Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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Synizesis may occur between two words when the first ends in a long vowel or diphthong. This is especially the case with δή

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now, or, (interrog.), μή not, ἐπεί since, ἐγώ I, oh; as ἦ ου' O 18.

a. The term synizesis is often restricted to cases where the first vowel is long. Where the first vowel is short, ε, ι were sounded nearly like y; υ nearly like ω. Cp. cross44 a. The single syllable produced by synizesis is almost always long.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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