Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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Verbs beginning with κ

καδ- (καδε-) in Hom. κεκαδών depriving, κεκαδήσω shall deprive. Not the same as καδ- (κήδω). κεκαδόμην withdrew may be from χάζω. LSJ

καθαίρω (καθαρ-) purify: καθαρῶ, ἐκάθηρα (and ἐκάθα_ρα?), κεκάθαρμαι, ἐκαθάρθην, καθαρτέος Hippocr. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

καθέζομαι: see ἕζομαι. (Attic) LSJ

καθεύδω sleep: see εὕδω. (Attic) LSJ

κάθημαι: see cross790. (Attic) LSJ

καθίζω set, sit: imperf. ἐκάθιζον ( cross450), fut. καθιῶ ( cross539), aor. ἐκάθισα or καθῖσα. Mid. καθίζομαι sit: ἐκαθιζόμην, καθιζήσομαι ( cross521), ἐκαθισάμην. Hom. has imperf. κάθιζον or καθῖζον, aor. καθεῖσα and κάθισα, Hdt. κατεῖσα. See ἵζω, ἕζομαι. ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

καί-νυμαι excel: perf. κέκασμαι (κεκαδμένος Pind.). Poetic. ( crossIV.) LSJ

καίνω (καν-, κον-) kill: κανῶ, 2 aor. ἔκανον, 2 perf. κέκονα (κατα-κεκονότες Xen.). Poetic. ( crossIII.) LSJ

καίω (for καιϝω from καϝ-yω; καν-, καϝ-, και-) and κα_ω (uncontracted, cross396) burn, often W. ἐν, κατά: καύσω, ἕκανσα, -κέκαυκα, κέκαυμαι, ἐκαύθην, -καυθήσομαι, -καυτός. 2 aor. ἔκηα Epic, poetic (part. κήα_ς Epic, κέα_ς Att.), 2 aor. pass. ἐκάην burned (intrans.) Epic and Ion. The MSS. show καίω in tragedy, Thuc., and in Xen. usu., κα_ω in Aristoph., Isocr., Plato. cross520. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

καλέω (καλε-, κλη-) call: καλῶ ( cross539 a), ἐκάλεσα, κέκληκα, κέκλημαι am called (opt. cross711 c), ἐκλήθην, fut. pass. κληθήσομαι (καλοῦμαι S. El. cross971), fut. perf. κεκλήσομαι shall bear the name, κλητός, -τέος. Aeolic pres. κάλημι, Epic inf. καλήμεναι; fut. καλέώ Hom., καλέσω Aristotle, aor. ἐκάλεσσα Hom. Iterative καλέεσκον, καλέσκετο. Epic pres. κι-κλή-σκω. (Attic) LSJ

καλύπ-τω (καλυβ-) cover (in prose usu. in comp. W. ἀπό, ἐν, etc.): καλύψω, ἐκάλυψα, κεκάλυμμαι, ἐκαλύφθην, καλυπτός, συγ-καλυπτέος poetic. ( crossII.) (Attic) LSJ

κάμ-νω (καμ-, κμη-) labor, am weary or sick: καμοῦμαι ( cross806), 2 aor. ἔκαμον, κέκμηκα, ἀπο-κμητέος. Epic 2 aor. subj. also κεκάμω, 2 aor. mid. ἐκαμόμην, 2 perf. part. κεκμηώς. ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κάμπ-τω (καμπ-) bend: κάμψω, ἔκαμψα, κέκαμμαι, ἐκάμφθην, καμπτός. ( crossII.) (Attic) LSJ

κατηγορέω accuse: regular. For augment, see cross454. (Attic) LSJ

καφ-ε- pant, in Epic 2 perf. part. κεκαφηώς. LSJ

κεδάν-νυ_μι: see σκεδάννυ_μι. (Attic) LSJ

κεῖ-μαι lie: κείσομαι. See cross791. (Attic) LSJ

κείρω (κερ-, καρ-) whear: κερῶ, ἔκειρα, κέκαρμαι, ἀπο-καρτέος Comic. Epic aor. ἔκερσα ( cross544 b), aor. pass. ἐκέρθην Pind., 2 aor. pass. ἐκάρην (Hdt.) prob. Att. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κείω split: Epic κείων ξ cross425. LSJ

κείω and κέω wish to lie down. Epic. Cp. κεῖμαι. (Attic) LSJ

κελαδέω roar: κελαδήσω, κελάδησα. By-form Hom. κελάδω in pres. part. Epic and Lyric.

-- 702 --

LSJ

κελεύω command: κελεύσω, ἐκέλευσα, κεκέλευκα, κεκέλευσμαι ( cross489 c), ἐκελεύσθην, παρα-κελευστός, δια-κελευστέος. (Attic) LSJ

κέλλω (κελ-) land: κέλσω ( cross536), ἔκελσα. Poetic = Att. ὀκέλλω. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κέλομαι (κελ-, κελε-, κλ-) command: κελήσομαι, ἐκελησάμην, 2 aor. ἐκεκλόμην ( cross448 D., cross549 D.). Poetic = Att. κελεύω. (Attic) LSJ

κεντέω (κεντ-, κεντε-, cross485) goad: κεντήσω, ἐκέντησα, κεκέντημαι Hippocr., ἐκεντήθην late Att., συγ-κεντηθήσομαι Hdt., κεστός Hom., aor. inf. κένσαι Hom. for κεντσαι. Poetic and New Ion. LSJ

κεράν-νυ_μι and κεραν-νύω (κερα_, κρα_-) mix: ἐκέρασα, κέκρα_μαι, ἐκρα_θην and ἐκεράσθην ( cross489 g), κρα_τέος. Ion. are ἔκρησα (ἐκέρασσα poetic), κέκρημαι, ἐκρήθην. By-forms κεράω and κεραίω, and κίρνημι and κιρνάω. ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κερδαίνω (κερδ-, κερδε-, κερδαν-) gain: κερδανῶ, ἐκέρδα_να ( cross544 a), προς-κεκέρδηκα. Hdt. has fut. κερδήσομαι, aor. ἐκέρδηνα and ἐκέρδησα ( cross523 h). ( crossIII. crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κεύθω (κενθ-, κυθ-) hide: κεύσω, ἔκευσα, Epic 2 aor. ἔκυθον and redupl. 2 aor. in subj. κεκύθω, 2 perf. κέκευθα as pres. (in Trag. also am hidden, and so κεύθω in trag.). Epic by-form κενθάνω. Poetic. LSJ

κήδω (κηδ-, κηδε-, καδ-) distress: κηδήσω, ἐκήδησα, 2 perf. κέκηδα as pres., sorrow. Poetic. Mid. κήδομαι am concerned: κεκαδήσομαι Hom., ἐκηδεσάμην Aesch. (Attic) LSJ

κηρυ_ττω (κηρυ_κ-) proclaim: κηρύξω ( cross147 c), ἐκήρυξα, ἐπι-κεκήρυ_χα, κεκήρυ_γμαι, ἐκηρυ_χθην, fut. pass. κηρυ_χθήσομαι and (Eur.) κηρύξομαι ( cross809). ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κι-γ-χ-άνω (κιχ-, κιχε-), Epic κιχα_νω, come upon, reach, find: κιχήσομαι ( cross806), 2 aor. ἔκιχον, Epic ἐκιχησάμην, ἀ-κίχητος. Hom. has 2 aor. pass. ἐκίχην as intrans.: κιχήω (MSS. -είω), κιχείην, κιχῆναι and κ·ιχήμεναι, κιχείς and (mid.) κιχήμενος. These forms may come from a pres. κίχημι ( cross688), but they all have aoristic force. Poetic. ( crossIV.) LSJ

κίδ-νημι: see σκεδάννυ_μι. ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κι_-νυμαι move myself. Pres. and imperf. Epic. Att. κι_νέω. ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κίρ-νημι and κιρνώω Epic: see κεράννυ_μι. (Attic) LSJ

κί-χρη-μι (χρη-, χρα-) lend: ἔχρησα, κέχρηκα, κέχρημαι. Fut. χρήσω Hdt., probably also Att. Mid. borrow: ἐχρησάμην. (Attic) LSJ

κλάζω (κλαγγ-, κλαγ-, cross510) resound, clang: κλάγξω, ἔκλαγξα, 2 aor. ἔκλαγον, 2 perf. κέκλαγγα as pres., fut. perf. κεκλάγξομαι as fut. shall scream ( cross581, cross806). Epic 2 perf. κεκλήγοντες ( cross557 D. 2, cross700 D.). By-form κλαγγάνω. Mainly poetic. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κλαίω weep (for κλαιϝω from κλαϝ-yω: κλαυ-, κλαϝ-, κλαι-, κλαιε-), κλα_ω in prose (not contracted, cross520): κλαιήσω or κλα_ήσω (κλαύσομαι shall suffer for it), ἔκλαυσα. Poetic are κλαυσοῦμαι ( cross540), κέκλαυμαι, κέκλαυσμαι, κλαυτός, κλαυστός (?). The MSS. have κλαίω in Xen. usu., κλα_ω in Aristoph. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κλάω break, in prose W. ἀνά, ἀπό, ἐπί, κατά, πρός, σύν: -έκλασα ( cross488 a), -κέκλασμαι ( cross489 c), -εκλάσθην, ἀνα-κλασθήσομαι Aristotle. (Attic) LSJ

κλείω shut (Older Att. κλῄω): κλείσω and κλῄσω, ἔκλεισα and ἔκλῃσα, ἀποκέκλῃκα, κέκλειμαι and κέκλῃμαι (κέκλεισμαι has some support), ἐκλείσθην and ἐκλῄσθην ( cross489 e), κλειστός and κλῃστός. κληΐω is Ion. (Attic) LSJ

κλέπ-τω (κλεπ-, κλοπ-) steal: κλέψω (less often κλέψομαι), ἔκλεψα, κέκλοφα, κέκλεμμαι, 2 aor. pass. ἐκλάπην, κλεπτός, -τέος. 1 aor. pass. ἐκλέφθην Ion. and poetic. ( crossII.) (Attic) LSJ

κλῄζω celebrate in song: κλῄσω, ἔκλῃσα (Dor. ἐκλέϊξα from κλεΐζω). Poetic. cross512. ( crossIII.)

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LSJ

κλι_νω (κλι-ν-) bend, usu. comp. W. κατά: -κλινῶ, ἔκλι_να, κέκλικα late, κέκλιμαι ( cross491), 2 aor. pass. -εκλίνην, 2 fut. pass. -κλινήσομαι, 1 aor. pass. ἐκλίθην poetic, ἐκλίνθην Epic, poetic, ἀπο-κλιτέος Aristotle. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κλύω hear: imperf. ἔκλυον is an old 2 aor. from an assumed pres. κλεύω; 2 aor. imper., without thematic vowel, κλῦθι and (Epic) κέκλυθι; perf. κέκλυκα rare; part. κλύμενος as adj. famous = κλυτός. Poetic. LSJ

κναίω scratch, usu. comp. W. διά: -κναίσω Eur., -έκναισα, -κέκναικα, -κέκναισμαι ( cross489 c), -εκναίσθην, -κναισθήσομαι. (Attic) LSJ

*κνάω (κνῶ) scrape (κνα-, κνη-) (on pres. contraction κνῇς, κνῇ, etc. see cross394, cross641) often comp. W. κατά: κνήσω Hippocr., ἔκνησα, -κέκνησμαι ( cross489 c), -εκνήσθην. Cp. κναίω. (Attic) LSJ

κοιλαίνω (κοιλ-αν-) hollow: κοιλανῶ, ἐκοίλα_να ( cross544 a), κεκοίλασμαι ( cross489 h) and ἐκοιλάνθην Hippocr. ( crossIII. crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κομίζω (κομιδ-) care for: κομιῶ, ἐκόμισα, κεκόμικα, κεκόμισμαι (usu. mid.), ἐκομίσθην, κομισθήσομαι, κομιστέος. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κόπ-τω (κοπ-) cut, usu. in comp. in prose: κόψω, ἔκοψα, -κέκοφα (διά, ἐξ, σύν, etc.), κέκομμαι, 2 aor. pass. -εκόπην (ἀπό, περί), 2 fut. pass. -κοπήσομαι, fut. perf. -κεκόψομαι, κοπτός. Hom. has 2 perf. part. κεκοπώς. ( crossII.) (Attic) LSJ

κορέν-νυ_μι (κορε- for κορες-) satiate: fut. κορέω Hom., κορέσω Hdt., aor. ἐκόρεσα poetic, 2 perf. part. κεκορηώς satisfied Epic, perf. mid. κεκόρεσμαι ( cross489 c) Xen., κεκόρημαι Ion., poetic, aor. pass. ἐκορέσθην poetic ( cross489 g) ἀ-κόρητος and ἀ-κόρε (ς) τος insatiate, both poetic. Ion. and poetic, rare in prose. ( crossIV.) LSJ

κορύσσω (κορυθ-) arm with the helmet, arm: act. only pres. and imperf. Hom. aor. part. κορυσσάμενος, perf. part. κεκορυθμένος. Poetic, mostly Epic. ( crossIII.) LSJ

κοτέω am angry: ἐκόετσα (-άμην) and κεκοτηώς Epic. LSJ

κρα_ζω (κρα_γ-, κραγ-) cry out: 2 aor. ἔκραγον, 2 perf. κέκρα_γα as pres. (imper. cross698, cross704 e), fut. perf. as fut. κεκρα_ξομαι shall cry out ( cross581, cross806). By-form κραυγάζω. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κραίνω (κραν-) accomplish: κρανῶ, ἔκρα_να, perf. 3 s. and pl. κέκρανται, ἐκράνθην, κρανθήσομαι, ἄ-κραντος. Epic by-form κραιαίνω (κρα_αίνω?): ἐκρήηνα (ἐκρα_ηνα ?), perf. 3 s. κεκρα_ανται, plup. κεκρα_αντο, aor. pass. ἐκρα_ανθεν Theocr., ἀ-κρα_αντος. Poetic. ( crossIII.) LSJ

κρέμα-μαι (κρεμα-) hang, intrans., used as pass. of κρεμάννυ_μι. Pres. inflected as ἵσταμαι (subj. κρέμωμαι, opt. κρεμαίμην, cross749 b, cross750 b), κρεμήσομαι. Cp. κρίμνημι and κρεμάννυ_μι. (Attic) LSJ

κρεμάν-νυ_μι (κρεμα-, cross729) hang, trans.: κρεμῶ, ἐκρέμασα, ἐκρεμάσθην, κρεμαστός. Mid. intrans. see κρέμαμαι. Fut. κρεμάσω Comic poets, κρεμόω Epic. ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κρίζω (κρικ- or κριγ-) creak: 2 aor. Epic κρίκε (v. 1. κρίγε), 2 perf. κέκρι_γα Aristoph. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κρίμ-νημι (κριμ-νη-, κριμ-να-) often miswritten κρήμνημι, hang, trans., rare in act. Mid. κρίμναμαι am suspended = κρέμαμαι. Poetic. ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κρι_νω (κρι-ν-) judge: κρινῶ, ἔκρι_να, κέκρικα ( cross491), κέκριμαι, ἐκρίθην (ἐκρίνθην Epic, cross491), κριθήσομαι (κρινοῦμαι rarely pass., cross809), κριτέος, κριτός poetic. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κρούω beat: κρούσω, ἔκρουσα, -κέκρουκα, -κέκρουμαι and -κέκρουσμαι ( cross489 g), -εκρούσθην, κρουστέος. (Attic) LSJ

κρύπ-τω (κρυφ-) hide: κρύψω (prose W. ἀπό, κατά), ἔκρυψα, κέκρυμμαι (prose W. ἀπό), ἐκρύφθην, κρυπτός, κρυπτέος poetic. Poetic 2 aor. pass. ἐκρύφην is rare (Soph.), κεκρύψομαι Hippocr. ( crossII.)

-- 704 --

(Attic) LSJ

κτάομαι acquire. κτήσομαι, ἐκτησάμην, κέκτημαι ( cross442 N.) possess (subj. κεκτῶμαι, -ῇ, -ῇται, cross709; opt. κεκτῄμην, -ῇο, -ῇτο, cross711; doubtful are κεκτῴμην, -ῷο, -ῷτο); fut. perf. κεκτήσομαι shall possess ( cross581); ἐκτήθην pass.; κτητός, -τέος. Aor. mid. ἐκτησάμην usu. = have possessed. Ion. perf. mid. ἔκτημαι ( cross442 D.) and fut. perf. ἐκτήσομαι shall possess (both in Plato). (Attic) LSJ

κτείνω (κτεν-, κτον-, κτα-ν-, cross478, cross480) kill, in prose usually comp. W. ἀπό, in poetry W. κατά; ἀπο-κτείνω: κτενῶ, ἔκτεινα, 2 perf. ἀπ-έκτονα. Ion. fut. κτενέω (κτανέω from κταίνω). Poetic 2 aor. ἔκτανον and ἔκταν ( cross551 D.); subj. κτέωμεν MSS. χ cross216, inf. κτάμεναι, part. κτα_ς; mid. ἐκτάμην was killed ( cross687). Epic aor. pass. ἐκτάθην. In Att. prose ἀπο-θνῄσκω is generally used as the pass. of ἀπο-κτείνω. By-forms ἀπο-κτείνυ_μι and ἀπο-κτεινύω (sometimes written κτείννυ_μι, -ύω, κτι_ννυ_μι, -ύω, cross733). ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κτίζω found: κτίσω, ἔκτισα, ἔκτισμαι Pind., ἐκτίσθην, ἐΰ-κτιτος poetic. Epic 2 aor. mid. part. κτίμενος (κτι-) as pass., founded. cross512. ( crossIII.) (Attic) LSJ

κτυπέω (κτυπ-, κτυπε-, cross485) sound: ἐκτύπησα, 2 aor. ἔκτυπον Hom. ( cross546 D). Poetic. LSJ

κυ_δαίνω (κυ_δ-αν-) honor: ἐκυ_δηνα Epic. Hom. has also κυ_δάνω and κυ_διάω. cross523 h. ( crossIII. crossIV.) LSJ

κυέω (κυ-, κυε-, cross485) am pregnant: ἐκύησα conceived, κεκύηκα. Fut. κυήσω Hippocr., aor. pass. ἐπ-εκυήθην Aristotle. Mid. bring forth. Connected forms are κύω (usu. poetic): ἔκυ_σα impregnated Aesch. (κυ_σαμένη being pregnant), caus. κυΐσκω impregnate and conceive, κυΐσκομαι conceive. (Attic) LSJ

κυλίνδω and κυλινδέω, later κυλι_ω, roll: ἐκύλι_σα, κατα-κεκύλι_σμαι ( cross489 c), ἐκυλι_σθην, ἐκ-κυλι_σθήσομαι, κυλι_στός. From ἐκύλι_σα (= ἐκυλινδσα) the pres. κυλι_ω was formed. Connected is καλινδέομαι. (Attic) LSJ

κυ-νέ-ω (κυ-) kiss: κυνήσομαι (?), ἔκυσα. Poetic. προς-κυνέω render homage to: προς-κυνήσω, προς-εκύνησα (προς-έκυσα poetic). ( crossIV.) (Attic) LSJ

κύπ-τω (κυφ-, cp. κύβδα; or κυ_φ-, cp. κυ_φός) stoop: ἀνα-κύψομαι ( cross806), ἔκυψα, κέκυ_φα. If the verb-stem is κυ_φ- the υ is long in all forms. ( crossII.) (Attic) LSJ

κυρέω (κυρ-, κυρε-, cross485) meet, happen is regular (poetic and Ion.). κυ_ρω (κυρ-) = κυρέω is mainly poetic: κύρσω ( cross536), ἔκυρσα. ( crossIII.) LSJ

κωκυ_ω ( cross500, 1. a) lament: κωκυ_σω Aesch., κωκυ_σομαι ( cross806) Aristoph., ἐκώκυ_σα poetic. LSJ

κωλυ_ω hinder: regular, but (rare) fut. mid. κωλυ_σομαι as pass. ( cross808) T. 1. cross142. (Attic) LSJ

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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