Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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With verbs signifying to cease, release, remove, restrain, give up, fail, be distant from, etc., the genitive denotes separation.

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λήγειν τῶν πόνων to cease from toil I. 1.14, ἐπιστήμη χωριζομένη δικαιοσύνης knowledge divorced from justice P. Menex. 246e, μεταστὰ_ς τῆς Ἀθηναίων ξυμμαχία_ς withdrawing from the alliance with the Athenians T. 2.67, παύσαντες αὐτὸν τῆς στρατηγία_ς removing him from his office of general X. H. 6.2.13, εἴργεσθαι τῆς ἀγορᾶς to be excluded from the forum L. 6.24, σῶσαι κακοῦ to save from evil S. Ph. 919, ἐκώλυ_ον τῆς πορεία_ς αὐτόν they prevented him from passing X. Ages. 2.2, πᾶς ἀσκὸς δύο ἄνδρας ἕξει τοῦ μὴ καταδῦναι each skin will keep two men from sinking X. A. 3.5.11, λόγου τελευτᾶν to end a speech T. 3.59, τῆς ἐλευθερία_ς παραχωρῆσαι Φιλίππῳ to surrender their freedom to Philip D. 18.68, οὐ πόνων ὑφί_ετο, οὐ κινδύ_νων ἀφί_στατο, οὐ χρημάτων ἐφείδετο he did not relax his toil, stand aloof from dangers, or spare his money X. Ages. 7.1, ψευσθέντες τῶν ἐλπίδων disappointed of their expectations I. 4.58 (but cp. cross1352), ἡ νῆσος οὐ πολὺ διέχουσα τῆς ἠπείρου the island being not far distant from the mainland T. 3.51.


Several verbs of separation, such as ἐλευθεροῦν (especially with a personal subject), may take ἀπό or ἐξ when the local idea is prominent. Many take also the accusative.


The genitive, instead of the accusative ( cross1628), may be used with verbs of depriving: ἀποστερεῖ με τῶν χρημάτων he deprives me of my property I. 17.35, τῶν ἄλλων ἀφαιρούμενοι χρήματα taking away property from others X. M. 1.5.3.


The genitive of the place whence is employed in poetry where a compound verb would be used in prose: βάθρων ἵστασθε rise from the steps S. O. T. 142 (cp. ὑπανίστανται θά_κων they rise from their seats X. S. 4. cross31), χθονὸς ἀείρα_ς raising from the ground S. Ant. 417.


The genitive with verbs signifying to want, lack, empty, etc. may be classed with the genitive of separation.

τῶν ἐπιτηδείων οὐκ ἀπορήσομεν we shall not want provisions X. A. 2.2.11, ἐπαίνου οὔποτε σπανίζετε you never lack praise X. Hi. 1.14, ἀνδρῶν τά_νδε πόλιν κενῶσαι to empty this city of its men A. Supp. 660. So with ἐλλείπειν and στέρεσθαι lack, ἐρημοῦν deliver from.


δέω I lack (the personal construction) usually takes the genitive of quantity: πολλοῦ γε δέω nothing of the sort P. Phae. 228a, μι_κροῦ ἔδεον ἐν χερσὶ τῶν ὁπλι_τῶν εἶναι they were nearly at close quarters with the hoplites X. H. 4.6.11, τοσούτου δέω ζηλοῦν I am so far from admiring D. 8.70 (also τοσοῦτον δέω).


δέομαι I want, request may take the genitive, or the accusative (regularly of neuter pronouns and adjectives), of the thing wanted; and the genitive of the person: ἐρωτώμενος ὅτου δέοιτο, Ἀσκῶν, ἔφη, δισχι_λίων δεήσομαι being asked what he needed, he saidI shall have need of two thousand skinsX. A. 3.5.9, τοῦτο ὑ_μῶν δέομαι I ask this of you P. A. 17c. The genitive of the thing and of the person is unusual: δεόμενοι Κύ_ρου ἄλλης ἄλλης πρά_ξεως petitioning Cyrus about different matters X. C. 8.3.19.


δεῖ (impersonal) is frequently used with genitives of quantity: πολλοῦ δεῖ οὕτως ἔχειν far from that being the case P. A. 35d, οὐδὲ πολλοῦ δεῖ D. 8.42 (only in D.) and οὐδ' ὀλίγου δεῖ no, far from it D. 19.184. δεῖν may be omitted (but not with πολλοῦ), leaving ὀλίγου and μι_κροῦ in the sense of almost, all but;

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ὀλίγου πάντες almost all P. R. 552d, ὀλίγου εἷλον τὴν πόλιν they all but. took the city T. 8.35. On δεῖν used absolutely, see cross2012 d; on δέων with numerals, 350 c.


δεῖ μοί τινος means I have need of something. In place of the dative ( cross1467) an accusative of the person is rarely allowed in poetry on the analogy of δεῖ with the infinitive ( cross1985): οὐ πόνου πολλοῦ με δεῖ I have need of no great toil E. Hipp. 23 (often in E.). The thing needed is rarely put in the accusative: εἴ τι δέοι τῷ χορῷ if the chorus need anything Ant. 6.12 (here some regard τὶ as nominative). Cp. cross1562.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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