Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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2053

A participle and its substantive often correspond to a verbal noun with the genitive or to an articular infinitive. Cp. post urbem conditam and Milton's “Since created man.”

τῷ σί_τῳ ἐπιλείποντι ἐπιέζοντο they suffered from the failure of the crops ( = τῇ τοῦ σί_του ἐπιλείψει) T. 3.20, δι' ὑ_μᾶς μὴ ξυμμαχήσαντας by reason of your not joining the alliance ( = διὰ τὸ ὑ_μᾶς μὴ ξυμμαχῆσαι) 6. 80, μετὰ Συρα_κούσα_ς οἰκισθείσα_ς after the foundation of Syracuse 6. 3, ἐλύ_πει αὐτὸν ἡ χώρα_ πορθουμένη the ravaging of the country grieved him X. A. 7.7.12, ἡ ὀργὴ σὺν τῷ φόβῳ λήγοντι ἄπεισι his wrath will disappear with the cessation of his fear X. C. 4.5.21.

a. Except in expressions of time, such as ἅμα ἦρι ἀρχομένῳ at the beginning of spring T. 2.2, ἐπὶ Κόδρου βασιλεύοντος in the reign of Codrus Lyc. 84 (cp. cross1689 b), this construction is in place only when the part. is necessary to the sense. In poetry: Ζεὺς γελοῖος ὀμνύμενος swearing by Zeus is ridiculous Ar. Nub. 1241; in Hom. A 601, I 682.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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