Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
2565

Conditional relative clauses that vividly anticipate the realization of a future event take the subjunctive with ἄν. The main clause has the future indicative or any other form referring to the future.

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τῷ ἀνδρὶ δν ἂν (= ἐά_ν τινα) ἕλησθε πείσομαι I will obey whatever man you may choose X. A. 1.3.15, οἷς (for ) ἂν οἱ ἄλλοι ἐργάζωνται, τούτοις σὺ χρήσῃ whatever others acquire by labour, that you shall enjoy X. M. 2.1.25, πειρά_σομαι ὅ τι ἂν δύνωμαι ὑ_μᾶς ἀγαθὸν ποιεῖν I will try to do you all the good I can X. A. 6.1.33, ὅποι ἂν ἔλθω, λέγοντος ἐμοῦ ἀκροά_σονται οἱ νέοι wherever I go the young men will listen to my speaking P. A. 37d, ἀπόκρι_ναι ὅ τι ἄν δε ἐρωτῶ answer whatever I ask you L. 12.24, ἕπεσθε ὅπῃ ἄν τις ἡγῆται follow where any one may lead you T. 2.11, ὡς ἂν (= ἐά_ν πως) ἐγὼ εἴπω, πειθώμεθα let us all obey as I shall bid B 139. Potential optative: ὥστ' ἀποφύγοις ἂν ἥντιν' ἂν βούλῃ δίκην so that you can get off in any suit you please Ar. Nub. 1151.

a. The future indicative is scarcely ever used in a conditional relative clause of this sort (T. 1.22 ὅσοι βουλήσονται; cp. cross1913).

b. Homer has some cases of the subjunctive without κέ or ἄν (e.g. N cross234). Homer sometimes uses the future with κέ or ἄν in the main clause: ὁ δέ κεν κεχολώσεται, ὅν κεν ἵκωμαι and he will be wroth to whom I shall come A 139.


Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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