Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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254

Variation of Quantity.—a. In poetry the quantity of ι in words in -ις may differ from that of prose; as in tragedy ὄρνις bird, κόνι_ς dust, ὄφι_ς serpent (in prose ὄρνι_ς, κόνις, ὄφις); so in Pind. ἰχθυς (prose ἰχθύ_ς) fish.

b. κῆρυξ herald, Φοῖνιξ Phoenician, μάστιξ whip have long υ and ι in the oblique cases except the dat. pl. (κήρυ_κος, Φοίνι_κι, μάστι_γα, etc.). ἀλώπηξ fox has ε in the gen. ἀλώπεκος, etc., by analogy to such words as ποιμήν, ποιμένος (ἀλωπήκων occurs in Ionic). πῦρ fire has πυρός, πυρί, etc. ( cross285, cross25).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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