood, the most of these diseases, and, moreover, more chronic fevers, and epistaxis.

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3.28 Part 28

Young people for the most part have a crisis in their complaints, some in forty days, some in seven months, some in seven years, some at the approach to puberty; and such complaints of children as remain, and do not pass away about puberty, or in females about the commencement of menstruation, usually become chronic.

3.29 Part 29

To persons past boyhood, haemoptysis, phthisis, acute fevers, epilepsy, and other diseases, but especially the aforementioned.

3.30 Part 30

To persons beyond that age, asthma, pleurisy, pneumonia, lethargy, phrenitis, ardent fevers, chronic diarrhoea, cholera, dysentery, lientery, hemorrhoids.

3.31 Part 31

To old people dyspnoea, catarrhs accompanied with coughs, dysuria, pains of the joints, nephritis, vertigo, apoplexy, cachexia, pruritus of the whole body, insomnolency, defluxions of the bowels, of the eyes, and of the nose, dimness of sight, cataract (glaucoma), and dullness of hearing.

SECTION IV 4.1 Part 1

We must purge pregnant women, if matters be turgid (in a state of orgasm?), from the fourth to the seventh month, but less freely in the latter; in the first and last stages of pregnancy it should be avoided.

4.2 Part 2

In purging we should bring away such matters from the body as it would be advantageous had they come away spontaneously; but those of an opposite character should be stopped.

4.3 Part 3

If the matters which are purged be such as should be purged, it is beneficial and well borne; but if the contrary, with difficulty.

4.4 Part 4

We should rather purge upward in summer, and downward in winter.

4.5 Part 5

About the time of the dog-days, and before it, the administration of purgatives is unsuitable.

4.6 Part 6

Lean persons who are easily made to vomit should be purged upward, avoiding the winter season.

4.7 Part 7

Persons who are difficult to vomit, and are moderately fat, should be purged downward, avoiding the summer season.

4.8 Part 8

We must be guarded in purging phthisical persons upward.

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4.9 Part 9

And from the same mode of reasoning, applying the opposite rule to melancholic persons, we must purge them freely downward.

4.10 Part 10

In very acute diseases, if matters be in a state of orgasm, we may purge on the first day, for it is a bad thing to procrastinate in such cases.

4.11 Part 11

Those cases in which there are tormina, pains about the umbilicus, and pains about the loins, not removed either by purgative medicines or otherwise, usually terminate in dry dropsy.

Hippocrates, Aphorisms (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose; science; medicine] [word count] [Hipp. Aph.].
<<Hipp. Aph. 3.2 Hipp. Aph. 3.26 (Greek) >>Hipp. Aph. 4.22

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