Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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1723

Active and Reflexive.—Instead of the direct middle the active voice with the reflexive pronoun is usually employed; often of difficult and unnatural actions (especially with αὐτὸς ἑαυτόν, etc.).

τὰ ὅπλα παρέδοσαν καὶ σφᾶς αὐτούς they surrendered their arms and themselves T. 4.38, μισθώσα_ς αὑτόν hiring himself out D. 19.29 (not μισθωσάμενος, which means hiring for himself), καταλέλυκε τὴν αὐτὸς αὑτοῦ δυναστεία_ν he himself has put an end to his own sovereignty Aes. 3.233, ἠτί_μωκεν ἑαυτόν he has dishonoured himself D. 21.103. But regularly ἀπάγχεσθαι hang oneself ( cross1717).

a. The active and a reflexive pronoun in the gen. or dat. may be used for the simple middle when the reflexive notion is emphatic: καταλείπειν συγγράμματα ἑαυτῶν to leave behind them their written compositions P. Phae. 257d.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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