Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
Previous Sub2Sect

Next Sub2Sect

2356

The optative with ἄν (the potential optative) may be used as the apodosis of

εἰ with the indicative in Simple Present and Past conditions ( cross2300 e),

εἰ with the past indicative in Unreal conditions in Homer (rarely in Attic, cross2312),

εἰ with the future indicative in Emotional Future conditions ( cross2328),

εἰ with the optative in Less Vivid Future conditions ( cross2329). In Present conditions ( cross2353): εἰ λέγοιμ' ἄν supposing I would say, whereas εἰ λέγοιμι means supposing I should say.

ἐά_ν with the subjunctive in More Vivid Future conditions ( cross2326 d).

a. When the protasis is a future indicative or a subjunctive, the optative with ἄν sometimes seems to be merely a mild future and to have no potential force. Thus, ἢν οὖν μάθῃς μοι τὸν ἄδικον τοῦτον λόγον, οὐκ ἂν ἀποδοίην οὐδ' ἂν ὀβολὸν οὐδενί if then you learn this unjust reason for me, I will not pay even an obol to anybody Ar. Nub. 116.

Previous Sub2Sect

Next Sub2Sect


Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
Powered by PhiloLogic