Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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2493

ὅς who and the other simple relatives (e.g. οἷος, ὅσος) refer to a particular and individual person or thing.

ἦν τις ἐν τῇ στρατιᾷ Ξενοφῶν Ἀθηναῖος, ὃς οὔτε στρατηγὸς οὔτε στρατιώτης ὢν συνηκολούθει there was in the army one Xenophon, an Athenian, who accompanied it though he was neither general nor soldier X. A. 3.1.4.

a. On the relation of the relative ὅς to the demonstrative ὅς, see cross1113, cross1114.

b. ὅς is often used instead of ὅστις (or οἷος) especially with ἄν or μή. Cp. cross2508. ὅς whoever with the indicative generally adds (in prose) δή ποτε, δήποτ' οὖν ( cross339 e).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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