Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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1688 ἐξ, ἐκ

ἐξ, ἐκ out, out of, from, from within, opposed to ἐν, εἰς; cp. Lat. ex, e. As contrasted with ἀπό away from, ἐξ denotes from within.

1. ἐξ, ἐκ with the (Ablatival) Genitive only

In Arcadian and Cyprian ἐς ( = ἐξ) takes the dative.

a. Local: ἐκ Φοινί_κης ἐλαύνων marching out of Phoenicia X. A. 1.7.12; of transition: ἐκ πλείονος ἔφευγον they fled when at (from) a greater distance 1. 10. 11. On ἐξ in the constructio praegnans, see cross1660 a.

b. Temporal: ἐκ τοῦ ἀ_ρίστου after breakfast X. A. 4.6.21, ἐκ παίδων from boyhood 4. 6. 14.

c. Other relations: immediate succession or transition: ἄλλην ἐξ ἄλλης πόλεως ἀμειβόμενος exchanging one city for another P. A. 37d, ἐκ πολέμου ποιούμενος εἰρήνην making peace after (a state of) war D. 19.133, ἐκ πτωχῶν πλούσιοι γίγνονται from beggars they become rich 8. 66. Origin: immediate origin (whereas ἀπό is used of remote origin, 1684. 1. c): ἀγαθοὶ καὶ ἐξ ἀγαθῶν noble and of noble breed P. Phae. 246a. Agent, regarded as the source: with pass. and intr. verbs instead of ὑπδ (chiefly poetic and in Hdt.): πόλεις ἐκ βασιλέως δεδομέναι cities a gift (having been given) of (by) the king X. A. 1.1.6, ὡμολογεῖτο ἐκ πάντων it was agreed by all T. 2.49; but ἐκ is often used with a different force, as ἐκ τῶν τυχόντων ἀνθρώπων συνοικισθῆναι to have been settled by the vulgar (as constituent parts of a whole) Lyc. 62. Consequence: ἐξ αὐτοῦ τοῦ ἔργου in consequence of the fact itself T. 1.75. Cause or ground of judgment (where the dat, is more usual with inanimate

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objects): ἐξ οὗ διέβαλλεν αὐτόν for which reason he accused him X. A. 6.6.11. Material: τὸ ἄγκιστρον ἐξ ἀδάμαντος the hook of adamant P. R. 616c. Instrument and means: ἐκ τῶν πόνων τὰ_ς ἀρετὰ_ς κτᾶσθαι to acquire by labour the fruits of virtue T. 1.123. Conformity: ἐκ τῶν νόμων in accordance with the laws D. 24.28. Manner (rare): ἐκ τοῦ ἴσου on equal terms T. 2.3. Partitive (cp. cross1317 a): ἐκ τῶν δυναμένων εἰσί they belong to the class that has power P. G. 525e.

2. ἐξ, ἐκ in Composition

Out, from, off, away (cp. ἐξελαύνειν drive out and away); often with an implication of fulfilment, completion, thoroughness, resolution (ἐκπέρθειν sack utterly, ἐκδιδάσκειν teach thoroughly). Cp. cross1648.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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