Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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624

Verbs in ς or Ϝ (w).—Some verb-stems ended originally in ς or ϝ.

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a. Sigma-stems (cp. cross488 d) with presents either from -ς-ω or -ς-yω. Thus (1) from -ς-ω: ἀκούω, αὕω burn, γεύω, εὕω, ζέω, θραύω, κρούω, νί_σομαι* (νινς-ομαι, cp. νός-τος), ξέω, σείω, τρέω*; (2) from -ς-yω ( cross488 d): ἀγαίομαι*, αἰδέομαι, ἀκέομαι (Hom. ἀκείομαι), ἀρκέω, γελάω, κείω* split, κλείω* (i.e. κλεέω) celebrate, κονί_ω*, λιλαίομαι*, μαίομαι*, ναίω* dwell, νεικέω (Hom. νεικείω), οἰνοβαρείω*, οἴομαι (from ὀΐομαι), πενθέω (Hom. πενθείω), πτίττω (πτινς-yω), τελέω (Hom. τελείω), and some others that do not lengthen the vowel of the verb-stem ( cross488).

Also others, such as ἀρέσκω (ἀρες-), ἕννυ_μι, ζώννυ_μι, σβέννυ_μι ( cross732).—ς is retained in τέρσομαι*.

b. ϝ-stems (from -w-yω): γαίω*, δαίω* kindle, καίω ( cross520), κλαίω ( cross520), ναίω* swim, flow ι 222.—For the loss of ϝ in θέω, etc., see cross43, cross503.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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