]. SUBJECTIVE AND OBJECTIVE GENITIVE
With a verbal noun the genitive may denote the subject or object of the action expressed in the noun.
a. Many of these genitives derive their construction from that of the kindred verbs:
T. 2.52 ( cross1349), χόλος υἱός anger because of his son O 138 ( cross1405). But the verbal idea sometimes requires the accusative, or (less commonly) the dative.
τοῦ ὕδατος ἐπιθυ_μία_ desire for water
In poetry an adjective may take the place of the genitive: -- 319 --
A. Pers. 8. Cp. cross1291.
νόστος ὁ βασίλειος the return of the king
The Subjective Genitive is active in sense: τῶν βαρβάρων φόβος the fear of the barbarians (which they feel: οἱ βάρβαροι φοβοῦνται) X. A. 1.2.17, ἡ βασιλέως ἐπιορκία_ the perjury of the king (βασιλεὺς ἐπιορκεῖ) 3. 2. 4,
T. 2.59 (such genitives with substantive participles are common in Thucydides; cp. cross1153 b, N. 2).
τὸ ὀργιζόμενον τῆς γνώμης their angry feelings
The Objective Genitive is passive in sense, and is very common with substantives denoting a frame of mind or an emotion: φόβος τῶν Εἱλώτων the fear of the Helots (felt towards them: φοβοῦνται τοὺς Εἵλωτας) T. 3.54, ἡ τῶν Ἑλλήνων εὔνοια good-will towards the Greeks (εὐνοεῖ τοῖς Ἕλλησι) X. A. 4.7.20, ἡ τῶν καλῶν συνουσία_ intercourse with the good (σύνεισι τοῖς καλοῖς) P. L. 838a.
a. The objective genitive often precedes another genitive on which it depends:
μετὰ τῆς ξυμμαχία_ς τῆς αἰτήσεως with the request for an alliance
Various prepositions are used in translating the objective genitive:
X. A. 2.5.7,
ὁ θεῶν πόλεμος war with the gods
E. Hipp. 657,
ὅρκοι θεῶν oaths by the gods
P. Phae. 244e,
θεῶν εὐχαί prayers to the gods
ἀδικημάτων ὀργή anger at injustice
ἐγκράτεια ἡδονῆς moderation in pleasure
P. L. 840c,
ἡ τῶν ἡδονῶν νί_κη victory over pleasures
X. A. 7.6.36,
τρόπαια βαρβάρων memorials of victory over barbarians
παραινέσεις τῶν ξυναλλαγῶν exhortations to reconciliation
S. Ant. 11,
μῦθος φίλων tidings about friends
S. O. C. 1161. In
σοῦ μῦθος speech with thee
ι 421, μεταπαυσωλὴ πολέμοιο respite from war T 201, it is uncertain whether the genitive is objective or ablatival ( cross1392).
θανάτου λύσις release from death
The objective genitive is often used when a prepositional expression, giving greater precision, is more usual: τὸ Μεγαρέων ψήφισμα the decree relating to (περί) the Megarians T. 1.140, ἀπόβασις τῆς γῆς a descent upon the land (ἐς τὴν γῆν) 1. 108, ἀπόστασις τῶν Ἀθηναίων revolt from the Athenians (ἀπὸ τῶν Ἀθηναίων) 8. 5.
For the objective genitive a possessive pronoun is sometimes used:
P. Soph. 242a,
σὴν χάριν for thy sake
P. A. 20e. ὁ ἐμὸς φόβος is usually objective: the fear which I inspire. (But
διαβολὴ ἡ ἐμή calumniation of me
S. O. C. 1161.)
σοῦ μῦθος speech with thee
Predicate Use.—οὐ τῶν κακούργων οἶκτος, ἀλλὰ τῆς δίκης compassion is not for wrong-doers, but for justice E. fr. 270.