Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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1745

Active or middle verbs governing the genitive or dative may form (unlike the Latin use) a personal passive, the genitive or dative (especially if either denotes a person) becoming the subject of the passive.

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a. With the genitive: ἄρχειν, ἡγεμονεύειν, καταφρονεῖν, καταγελᾶν, καταψηφίζειν (καταψηφίζεσθαι), ἀμελεῖν.

b. With the dative: ἀπειλεῖν, ἀπιστεῖν, ἐγκαλεῖν, ἐπιβουλεύειν, ἐπιτι_μᾶν, ὀνειδίζειν, πιστεύειν, πολεμεῖν, φθονεῖν.

c. Examples: οὐκ ἠξίουν οὗτοι ἡγεμονεύεσθαι ὑφ' ἡμῶν they did not think it right to be governed by us T. 3.61, ἐκεῖνος κατεψηφίσθη he was condemned X. H. 5.2.36, but θάνατος αὐτῶν κατεγνώσθη the penalty of death was pronounced against them L. 13.39 (pass. of καταγνῶναι θάνατον αὐτῶν), ὥρα_ ἡμῖν βουλεύεσθαι ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν αὐτῶν μὴ καταφρονηθῶμεν it is time for us to take counsel for ourselves that we may not be brought into contempt X. A. 5.7.12, πολεμοῦνται μὲν ὑπὸ τῶν τὴν χώρα_ν αὐτῶν περιοικούντων, ἀπιστοῦνται δ' ὑφ' ἁπάντων they are warred against by those who dwell around their country, and are distrusted by all I. 5.49, πῶς ἂν ἐπεβούλευσά τι αὐτῷ, ὅ τι μὴ καὶ ἐπεβουλεύθην ὑπ' αὐτοῦ; how could I have plotted against him, unless I had been plotted against by him? Ant. 4. β. 5, φθονηθεὶς ὑπὸ τοὖ Οδυσσέως envied by Odysseus X. M. 4.2.33 (contrast Lat. invidetur mihi ab aliquo).

N.—The above principle does not hold when the accusative of an external object intervenes between the verb and the dative.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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