Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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51

(III) Unlike Vowels.—Unlike vowels are assimilated, either the second to the first (progressive assimilation) or the first to the second (regressive assimilation).

a. An o sound always prevails over an a or e sound: ο or ω before or after α, and before η, forms ω. οε and εο form ου (a spurious diphthong, 6). Thus, τι_μάομεν τι_μῶμεν, αἰδόα αἰδῶ, ἥρωα ἥρω, τι_μάω τι_μῶ, δηλόητε δηλῶτε; but φιλέομεν φιλοῦμεν, δηλόετον δηλοῦτον.

b. When α and ε or η come together the vowel sound that precedes prevails, and we have α_ or η: ὅραε ὅρα_, τι_μάητε τί_μᾶτε, ὄρεα ὄρη.

c. υ rarely contracts: υ ι υ_ in ἰχθύ_διον from ἰχθυίδιον small fish; υ ε strictly never becomes υ_ ( cross273).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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