]. ACCUMULATION OF NEGATIVES
If in the same clause a simple negative (οὐ or μή) with a verb follows a negative, each of the two negatives keeps its own force if they belong to different words or expressions. If they belong to the same word or expression, they make an affirmative.
οὐ διὰ τὸ μὴ ἀκοντίζειν οὐκ ἔβαλον αὐτόν it was not because they did not throw that they did not hit him Ant. 3. δ. 6,
Ar. Ran. 42, οὐδεὶς οὐκ ἔπασχέ τι no one was not suffering something (i.e. everybody suffered) X. S. 1. 9 (οὐδεὶς ὅστις οὐ = everybody is commonly used for οὐδεὶς οὐ), οὐδὲ τὸν Φορμίων' ἐκεῖνος οὐχ ὁρᾷ nor does he not see Phormio (i.e. he sees him very well) D. 36.46, οὐδ' εἴ τις ἄλλος σοφός (ἐστιν)
οὔ τοι μὰ τὴν Δήμητρα δύναμαι μὴ γελᾶν by Demeter I am not able to help laughing
P. S. 204a,
οὐ φιλοσοφεῖ nor if there is any other man who is wise, does he love wisdom
οὐδέ γε ὁ ἰδίᾳ πονηρὸς οὐκ ἂν γένοιτο δημοσίᾳ χρηστός nor can the man who is base in private prove himself noble in a public capacity
If in the same clause one or more compound negatives follow a negative with the same verb, the compound negative simply confirms the first negative.
Ar. Eccl. 605,
οὐδεὶς οὐδὲν πενίᾳ δρά_σει no one will do anything because of want
μὴ θορυβήσῃ μηδείς let no one raise an uproar
X. A. 2.4.23, τούτους φοβούμενοι μήποτε ἀσεβὲς μηδὲν μηδὲ ἀνόσιον μήτε ποιήσητε μήτε βουλεύσητε holding them (the gods) in fear never do or intend anything either impious or unholy X. C. 8.7.22. So οὐ . . . οὐδέ non . . . ne . . quidem, οὐ μὴν οὐδέ ( cross2768). οὐδὲ πολλοῦ δεῖ, after a negative, means far from it. Cp. “no sonne, were he never so old of years, might not marry” (Ascham's Scholemaster), “We may not, nor will we not suffer this” (Marlowe).
καὶ οὔτε ἐπέθετο οὐδεὶς οὐδαμόθεν οὔτε πρὸς τὴν γέφυ_ραν οὐδεὶς ἦλθε and neither did any one make an attack from any quarter nor did any one come to the bridge
a. In οὐδὲ γὰρ οὐδέ the first negative belongs to the whole sentence, while the
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second limits a particular part. Thus,
X. C. 7.2.20 (cp. neque enim . . . ne . . quidem). Cp. E 22, θ 32. So οὐδὲ μὲν οὐδέ B 703, κ 551.
οὐδὲ γὰρ οὐδὲ τοῦτο ἐψεύσατο for he did not deceive me even in this
The negative of one clause is often repeated in the same or in another clause either for emphasis or because of lax structure.
δς οὐκ, ἐπειδὴ τῷδε ἐβούλευσας μόρον, δρᾶσαι τόδ' ἔργον οὐκ ἔτλης who did not, after you had planned his death, dare to do this deed A. Ag. 1634. The repetition is rhetorical when the negative is repeated directly, as
S. O. C. 587.
οὐ σμι_κρός, οὔχ, ἁ_γὼν ὅδε not trifling, is this struggle, no in truth