Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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750

Present Optative.—The optative active has the secondary endings and the mood sign -ιη- in the singular, -ι_- (-ιε- 3 pl.) in the dual and plural. In the dual and plural the longer (-ιη-) forms are rare. Thus τιθείην (τιθε-ίη-ν), τιθεῖμεν (τιθέ-ι_-μεν), ἱσταίην (ἱστα-ίη-ν) ἱσταῖεν (ι·στά-ιε-ν). The shorter forms in dual and plural occur in poetry and prose, the longer forms only in prose.

a. The middle (passive) has the secondary endings and the mood sign -ι_- throughout: τιθείμην (τιθε-ί_-μην), ἱσταίμην (ἱστα-ί_-μην), ἱσταίμεθα (ἱστα-ί_-μεθα), διδοῖντο (διδό-ι_-ντο). On τιθοῖτο, etc., see cross746 c.

b. The accent follows 424 c, N. 1 (τιθεῖτο not τίθειτο). But the verbs of 749 b are exceptional: δύναιο δύναιτο; and so ὄναιο ὄναιτο from ὀνίνημι benefit ( cross424 c, N. 2).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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