Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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GENERAL RULES FOR THE ACCENT OF NOUNS 205

Substantives and adjectives accent, in the oblique cases, the same syllable as is accented in the nominative, provided the ultima permits ( cross163); otherwise the following syllable receives the accent.

1 decl. θάλαττα, θαλάττης, θαλάττῃ, θάλατταν, θάλατται ( cross169), θαλάτταις, θαλάττα_ς.

2 decl. ἄνθρωπος, ἀνθρώπου, ἀνθρώπῳ, ἄνθρωπον, ἄνθρωποι ( cross169), ἀνθρώπων, ἀνθρώποις, ἀνθρώπους.

3 decl. λέων, λέοντος, λέοντι, λέοντα, λέοντες, λεόντων.

Adj.: ἄξιος ( cross287), ἀξία_, ἄξιον, ἀξίου, ἀξία_ς, ἀξίῳ, ἀξίᾳ, ἀξίων, ἀξίοις. χαρίεις ( cross299), χαρίεντος, χαρίεντι, χαρίεντα, χαριέντων.

206

The character of the accent depends on the general laws ( cross167, cross168, cross176). Thus, νί_κη, ϝῖκαι ( cross169); δῶρον, δώρου, δῶρα; σῶμα, σώματος, σωμάτων, σώματα.

207

Oxytones of the first and second declensions are perispomena in the genitive and dative of all numbers: σκιά_, σκιᾶς, σκιᾷ, σκιῶν, σκιαῖς; θεός, θεοῦ, θεῷ, θεῶν, θεοῖς; φανερός, φανεροῦ, φανερῷ, φανερῶν, φανεροῖς.

208

The genitive plural of all substantives of the first declension has the circumflex on the ω of -ων. Thus, νί_κη νι_κῶν; θάλαττα θαλαττῶν; πολί_της πολι_τῶν; νεα_νία_ς νεα_νιῶν.

209

The fem. gen. plural of adjectives and participles in -ος has the same accent and form as the masculine and neuter. Thus, δίκαιος, gen. pl. δικαίων (in all genders); λυόμενος, gen. pl. λυομένων (in all genders).

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210CASE ENDINGS OF NOUNS

VOWEL DECLENSIONCONSONANT DECLENSION
SINGULAR
Masc. and Fem.NeuterMasc. and Fem.Neuter
Nom. or none or nonenone
Gen. or -ιο-ος
Dat.
Acc. or none
Voc.nonenone or like Nom.none
DUAL
N. A. V.none
G. D.-ιν-οιν
PLURAL
N. V.-ες
Gen.-ων-ων
Dat.-ις (-ισι) -σι, -σσι, -εσσι
Acc.-νς (-α_ς) -νς, -ας

a. The stem may undergo a change upon its union with the case ending, as in the genitive plural of the first declension ( cross213). Cp. cross258, cross264, 268, etc.

b. In the vowel declension, of the nominative plural is borrowed from the inflection of pronouns (ἐκεῖνο-ι).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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