Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].

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1

The Greek alphabet has twenty-four letters.

FormNameEquivalentsSound
as in
Ααἄλφαalphaaă: aha; ā: father
Βββῆταbētabbeg
Γγγάμμαgammaggo
Δδδέλταdeltaddig
Εεεἶ, ἔ (ἒ ψι_λόν) ĕpsīlonĕmet
Ζζζῆταzētazdaze
ΗηἦταētaēFr. fête
Θθ, υθῆταthētaththin
Ιιἰῶταiōtaiĕ: meteor; ī: police
Κκκάππαkappac, kkin
Λλλάμβδαlambdallet
Μμμῦmummet
Νννῦnunnet
Ξξξεῖ (ξῖ) xixlax
Οοοὖ, ὄ (ὂ μι_κρόν) ŏmīcronŏobey
Πππεῖ (πῖ) pippet
Ρρῥῶrhorrun
Σς, ςσίγμαsigmassuch
Ττταῦtauttar
Υυ (ὖ ψι_λόν) üpsīlon (u) yŭ: Fr. tu; ū: Fr. sûr
Φφφεῖ (φῖ) phiphgraphic
Χχχεῖ (χῖ) chichGerm. machen
Ψψψεῖ (ψῖ) psipsgypsum
Ωω (ὦ μέγα) ōmĕgaōnote

a. Sigma (not capital) at the end of a word is written ς, elsewhere ς. Thus, σεισμός earthquake.

b. The names in parentheses, from which are derived those in current use, were given at a late period, some as late as the Middle Ages. Thus, epsilon means ‘simple e,’ upsilonsimple u,’ to distinguish these letters from αι, οι, which were sounded like ε and υ.

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c. Labda is a better attested ancient name than lambda.

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Herbert Weir Smyth [n.d.], A Greek Grammar for Colleges; Machine readable text [info] [word count] [Smyth].
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