Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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290

Contracted Adjectives.—Most adjectives in -εος and -οος are contracted. Examples: χρύ_σεος golden, ἀργύρεος of silver, ἁπλόος simple (feminine ἁπλέα_).

SINGULAR
N. V. (χρύ_σεος) χρυ_σοῦς (χρυ_σέα_) χρυ_σῆ (χρύ_σεον) χρυ_σοῦν
Gen. (χρυ_σέου) χρυ_σοῦ (χρυ_σέα_ς) χρυ_σῆς (χρυ_σέου) χρυ_σοῦ
Dat. (χρυ_σέῳ) χρυ_σῷ (χρυ_σέᾳ) χρυ_σῇ (χρυ_σέῳ) χρυ_σῷ
Acc. (χρύ_σεον) χρυ_σοῦν (χρυ_σέα_ν) χρυ_σῆν (χρύ_σεον) χρυ_σοῦν

DUAL
N. A. V. (χρυ_σέω) χρυ_σώ (χρυ_σέα_) χρυ_σᾶ (χρυ_σέω) χρυ_σώ
G. D. (χρυ_σέοιν) χρυ_σοῖν (χρυ_σέαιν) χρυ_σαῖν (χρυ_σέοιν) χρυ_σοῖν

PLURAL
N. V. (χρύ_σεοι) χρυ_σοῖ (χρύ_σεαι) χρυ_σαῖ (χρύ_σεα) χρυ_σᾶ
Gen. (χρυ_σέων) χρυ_σῶν (χρυ_σέων) χρυ_σῶν (χρυ_σέων) χρυ_σῶν
Dat. (χρυ_σέοις) χρυ_σοῖς (χρυ_σέαις) χρυ_σαῖς (χρυ_σέοις) χρυ_σοῖς
Acc. (χρυ_σέους) χρυ_σοῦς (χρυ_σέα_ς) χρυ_σᾶς (χρύ_σεα) χρυ_σᾶ

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SINGULAR
N. V. (ἀργύρεος) ἀργυροῦς (ἀργυρέα_) ἀργυρᾶ (ἀργύρεον) ἀργυροῦν
Gen. (ἀργυρέου) ἀργυροῦ (ἀργυρέα_ς) ἀργυρᾶς (ἀργυρέου) ἀργυροῦ
Dat. (ἀργυρέῳ) ἀργυρῷ (ἀργυρέᾳ) ἀργυρᾷ (ἀργυρέῳ) ἀργυρῷ
Acc. (ἀργύρεον) ἀργυροῦν (ἀργυρέα_ν) ἀργυρᾶν (ἀργύρεον) ἀργυροῦν

DUAL
N. A. V. (ἀργυρέω) ἀργυρώ (ἀργυρέα_) ἀργυρᾶ (ἀργυρέω) ἀργυρώ
G. D. (ἀργυρέοιν) ἀργυροῖν (ἀργυρέαιν) ἀργυραῖν (ἀργυρέοιν) ἀργυροῖν

PLURAL
N. V. (ἀργύρεοι) ἀργυροῖ (ἀργύρεαι) ἀργυραῖ (ἀργύρεα) ἀργυρᾶ
Gen. (ἀργυρέων) ἀργυρῶν (ἀργυρέων) ἀργυρῶν (ἀργυρέων) ἀργυρῶν
Dat. (ἀργυρέοις) ἀργυροῖς (ἀργυρέαις) ἀργυραῖς (ἀργυρέοις) ἀργυροῖς
Acc. (ἀργυρέους) ἀργυροῦς (ἀργυρέα_ς) ἀργυρᾶς (ἀργύρεα) ἀργυρᾶ

SINGULAR
N. V. (ἁπλόος) ἁπλοῦς (ἁπλέα_) ἁπλῆ (ἁπλόον) ἁπλοῦν
Gen. (ἁπλόου) ἁπλοῦ (ἁπλέα_ς) ἁπλῆς (ἁπλόου) ἁπλοῦ
Dat. (ἁπλόῳ) ἁπλῷ (ἁπλέᾳ) ἁπλῇ (ἁπλόῳ) ἁπλῷ
Acc. (ἁπλόον) ἁπλοῦν (ἁπλέα_ν) ἁπλῆν (ἁπλόον) ἁπλοῦν

DUAL
N. A. V. (ἁπλόω) ἁπλώ (ἁπλέα_) ἁπλᾶ (ἁπλόω) ἁπλώ
G. D. (ἁπλόοιν) ἁπλοῖν (ἁπλέαιν) ἁπλαῖν (ἁπλόοιν) ἁπλοῖν

PLURAL
N. V. (ἁπλόοι) ἁπλοῖ (ἁπλέαι) ἁπλαῖ (ἁπλόα) ἁπλᾶ
Gen. (ἁπλόων) ἁπλῶν (ἁπλέων) ἁπλῶν (ἁπλόων) ἁπλῶν
Dat. (ἁπλόοις) ἁπλοῖς (ἁπλέαις) ἁπλαῖς (ἁπλόοις) ἁπλοῖς
Acc. (ἁπλόους) ἁπλοῦς (ἁπλέα_ς) ἁπλᾶς (ἁπλόα) ἁπλᾶ

a. So χαλκοῦς, -ῆ, -οῦν brazen, φοινι_κοῦς, -ῆ, -οῦν crimson, πορφυροῦς, -ᾶ, -οῦν dark red, σιδηροῦς, -ᾶ, -οῦν of iron, διπλοῦς, -ῆ, -οῦν twofold, and other multiplicatives in -πλοῦς ( cross354 b). Compounds of two endings ( cross288): εὔνους, -ουν (εὔνοος) well disposed, ἄπλους, -ουν (ἄπλοος) not navigable, εὔρους, -ουν (εὔροος) fair-flowing. These have open οα in the neuter plural.

b. The vocative and dual of contracted adjectives are very rare.

c. Adjectives whose uncontracted form in the nom. sing. has the accent on the antepenult (χρύ_σεος, πορφύρεος) take in the contracted form a circumflex on their last syllable (χρυ_σοῦς, πορφυροῦς) by analogy to the gen. and dat. sing. The accent of the nom. dual masculine and neuter is also irregular (χρυ_σώ, not χρυ_σῶ).

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d. For peculiarities of contraction see cross56. ἁπλῆ is from ἁπλέα_, not from ἁπλόη.

e. Some adjectives are not contracted: ἀργαλέος difficult, κερδαλέος crafty, νέος young, ὄγδοος eighth, ἀθρόος crowded (usually). (Here εο and οο were probably separated originally by ϝ, 3.)

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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