Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
Previous SubSect

Next SubSect

DEPENDENT SUBSTANTIVE CLAUSES ( cross2574- cross2635) 2574

A subordinate clause may play the part of a substantive in relation to the main clause. Such clauses are generally the object, sometimes the subject, of the verb of the main clause.

εἶπεν ὅτι οὐ πόλεμον ποιησόμενοι ἥκοιεν he said that they had not come to wage war X. A. 5.5.24, ἔπρα_σσον ὅπως τις βοήθεια ἥξει they were managing how some reinforcements should come T. 3.4, δέδοικα μὴ . . . ἐπιλαθώμεθα τῆς οἴκαδε ὁδοῦ I am afraid lest we may forget the way home X. A. 3.2.25; ἐλέγετο ὅτι . . . Πῶλος ὅσον οὐ παρείη it was said that Polus had all but arrived 7. 2. 5.

2575

There are four main divisions of substantive clauses.

1. Dependent Statements: subordinate clauses stating that something is; as λέγει ὡς οὐδέν ἐστιν ἀδικώτερον φήμης he says that nothing is more unjust than talk about a man's character Aes. 1.125.

-- 581 --

2. Dependent Clauses of will or desire: subordinate clauses denoting that something should be or should be done. These clauses have been treated under the following divisions:

a. Dependent clauses after verbs of effort ( cross2209).

b. Dependent clauses after verbs of fearing ( cross2221).

N.—On dependent voluntative clauses with the accusative and infinitive (indirect petition), see cross1991 ff.

3. Dependent Questions: subordinate clauses asking a question; both parts of the sentence together forming a statement; as ἠρώτων ὅ τι ἐστὶ τὸ πρᾶγμα I asked what the matter was X. A. 5.7.23.

4. Dependent Exclamations: subordinate clauses setting forth an exclamation; both parts of the sentence together forming a statement; as διαθεώμενος αὐτῶν ὅσην μὲν χώρα_ν καὶ οἵα_ν ἔχοιεν observing how great the extent of their territory was and how excellent its quality X. A. 3.1.19.

Previous SubSect

Next SubSect


Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
Powered by PhiloLogic