Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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890

An abstract word can enter into composition only by taking a derivative ending (usually -ια_) formed from a real or assumed compound adjective: ναῦ-ς ship, μάχη fight = ναύ-μαχος, whence ναυ-μαχία_ naval battle; εὖ well, βουλή counsel = εὔ-βουλος, whence εὐ-βουλία_ good counsel; ἀν-neg., ἀρχή rule = ἄν-αρχος, whence ἀν-αρχία_ anarchy; εὖ well, πρᾶξις doing = *εὐπρα_ξος, whence εὐ-πρα_ξία_ well-doing. Contrast εὐ-βουλία_ with προ-βουλή forethought, εὐ-λογία_ eulogy with πρό-λογος prologue.

a. Only after a preposition does an abstract word remain unchanged: προβουλή forethought. Exceptions are rare: μισθο-φορά_ receipt of wages (μισθός, φορά_).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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