Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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38

α_ arises from αι upon the loss of its ι ( cross43) in ἀ_εί always (from αἰεί), ἀ_ετός eagle (αἰετός), κλά_ει weeps (κλαίει), ἐλά_α_ olive-tree (ἐλαία_, cp. Lat. oliva).

a. This change took place only when αι was followed by ϝ (αἰϝεί, αἰϝετός from ἀϝιετος, κλαιϝει from κλαϝιει, 111, cross128) or ι (Θηβα_ίς the Thebaïd from Θηβαιίς); and only when ϝ or ι was not followed by ο.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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