Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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435

Temporal Augment.—Verbs beginning with a vowel take the temporal augment by lengthening the initial vowel. The temporal augment is so called because it usually increases the time required to pronounce the initial syllable. Diphthongs lengthen their first vowel.

α becomes η:ἄγω leadἦγονἦχαἤχη
εη:ἐλπίζω hopeἤλπιζονἤλπισαἤλπικαἠλπίκη
ιι_:ἱκετεύω supplicateἱ_κέτευονἱ_κέτευσαἱ_κέτευκαἱ_κετεύκη
οω:ὁρίζω mark offὥριζονὥρισαὥρικαὡρίκη
υυ_:ὑβρίζω insultὕ_βριζονὕ_βρισαὕ_βρικαὑ_βρίκη
αι:αἱρίω seizeᾕρουνᾕρηκαᾑρήκη
αυηυ:αὐλέω play the fluteηὔλουνηὔλησαηὔληκαηὐλήκη
ει:εἰκάζω likenᾔκαζονᾔκασα
ευηυ:εὔχομαι prayηὐχόμηνηὐξάμηνηὖγμαιηὔγμην
οι:οἰκέω dwellᾤκουνᾤκησαᾤκηκαᾠκήκη

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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