Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].

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1681 ἀμφί

ἀμφί (cp. ἄμφω, ἀμφότερος, Lat. ambi-, amb-, am-) originally

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on both sides (either externally only, or inside and outside), hence about. Cp. the use of περί ( cross1693) throughout. Chiefly poetic, Ionic, and Xenophontic. In Attic prose chiefly with the accusative.

1. ἀμφί with the Genitive

Local (very rare and doubtful): οἱ ἀμφὶ ταύτης οἰκέοντες τῆς πόλιος dwellers round about this city Hdt. 8.104 (only here). Cause: about, concerning: ἀμφὶ σῆς λέγω παιδός I speak about thy child E. Hec. 580, ἀμφὶ ὧν εἶχον διαφερόμενοι quarrelling about what they had X. A. 4.5.17.

2. ἀμφί with the Dative

Local: ἀμφ' ὤμοισιν ἔχει σάκος he has a shield about his shoulders Λ 527. Cause: φοβηθεὶς ἀμφὶ τῇ γυναικί afraid on account of his wife Hdt. 6.62, ἀμφὶ φόβῳ by reason of (encompassed by) terror E. Or. 825; Means: ἀμφὶ σοφίᾳwith the environment of poetic art’ Pind. P. 1. 12. Often in Pindar.

3. ἀμφί with the Accusative

Local: ἀμφὶ Μί_λητον about Miletus X. A. 1.2.3, ἔδραμον ἀμφ' Ἀχιλῆα they ran around Achilles Σ 30; temporal: ἀμφὶ δείλην towards evening X. A. 2.2.14. Number: ἀμφὶ τούς δισχι_λίους about two thousand 1. 2. 9; of occupation with an object: ἀμφὶ δεῖπνον εἶχεν he was busy about dinner X. C. 5.5.44.

a. οἱ ἀμφί τινα the attendants, followers of a person, or the person himself with his attendants, etc.: ἀνὴρ τῶν ἀμφὶ Κῦρον πιστῶν one of the trusty adherents of Cyrus X. A. 1.8.1, οἱ ἀμφὶ Χειρίσοφον Chirisophus and his men 4. 3. 21, οἱ ἀμφὶ Πρωταγόρα_ν the school of Protagoras P. Th. 170c. This last phrase contains the only use of ἀμφί in Attic prose outside of Xenophon.

4. ἀμφί in Composition

Around, about' ἀμφιβάλλειν throw around (on both sides), ἀμφιλέγειν dispute (speak on both sides).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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