Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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2050

The substantive with which the attributive participle (with the article) agrees directly, may be omitted, the participle thus becoming a substantive ( cross1153 b, and N. 1); as, ὁ οἴκαδε βουλόμενος ἀπιέναι whoever wants to go home X. A. 1.7.4. Neuter participles are often substantival, as τὰ δέοντα duties.

a. Substantives or relative clauses must often be used to translate such par

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ticiples, as ὁ φεύγων the exile or the defendant, τὸ μέλλον the future, οἱ νι_κῶντες the victors, ὁ κλέπτων the thief, οἱ θανόντες the dead, ὁ σωθείς the man who has been saved, οἱ δεδιότες those who are afraid, οἱ ἀδικούμενοι those who are (being) wronged, ὁ τὴν γνώμην ταύτην εἰπών the one who gave this opinion T. 8.68, ὁ ἐνταῦθ' ἑαυτὸν τάξα_ς τῆς πολι_τεία_ς εἴμ' ἐγώ the man who took this position in the State was I D. 18.62. The participle with the article may represent a relative clause of purpose or result, as X. A. 2.4.5 cited in 2044.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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