Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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518

(II) Presents in -αινω and -αιρω are formed from verb-stems in -αν and -αρ, the y being thrown back to unite with the vowel of the verb-stem ( cross111). Thus, φαίνω show (φαν-yω), ὀνομαίνω name (ὀνομαν-yω), χαίρω rejoice (χαρ-yω).

a. Many verbs add -yω to the weak form of the stem, as ὀνομαίν-ω for ὀνομαν-yω from ὀνομ-yω, cp. nomen ( cross35 b).

b. Hom. has κυ_δαίνω and κυ_δάνω honour, μελαίνω blacken and μελάνω grow black. ὀλισθαίνω slip is late for ὀλισθάνω.

c. The ending αινω has been attached, by analogy, in θερμαίνω make hot, etc. ( cross620 III, 866.7). Likewise -υ_νω ( cross519) in poetic ἀρτύ_νω prepare, parallel to ἀρτύ_ω (in composition), by analogy to βαρύ_νω weigh down, ἡδύ_νω sweeten.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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