OTHER PECULIARITIES OF RELATIVE CLAUSES 2539
Appositives to the antecedent may be drawn into the relative clause as the nearest construction or for the sake of emphasis. Thus, εὑρήσει τοὺς . . . δικαστά_ς, οἵπερ καὶ λέγονται ἐκεῖ δικάζειν, Μί_νως τε καὶ Ῥαδάμανθυς κτλ.
A substantive, usually with the article, is often taken over into the relative clause, to explain, by a necessary addition, the idea conveyed by that clause; and stands in the same case as the relative. Thus,
εἰ μανθάνεις ὃ βούλομαι λέγειν τὸ εἶδος
The antecedent may be reserved for the main clause, which follows the relative clause. Thus,
καθ' οὓς μὲν ἀπήχθην, οὐκ ἔνοχός εἰμι τοῖς νόμοις
An attributive adjective, or an attributive genitive belonging to a substantive standing in the main clause, may be placed either in the relative clause (if either is emphatic) or in the main clause. Two adjectives may be divided between the two clauses. The substantives may remain in the main clause or be transferred to the relative clause. Thus,
τὸ τείχισμα δ ἦν αὐτόθι τῶν Συρα_κοσίων αἱροῦσι
ὧν ἐγὼ ἤθελον τούτῳ ταύτην ἥτις εἴη μεγίστη πίστις δοῦναι
a. From the transference of superlatives to the relative clause arise such expressions as ἤγαγον συμμάχους ὁπόσους πλείστους ἐδυνάμην ( cross1087). Similarly ὡς τάχιστα (scil. δύνασαι or the like)
A participial or subordinate clause depending on a following main clause may be joined to a preceding clause containing the antecedent of the relative. Thus, ἔφη εἶναι ἄκρον δ εἰ μή τις προκαταλήψοιτο, ἀδύνατον ἔσεσθαι παρελθεῖν
When the relative clause contains a
Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].