Stops (or mutes). Stopped consonants are so called because in sounding them the breath passage is for a moment completely closed. The stops are divided into three classes (according to the part of the mouth chiefly active in sounding them) and into three orders (according to the degree of force in the expiratory effort).
|Labial (lip sounds)||π||β||φ|
|Dental (teeth sounds)||τ||δ||θ|
|Palatal (palate sounds)||κ||γ||χ|
a. The dentals are sometimes called
Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].