Table of Contents

Pinkster, Harm (1942-) [1990], Latin Syntax and Semantics [info], xii, 320 p.: ill.; 24 cm. [word count] [Pinkster].

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Front Matter Romance Linguistics Editorial Statement Latin Syntax and Semantics Contents Preface

1 Introduction 1.1. The structure of the sentence 1.2. Semantic, syntactic and pragmatic functions Bibliographical information

2 Nuclear Predication 2.1. How to make a distinction between arguments and satellites; the co-existence of more predicate frames with one predicate 2.1.1 Problems (a) Absence of native speakers 2.1.2 Tests for establishing the valency of a predicate 2.2. The syntactic functions of arguments 2.3. The semantic functions of arguments 2.4. A classification of nuclear predications (a) The notion control 2.5. Examples of nuclear predications Bibliographical information

3 Periphery 1: Adjuncts 3.1. Restrictions on the addibility of Adjuncts 3.2. Arguments and Adjuncts with the same semantic function 3.3. The semantic function of Adjuncts 3.4. Semantic function and lexical meaning Bibliographical information

4 Periphery 2: Disjuncts (sentence adverbials) and Theme constituents 4.1. Disjuncts 4.1.1 So-called modal adverbs 4.1.2 Attitudinal Disjuncts 4.1.3 So-called Style Disjuncts 4.1.4 Pseudo-Purpose satellites 4.1.5 Pseudo-Conditions 4.1.6 Pseudo-Cause satellites 4.1.7 Limitation of validity 4.2. Theme constituents Bibliographical information

5 Relators 5.1. Cases, prepositions and subordinators 5.2. Cases 5.2.1 Distribution of the cases; main characteristics of the system 5.2.2 The use of cases in the nuclear predication 5.2.3 The use of cases in the periphery Table 5.5 Frequency (in %) of the cases marking peripheral constituents (excluding prepositional phrases) 5.2.4 Problems with regard to the postulated case system on the sentence level 5.2.5 The use of cases on the noun and adjective phrase level 5.2.6 The relation between case system and sentence structure 5.2.7 Conclusion 5.3. Prepositions 5.3.1 Distribution of prepositions 5.3.2 The relation between cases and prepositions 5.3.3 Idiomatic use of prepositions 5.3.4 The internal structure of prepositional phrases 5.3.5 Conclusion 5.4. Subordinators 5.5. Agreement (within noun phrases) Bibliographical information

6 The (internal) structure of noun phrases 6.1. Head constituents 6.2. Categories of constituents in the function Attribute 6.2.1 NPs as Attributes 6.2.2 Prepositional phrases as Attributes 6.2.3 Adverbs as Attributes 6.2.4 Embedded predications on the noun phrase level 6.3. Obligatory and non-obligatory Attributes; complex Attributes 6.3.1 Polyvalent nouns 6.3.2 Non-omissibility of Attributes in certain types of context 6.3.3 Complex Attributes 6.4. Hierarchical structure of NPs (nesting) 6.5. Absence of a Head constituent and so-called substantive use 6.5.1 Independent (Headless) relative clauses 6.6. The semantic structure of noun phrases; formal characteristics 6.7. Definite/indefinite noun phrases 6.8. Apposition Bibliographical information

7 Complex sentences (embedded predications on the sentence level) 7.1. Introduction 7.1.1 Working definition of the notion complex sentence 7.1.2 The modality of the embedded predication (semantic differences between types of embedded predication) 7.2. Embedded predications functioning as arguments 7.2.1 One-place predicates 7.2.2 Two-place (main) predicates 7.2.3 Three-place predicates Table 7.5 7.3. Embedded predications functioning as satellites 7.3.1 Satellites in the function Adjunct 7.3.2 Embedded predications as satellites in the function Disjunct 7.3.3 Clauses with or without a correlating adverb 7.4. Discussion of some individual constructions 7.4.1 Criteria to distinguish between arguments and satellites 7.4.2 AcI and accusative + prolative infinitive 7.4.3 Predicates allowing both AcI and accusative + prolative infinitive 7.4.4 Interchangeability of infinitive construction and ut-clause 7.4.5 Nominativus cum Infinitivo (NcI) 7.4.6 Accusativus cum Participio (praesentis) 7.4.7 Dominant participle construction 7.4.8 Survey of the restrictions and criteria relevant to complex sentences 7.5. Personal and impersonal constructions 7.5.1 Constat 7.5.2 Copula + adjective + supine 7.5.3 NcI 7.5.4 Debere and posse 7.6. Historical approach to the phenomenon of complex sentences and of certain types of complex sentence 7.6.1 Hypotaxis in general 7.6.2 Specific complex sentences Bibliographical information

8 Praedicativum 8.1. The categories of lexemes which may occur as Praedicativum 8.1.1 Nouns 8.1.2 Adjectives 8.1.3 Participles 8.1.4 Gerundives 8.1.5 Pronouns 8.1.6 Preposition phrases 8.1.7 Noun phrases in ablative or genitive (so-called ablative and genitive of description) 8.2. The distribution of Praedicativa 8.3. The Praedicativum as embedded predication 8.3.1 Possible paraphrase with esse + Subject Complement, casu quo finite verb forms 8.3.2 Negation of the Praedicativum 8.3.3 The temporal reference of the Praedicativum 8.3.4 The internal structure of Praedicativa 8.4. Praedicativum and other satellites 8.4.1 Adjectives instead of adverbs 8.4.2 Participles and adverbial clauses 8.5. Structural ambiguity 8.5.1 Praedicativum and Attribute 8.5.2 Praedicativum and Apposition 8.5.3 Praedicativum and Subject Complement 8.5.4 Praedicativum and Object Complement 8.5.5 Praedicativum and Dominant participle 8.6. The Praedicativum as bearer of Focus Bibliographical information

9 Word order 9.1. Definition of the notion word order 9.2. Factors influencing the word order 9.2.1 Syntactic and pragmatic factors 9.2.2 The influence of the lexical category and the internal structure of constituents 9.2.3 The influence of sentence type and the distinction main sentence/subordinate clause 9.3. Order of constituents on the sentence level 9.3.1 Survey of the standard approach 9.3.2 Discussion of the standard approach 9.4. The order of constituents on the noun phrase level Table 9.6 Position of Attributes a 9.5. Stylistic factors 9.6. Typological and diachronic factors Bibliographical information

10 Sentence type, illocutionary force and mood 10.1. Sentence type, illocutionary force, mood: definitions 10.2. Sentence type and illocutionary force 10.2.1 Sentence types; criteria 10.2.2 Illocutionary force 10.3. The relation between the various uses of the moods 10.3.1 Distinction and relation between the uses of the moods 10.3.2 The moods in independent sentences and in subordinate clauses Bibliographical information

11 The Latin tense system 11.1. Definitions 11.1.1 States of affairs and Aktionsart 11.1.2 Tense 11.1.3 Aspect 11.1.4 A terminological digression 11.2. The individual verb forms 11.2.1 The finite verb forms Indicative 11.2.2 The non-finite verb forms (especially participles) Participles 11.3. The role of the indicative of the various tenses in narrative texts 11.3.1 Imperfect and perfect as background and foreground tenses 11.3.2 Historic present 11.3.3 Pluperfect 11.3.4 Historic infinitive 11.4. The use of the tenses by individual authors Bibliographical information

12 Beyond the sentence 12.1. Text and textual cohesion 12.2. Cohesion appearing from the presence or absence of specific constituents 12.2.1 Lexical cohesion 12.2.2 Anaphora and substitution 12.2.3 Cataphoric cohesion 12.2.4 Ellipsis 12.2.5 Connectors and other particles 12.3. Other types of cohesion 12.3.1 Tense 12.3.2 Word order 12.3.3 Continuity of perspective 12.4. Cohesion between sentences and within sentences (connectors, coordinators and subordinators)

Notes 1 Introduction

Bibliography Abbreviations:

Bibliography (2): Prepared for Spanish edition (1995) Abbreviations:

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