Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
<<Str. 13.1.26 Str. 13.1.32 (Greek English(2)) >>Str. 13.1.35

13.1.28

Next to Abydos is the promontory Dardanis, [Note] which we mentioned a little before, and the city Dardanus, distant 70 stadia from Abydos. Between them the river Rhodius discharges itself, opposite to which on the Cherronesus is the Cynos-sema, [Note] which is said to be the sepulchre of Hecuba. According to others, the Rhodius empties itself into the æsepus. It is one of the rivers mentioned by the poet, Rhesus, and Heptaporus, Caresus, and Rhodius. [Note]

Dardanus is an ancient settlement, but so slightly thought of, that some kings transferred its inhabitants to Abydos, others re-settled them in the ancient dwelling-place. Here Cornelius Sylla, the Roman general, and Mithridates, surnamed Eurptor, conferred together, and terminated the war by a treaty. 13.1.29

Near Dardanus is Ophrynium, on which is the grove dedicated to Hector in a conspicuous situation, and next is Pteleos, a lake. 13.1.30

Then follows Rhœteium, a city on a hill, and continuous to it is a shore on a level with the sea, on which is situated a monument and temple of Ajax, and a statue. Antony took away the latter and carried it to ægypt, but Augustus Cæsar restored it to tie inhabitants of Rhœteium, as he restored other

-- 358 --

statues to other cities. Antony took away the most beautiful offerings from the most celebrated temples to gratify the ægyptian queen, but Augustus Cæsar restored them to the gods. 13.1.31

After Rhœteium is Sigeium, [Note] a city in ruins, and the naval station, the harbour of the Achæans, the Achæan camp, the Stomalimne, as it is called, and the mouths of the Scamander. The Scamander and the Simoeis, uniting in the plain, [Note] bring down a great quantity of mud, bank up the sea-coast, and form a blind mouth, salt-water lakes, and marshes.

Opposite the Sigeian promontory on the Cherronesus is the Protesilæium, [Note] and Eleussa, of which I have spoken in the description of Thrace. 13.1.32

The extent of this sea-coast as we sail in a direct line from Rhœteium to Sigeium, and the monument of Achilles, is 60 stadia. The whole of the coast lies below the present Ilium; the part near the port of the Achæans, [Note]

distant from the present Ilium about 12 stadia, and thirty stadia more from

-- 359 --

the ancient Ilium, [Note] which is higher up in the part towards Ida.

Near the Sigeium is a temple and monument of Achilles, and monuments also of Patroclus and Anthlochus. [Note] The Ilienses perform sacred ceremonies in honour of them all, and even of Ajax. But they do not worship Hercules, alleging as a reason that he ravaged their country. Yet some one might say that he laid it waste in such a manner that lie left it to future spoilers in an injured condition indeed, but still in the condition of a city; wherefore the poet expresses himself in this manner, He ravaged the city of Ilium, and made its streets desolate,
Il. v. 612.

-- 360 --

Let us, however, dismiss this subject, for the discussion leads to the refutation of fables only, and probably there may be reasons unknown to us which induced the Ilienses to worship some of these persons, and not others. The poet seems, in speaking of Hercules, to represent the city as small, since he ravaged the city with six ships only, and a small band of men. [Note]
Il. v. 641.
From these words it appears that Priam from a small became a great person, and a king of kings, as we have already said.

A short way from this coast is the Achæïum, situated on the continent opposite Tenedos. 13.1.33

Such, then, is the nature of the places on the sea-coast. Above them lies the plain of Troy, extending as far as Ida to the east, a distance of many stadia. [Note] The part at the foot of the mountain is narrow, extending to the south as far as the places near Scepsis, and towards the north as far as the Lycians about Zeleia. This country Homer places under the command of æneas and the Antenoridæ, and calls it Dardania. Below it is Cebrenia, which for the most part consists of plains, and lies nearly parallel to Dardania. There was also formerly a city Cybrene. Demetrius (of Scepsis) supposes that the tract about Ilium, subject to Hector, extended to this place, from the Naustathmus (or station for vessels) to Cebrenia, for he says that the sepulchre of Alexander Paris exists there, and of Œnone, who, according to historians, was the wife of Alexander, before the rape of Helen; the poet says, Cebriones, the spurious son of the far-famed Priam, [Note]
Il. xvi. 738.
who, perhaps, received his name from the district, (Cebrenia,) or, more probably, from the city (Cebrene [Note]). Cebrenia extends as far as the Scepsian district. The boundary is the Scamander, which runs through the middle of Cebrenia and

-- 361 --

Scepsia. There was continual enmity and war between the Scepsians and Cebrenians, till Antigonus settled them both together in the city, then called Antigonia, but at present Alexandria. The Cebrenians remained there with the other inhabitants, but the Scepsians, by the permission of Lysimachus, returned to their own country.



Strabo, Geography (English) (XML Header) [genre: prose] [word count] [Str.].
<<Str. 13.1.26 Str. 13.1.32 (Greek English(2)) >>Str. 13.1.35

Powered by PhiloLogic