Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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2633

The idea conveyed by an imperative or a hortatory (or even deliberative) subjunctive of direct discourse may be set forth in the infinitive by a statement as to what ought to be.

a. In an infinitive dependent on a verb of will or desire (such as ask, command, advise, forbid, etc. cross1992) which does not properly take the construction of indirect discourse.

εἷς δὲ δὴ εἶπε ( cross1997) . . . στρατηγοὺς μὲν ἑλέσθαι ἄλλους and some one urged that they choose other generals X. A. 1.3.14 (cp. ἕλεσθε or ἕλωμεν), ἀπηγόρευε μηδένα βάλλειν he forbade any one to shoot X. C. 1.4.14 (cp. μηδεὶς βαλλέτω).

N.—Here may be placed the infinitive after ἡγοῦμαι, νομίζω, οἴομαι in the sense of δοκῶ I think it proper (or necessary); as ᾤοντο ἀπιέναι they thought that they should retire X. H. 4.7.4 (cp. ἀπίωμεν).

b. In an infinitive dependent on ἔφη χρῆναι (δεῖν), as ἔφη . . . χρῆναι πλεῖν ἐπὶ Συρα_κούσα_ς he said that they ought to sail to Syracuse T. 4.69.

c. In the simple infinitive, as τὰ_ς μὲν ἐπιστολὰ_ς . . . ἀνέγνωσαν, ἐν αἷς πολλῶν ἄλλων γεγραμμένων κεφάλαιον ἦν πρὸς Λακεδαιμονίους οὐ γιγνώσκειν ὅ τι βούλονται . . . εἰ οὖν τι βούλονται σαφὲς λέγειν, πέμψαι μετὰ τοῦ Πέρσου ἄνδρας ὡς αὐτόν they read the dispatches, in which of much besides therein written to the Lacedaemonians the substance was that the king did not understand what they wanted; if therefore

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they wished to make explicit statements, let them send men to him in company with the Persian T. 4.50. Cp. T. 1.27. 1 μένειν μενέτω.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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