Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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FINAL CONSONANTS 133

No consonant except ν, ρ, or ς (including ξ and ψ) can stand at the end of a Greek word. All other consonants are dropped.

a. Exceptions are the proclitics ( cross179) ἐκ out of, derived from ἐξ (cp. cross104, cross136), and οὐκ not, of which οὐ is another form ( cross137).

b. Examples of dropped final consonants: σῶμα body for σωματ (gen. σώματος); παῖ oh boy for παιδ (gen. παιδ-ός); γάλα milk for γαλακτ (gen. γάλακτ-ος); φέρον bearing for φεροντ (gen. φέροντ-ος); κῆρ heart for κηρδ, cp. καρδ-ία_; ἄλλο for ἀλyοδ ( cross110), cp. Lat. aliud; ἔφερε- (τ) was carrying, ἔφερο-ν (τ) were carrying ( cross464 c, e).

c. An original final m preceded by a vowel becomes ν, cp. ἵππον with Lat. equum. So ἕν one from ἑμ ( cross349 a), Lat. sem-el, ἅμα once.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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