Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].

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171

Contraction.—If either of the syllables to be contracted had an accent, the contracted syllable has an accent. Thus:

a. A contracted antepenult has the acute: φιλεόμενος φιλούμενος.

b. A contracted penult has the circumflex when the ultima is short; the acute, when the ultima is long: φιλέουσι φιλοῦσι, φιλεόντων φιλούντων.

c. A contracted ultima has the acute when the uncontracted form was oxytone: ἑσταώς ἑστώς; otherwise, the circumflex: φιλέω φιλῶ.

N. 1.—A contracted syllable has the circumflex only when, in the uncontracted form, an acute was followed by the (unwritten) grave ( cross155, cross156). Thus, Περικλέὴς Περικλῆς, τι_μάὼ τι_μῶ. In all other cases we have the acute: φιλὲόντων φιλούντων, βεβὰώς βεβώς.

N. 2.—Exceptions to 171 are often due to the analogy of other forms ( cross236 a, cross264 e, 279 a, 290 c, 309 a).

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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