Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].

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996

Collective Singular.—A noun in the singular may denote a number of persons or things: ὁ Μῆδος the Medes T. 1.69, τὸ Ἑλληνικόν the Greeks 1. 1, τὸ βαρβαρικόν the barbarians 7. 29, ἡ πλίνθος the bricks 3. 20, ἵππον ἔχω εἰς χι_λία_ν I have about a thousand horse X. C. 4.6.2, μυ_ρία_ ἀσπίς ten thousand heavy armed X. A. 1.7.10. On the plural verb with collectives, see cross950. Cp. cross1024, cross1044.

a. So with the neuter participle: τὸ μαχόμενον almost = οἱ μαχόμενοι the combatants T. 4.96.

b. The name of a nation with the article may denote one person as the representative (King, etc.) of a class: ὁ Μακεδών the Macedonian (Philip) D. 7.6.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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