Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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770

The indicative εἰμί is for *ἐς-μι ( cross37); εἶ is for *ἐσι (originally ἐς-σί, 463 b); ἐς-τί retains the original ending τι; εἰσί is for (ς-) εντι, cp. Lat. sunt; ἐσμέν, with ς before μ despite 105; the ς is due to the influence of ἐστέ. The subjunctive is for ἔω, from ἐς-ω; the optative εἴην is for ἐς-ιη-ν; εἶμεν for ἐς-ι_μεν, cp. Lat. sĩmus. The infinitive εἶναι is for ἐς-ναι; the participle ὤν is for ἐών, from ἐς-ων.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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