Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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318

Comparison by -ι_ων, -ιστος.—Some adjectives add to the root of the positive the endings -ι_ων for the masculine and feminine, -ι_ον

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for the neuter to form the comparative, and -ιστος -η -ον to form the superlative. The vowel (or the syllable ρο) standing before ς of the nominative is thus lost.

POSITIVECOMPARATIVESUPERLATIVE
ἡδ-ύ-ς sweet (ἡ ἡδ-ονή pleasure) ἡδ-ί_ωνἥδ-ιστος
ταχ-ύ-ς swift (τὸ τάχ-ος swiftness) θά_ττων ( cross112, cross125 f)τάχ-ιστος
μέγ-α-ς great (τὸ μέγ-εθος greatness) μείζων ( cross116) μέγ-ιστος
ἀλγεινός painful (τὸ ἄλγ-ος pain) ἀλγ-ί_ωνἄλγ-ιστος
αἰσχ-ρό-ς shameful (τὸ αἶσχ-ος shame) αἰσχ-ί_ωναἴσχ-ιστος
ἐχθ-ρό-ς hateful, hostile (τὸ ἔχθ-ος hate) ἐχθ-ί_ωνἔχθ-ιστος

Forms in -ί_ων are declined like βελτί_ων ( cross293), those in -ιστος like ἀγαθός ( cross287).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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