Long sentences (and even some short complex sentences), or a series of sentences, in indirect discourse depending on a single
a. ἔφη (ἔλεξε, εἶπεν, ἤρετο) is repeated, e.g.
b. The indirect form is abandoned for the direct form, e.g.
c. ἔφη χρῆναι (δεῖν) or ἐκέλευσε is inserted or repeated (
N. 1.—Transition from direct to indirect discourse is rare (
N. 2.—An interrogative clause always depends immediately on the introductory verb, hence such clauses do not occur in the course of a long sentence in indirect discourse.
Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].