Henry George Liddell; Robert Scott [1940], A Greek-English Lexicon; Machine readable text (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [greatscott68].
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ΣΣ Σ ςΣ ς, σίγμα or σῖγμα (both accents are found in codd.), τό, twentyfirst letter of the Etruscan abecedaria, IG14.2420, and prob. of the oldest Gr. alphabets (corresponding to the twenty-first Hebrew letter

   A shin <*>, Phoenician Ω, Syria 6.103), but eighteenth of the Ion. alphabet: as numeral σ = 200, but σ' = 200,000: a semi-vowel, Arist.Po.1456b28, cf. Pl.Tht.203b.    A the oldest forms expressing this sound were Μ (which is however the old eighteenth letter, q.v.), also Σ and ς; compared to a twisted curl, E.Fr.382.7, Theodect.6; to a Scythian bow, Agatho 4; after this, but yet early, it took the shape of a semicircle <*>, whence Aeschrio (Fr.1) calls the new moon τὸ καλὸν οὐρανοῦ νέον σῖγμα: hence the orchestra is called τὸ τοῦ θεάτρου σῖγμα, Phot., AB 286: and Lat. writers used sigma of a semicircular couch, Mart.10.48.6, etc.; cf. σιγμοειδής. The rare form <*> is used in the numbering of building-stones in Berl.Sitzb.1888.1234, 1242 (Pergam.). From final ς must be disting uished the character ς = 6, v. ϝ ϝ (sixth letter).    B the name σίγμα ( σῖγμα) was usu. indeclinable, τοῦ σῖγμα Pl. l.c., Cra.402e, 427a, Ath.10.455c, Lyd.Mens.1.21 (v.l. σίγματος) ; τῷ σῖγμα Gal.UP2.14, al.; τῶν σῖγμα Pl.Com.30; τὰ σίγμα τὰ ἐπὶ τῶν ἀσπίδων X.HG4.4.10, cf. Hellad. ap. Phot.Bibl.p.532 B.; later declined, τοῦ σίγματος Eust.1389.15; σίγμασιν Id.905.7.    2 we also hear of another name σάν [ᾰ], τό, ta\ ou)no/mata/ sfi (sc. τοῖσι Πέρσῃσι) τελευτῶσι πάντα ἐς τὠυτὸ γράμμα, τὸ Δωριέες μὲν σὰν καλέουσι, Ἴωνες δὲ σίγμα Hdt.1.139, cf. Pi.Dith.Oxy.1604 Fr. 1 ii 3, Ath.11.467a; as name of the fourth and tenth letters in Θρασύμαχος, and of the sixth in Διονύσο (υ), Epigr. ap. Ath.10.454f, Achae.33.4; cf. the compd. σαμ-φόρας: σάν and σίγμα were evidently pronounced alike; it is conjectured that σάν is originally the name of the old eighteenth letter. σ'σ', by apostr. for σέ; also, though rarely, for σοί;

   A v. σύ.    II for σά, but in Hom. only in phrases τὰ σ' αὐτοῦ, τὰ σ' αὐτῆς, Od.14.185, Il.6.490, al.; so, in Trag. and later Poets, τὰ σ' S.OT329,405, Ph.339, El.1499, E.Supp.456. σᾶσᾶ, fem. sg. and neut. pl. of σῶς. σά μάνσά μάν; Doric (Megarian) for τί μήν; Ar.Ach.757,784; Boeot. τά Pi.O.1.82. (From Τ

   A yα (*q[uglide]ya), neut.pl.of τίς, cf. ἅ-σσα, ἅ-ττα, Lat.quia.) σάἁμονσάἁμον, τό, Lacon. for σήσαμον (q.v.). ΣαβαζιασταίΣᾰβαζιασταί, οἱ,

   A worshippers of Sabazius, IG22.1335.4 (ii B.C.). ΣαβάζιοςΣᾰβάζιος, , (Σαβός) a Phrygian deity, whose mysteries resembled the τελεταί of Dionysus, Thphr.Char.27.8 (but Σαβάδιον [acc.] ib.16.4, cf. Dessau Inscr.Lat.Sel.2189), Nymphis 11; hence afterwards taken as a name of Dionysus himself, Ar.V.9, Av.875, Lys.388;

   A θεῷ Σαβαζίῳ παγκοιράνῳ CIG3791 (Bithynia), cf. IG12(5).27 (Sicinus); Δὶ Σαβαζίῳ BMus.Inscr.1100 (Italy, iii A.D.); Διὶ Σεβαζίῳ (sic) Supp.Epigr.1.302 (Thrace): also Σαόαζος AJA3(1887).363 (Phrygia); τοῦ Διὸς Σαουάζου IGRom.4.889(ibid.); Σαβάδιος, Gloss.    II Adj. Σᾰβάζιος, α, ον, Bacchic, θύσθλα cj. in Opp.C.1.26; τὰ Σαβάζια Str.10.3.18. ΣαβάζωΣᾰβάζω,= εὐάζω, Nymphis 11; written σαββάζειν in Sch.Patm. D. in BCH1.145. σαβάζωσᾰβάζω,

   A shake violently, scatter, in aor. part. σαβάξας, Hsch., Phot. σαβαῖσᾰβαῖ, a Bacchanalian cry,

   A like εὐαί, εὐοῖ, Eup.84. σαβακάθιονσᾰβᾰκάθιον [κᾰ], τό,= σάβανον, Hsch.

   A s.v. κεκρύφαλος, POxy. 2002v.4 (vi A.D.); [σα]βακάτια (pl.) prob. in PCornell 29.2 (prob. ii A.D.): also σαββακάθιον, Phot. s.v. κεκρύφαλον, σᾰβάκᾰνον, Hsch. s.v. κρύφαλον. σαβακόςσᾰβᾰκός, ή, όν,= σαθρός (Chian), Hsch.    2 feeble, Hp.Morb. 1.31; effeminate, σαβακῶν σαλμακίδων AP7.222 (Phld.): neut. sg. written σαβακουν,= quassum, Gloss. σαβάκτηςσᾰβάκτης, ου, , (σαβάζω)

   A shatterer, destroyer, of a mischievous goblin who broke pots, Hom.Epigr.14.9: fem. pl. σαβακτίδες· ὀστράκινα ζῴδια, Hsch. σαβάνιονσᾰβάν-ιον [βᾰ], τό, Dim. of sq., POxy.1729.7 (iv A.D.), PGen.80 (prob. iv A.D.), Gloss. σάβανονσᾰβαν-ον, τό,

   A linen cloth or towel, Hippiatr.97, al., Sammelb.7033.40 (pl., v A.D.), PKlein.Form.83 (vi A.D.), Alex. Trall.Febr.4, Cat.Cod.Astr.6.64; cf. σαβακάθιον. σαβανοφακιάριονσᾰβᾰνοφᾰκιάριον, τό,

   A face-cloth, POxy.921.11 (iii A.D.). σαβαρίχιςσαβαρίχις, ,

   A pudenda muliebria, Telecl.64; also σαβαρίχη, Hsch., Phot., or σαμαρίχη, Theognost.Can.118; σάραβος, Phot. ΣαβασμόςΣᾰβασμός, , (Σαβάζω)

   A feast of Sabazius or Dionysus, Nymphis 11. ΣαβάτΣαβάτ, ,

   A v. Σάββατον 3. σαβαύτιασαβαύτια, τά, an unknown agricultural product, dub.in PRyl.172.25 (iii A.D.). ΣαββατεῖονΣαββᾰτ-εῖον, τό,

   A a house in which the Sabbath service was held, perhaps a synagogue, Decr. ap. J.AJ16.6.2. ΣαββατίζωΣαββᾰτ-ίζω, fut.

   A -ιῶ LXX 1 Es. 1.58:—keep Sabbath, ib.Ex.16.30, al.; ἡ γῆ σ. τὰ σάββατα αὐτῆς keeps Sabbath by resting untilled, ib.2 Ch.36.21. ΣαββατικόςΣαββᾰτ-ικός, ή, όν, Sabbatical, J.AJ14.10.6, BJ7.5.1;

   A σ. ἡμέρα Vett.Val.26.12; Σ. πόθος love for a Jew, AP5.159 (Mel.). ΣαββατισμόςΣαββᾰτ-ισμός, ,

   A a keeping of days of rest, Ep. Hebr.4.9, cf. Plu.2.166a (codd., βαπτισμούς Bentley). ΣαββατιστήςΣαββᾰτ-ιστής, οῦ, , member of a religious sect of

   A sabbath-keepers, OGI573 (Cilicia, i B.C./i A.D.). ΣάββατονΣάββᾰτ-ον, τό, the Hebrew Sabbath, i.e. Rest (

   A δηλοῖ δὲ ἀνάπαυσιν . . τὸ ὄνομα J.AJ1.1.1), LXX Ex. 16.23, al., Ev.Marc.6.2,al.: freq. in pl. of the single day, PCair.Zen.762.6 (iii B.C.), LXX 4 Ki. 4.23; ὀψὲ σαββάτων Ev.Matt.28.1; ἡ ἡμέρα τῶν σ. LXX Nu.15.32, Ev.Luc.4.16, al. (but ἡ ἡμ. τοῦ σ. ib.13.14): heterocl. dat. pl. σάββασι (ν) LXX 1 Ma.2.38, J.BJ1.7.3, al., Ev.Marc.2.23, al., freq. with v.l. σαββάτοις; but σάββασι is certain in AP5.159 (Mel.).    2 period of seven days, week, εἰς μίαν σαββάτων toward the first day of the week, Ev.Matt.28.1; κατὰ μίαν σαββάτου 1 Ep.Cor.16.2; πρώτῃ σαββάτου Ev.Marc.16.9; τῇ μιᾷ τῶν σ. ib.2, Ev.Jo.20.1; δὶς τοῦ σ. Ev.Luc.18.12.    3 Σαβάτ, the 11th month of the Hebr. year, nearly = February, LXX 1 Ma.16.14. σαββάτωσιςσαββάτωσις, εως, and σαββώ, οῦς, , a

   A disease of the groin in Egypt, Apion ap.J.Ap.2.2. σάβειροςσάβειρος· σάβειρος, σάβειος, κόραξ, Hsch. σαβῆρον· τὸ δακτύλιον, Id. σάβηττοι· κώνωπες, Id. ΣαβίναΣαβίνα (or Σαβῖνα, Hdn.Gr.1.258 [as woman's name]), ,= βράθυ, Hippiatr.22; ἕρβα Σ. Ps.-Dsc.1.76. (In both places given as Latin.) ΣαβῖνονΣαβῖνον ἔλαιον, oil

   A from over-ripe olives, opp. ὠμοτριβές, Gal.11.872, Aët.1.99, Alex.Trall.1.12; old oil, Paul.Aeg.7.3. σαβοῖσᾰβοῖ,

   A cry of the Σάβοι at the feast of Sabazius, εὐοῖ σαβοῖ D.18.260, Str.10.3.18, cf. Men.1060. ΣάβοςΣάβος or Σαβός,= Σαβάζιος, Orph.H.49.2, Phot.; σάβος· βακχεία, Hsch.:—hence Σάβοι, οἱ,

   A persons dedicated to the service of Sabazius, Bacchanals, Plu.2.671f; Phrygian word, acc. to St.Byz. s.v. Σάβοι. σάβουροςσάβουρος, ον,

   A without ballast, of a ship, AB401. σάβυττοςσάβυττος, ,

   A a fashion of cutting hair, Hsch.; σαβύττης, Phot.    II pudenda muliebria, Id.; σάβυττα, , Com.Adesp.1134. σαγάλινοςσαγάλινος, η, ον, emended by Salmasius to σαντάλινος,

   A of sandalwood (in view of Skt. candanam 'sandal-wood' and Gr. σάνδανον, q.v.), in Peripl.M.Rubr.36. σάγανασάγανα· σκεπάσματα, περιβόλαια, Hsch. (cf. ἄγανα and σαγήνη). σαγανάριοςσαγανάριος, , perh. an error for σαργανάριος,

   A basket-weaver, MAMA3.46 (Cilicia). σαγάπηνονσᾰγάπηνον, τό, a plant, prob.

   A Ferula persica, Gal.12.117; also its gum, Dsc.3.80, 81; and as Adj., ὀπὸς σαγαπηνός Gal. l.c., 13.567:—hence σαγᾰπηνίζω, smell or taste like it, Id.14.55. σάγαριςσάγᾰρις, εως Ion. ιος, ἡ; pl. σαγάρεις Ion. -ῑς:—a weapon used by the Scythian tribes, Hdt.1.215, 4.5;

   A ἀξίνας σαγάρις εἶχον Id.7.64; by the Amazons, Aristarch. in PAmh.2.12 ii 10; by the Persians, Amazons, Mossynoeci, etc., X.An.4.4.16, 5.4.13:—acc. to Hsch. single-edged, and joined by X. with κοπίς and μάχαιρα, Cyr. 1.2.9, 2.1.9, 4.2.22; double-edged acc. to AP6.94 (Phil.). σαγγάδηςσαγγάδης or σαγγάνδης, ου, , Persian word for

   A messenger, Gramm. post Phot. (ed. Pors.) s.v. Ὀροσάγγης. σάγγαθονσάγγαθον, τό, or σάγγαθος, or , name of some commodity, Ostr.Bodl. iii 262 (i A.D.). σαγγαικόνσαγγαικόν, τό, dub. sens., σ. βεβλημένον κ[όκ]κιν[ον ἐν] κ[ιβ]ωτ[ί]ωι Roussel

   A Cultes Égyptiens p.224.

-- 1580 --

σαγγάριοςσαγγάριος, ,

   A maker of τζάγγαι (a kind of shoe), Hsch. s.v. σκυτεύς; cf. τσαγγάριος. σάγγαρονσάγγαρον, τό, a kind of

   A boat or canoe, Peripl.M.Rubr.60. σάγδαςσάγδας or σαγδᾶς, ,

   A v. ψάγδας. σαγείρετονσαγείρετον· μετακλέπτην, Hsch. σαγεσφ[όροςσαγεσφ[όρος, , dub. in Sammelb.5224.62 (Fayum). σαγήσᾰγή, , a man's

   A pack, baggage, αὐτόφορτος οἰκεία σαγῇ, i.e. carrying his own baggage, etc., A.Ch.675; scrip, wallet, knapsack, Ion Trag.7: then, generally, harness, furniture, equipment, παντελῆ σαγὴν ἔχων A.Ch.560, cf. E.Rh.207; τοξήρης σ. Id.HF188; esp. armour, harness, S.Fr.1092 (prob.), cf. Ar.Fr.848, Men.1061, LXX 2 Ma.3.25; also in pl., φεράσπιδες σαγαί A.Pers.240 (troch.), cf. Th. 125 (lyr.), 391.    II later,= σάγμα 11, pack-saddle, PGoodsp.Cair.30 xxxviii 16 (ii A.D.), Babr.7.12, Poll.1.185, 10.54; καμήλου J.AJ1.19.10; also the padding of a saddle, Str.15.1.20. (From σάττω: hence πανσαγία or πασσαγία.—On the accent, v. Hdn.Gr.1.309.) σαγηναῖοςσᾰγην-αῖος, α, ον,

   A of a σαγήνη, AP6.23,192 (Arch.). σαγηνείασᾰγην-εία, ,

   A hunting and taking with the σαγήνη, Plu.2.730b, Him.Or.2.19. σαγηνεύςσᾰγην-εύς, έως, ,= sq., D.S.9.3, AP7.276 (Hegesipp.), 295 (Leon.), Plu.Pomp.73; gen. sg. written

   A σαγινέος MAMA3.411 (Corycus). σαγηνευτήρσᾰγην-ευτήρ, ῆρος, ,

   A one who fishes with the σαγήνη: hence, of a comb, πλατὺς τριχῶν σ. AP6.211 (Leon.). σαγηνευτήςσᾰγην-ευτής, οῦ, ,= foreg., Plu.2.966f, AP9.370 (Tib.Ill.). σαγηνεύωσᾰγην-εύω,

   A surround and take fish with a drag-net (σαγήνη), Lib.Or.11.258: metaph., sweep the whole population off the face of a country by forming a line and marching over it, a Persian practice, σ. ἀνθρώπους Hdt.6.31, Str.10.1.10, cf. D.L.3.33 (Pass.); ὥσπερ ἐν δικτύοις σεσαγηνευμένοι Hdn.4.9.6; σ. Σάμον sweep it clear of men, Hdt.3.149; so [ὡς] συνάψαντες . . τὰς χεῖρας σαγηνεύσαιεν πᾶσαν τὴν Ἐρετρικὴν οἱ στρατιῶται τοῦ Δάτιδος Pl.Lg.698d, cf. App.Mith.67, Philostr.VA1.23.    2 generally, catch as in a net, [σοφισταὶ] σ. τὼς νέως Lysis ap.Iamb.VP17.76, cf. Luc.Tim.25; σαγηνευθεὶς ὑπ' ἔρωτι AP11.52, cf. Hld.1.9; of Ares and Aphrodite, Luc.Gall.3, DDeor.15.3. σαγήνησᾰγήν-η, Cypr.ἁγάνα (v. ἄγανα and cf. σάγανα), ,

   A large drag-net for taking fish, seine, Ital. sagena, LXX Hb.1.15, al., Ev.Matt.13.47, Plu.2.169c, Luc.Tim.22, Pisc.51, etc.; σαγήνην βάλλειν Babr.4.1, 9.6; hunting-net, Id.43.8.    2 = ἐπίπλοος (c), Poll.2.169. σαγηνοβόλοςσᾰγηνο-βόλος, ,

   A one who casts the σαγήνη, fisherman, AP6.167 (Agath.), 10.10 (Arch.Jun.). σαγηνόδετοςσᾰγηνό-δετος, ον,

   A bound or attached to a net, ἅμμα ib.9.299 (Phil.). σαγηφορέωσᾰγηφορέω, (σάγος)

   A wear a cloak, Str.4.4.3. σαγινεύςσαγινεύς,

   A v. σαγηνεύς. σαγίονσαγίον (not σάγιον, Sch.D.T.p.195 H.), τό, Dim. of σάγος, PFlor. 76.32 (iii A.D.), PSI4.481.10 (v/vi A.D.). σαγίςσᾰγίς, ίδος, ,

   A wallet, Hsch. σαγλῶδες· πλαδαρὸν σῶμα, Id. σάγμασάγμα, ατος, τό, (σάττω) mostly in pl.,

   A covering, clothing, esp. like σάγος, large cloak, Ar.V.1142; covering of a shield, E.Andr.617, Ar. Ach.574.    II later, like σαγή 11, pack-saddle, Ostr.Bodl.i321 (ii B.C.), Str.15.1.20, POxy.326 (i A.D.); τὰ σ. τῶν ὑποζυγίων Plu. Pomp.41, cf. Arat.25; τῆς καμήλου LXX Ge.31.34; cj. in A.Pr. 463.    III pile, ὅπλων Plu.Cat.Ma.20. σαγματᾶςσαγμᾰτᾶς, , ,

   A saddler, PFlor.376.8 (iii A.D.). σαγμάτιονσαγμάτιον, τό, Dim. of

   A σάγμα 1, Arr.Epict.4.1.80. σαγματογήνησαγμᾰτογήνη, ,

   A an Indian stuff, Peripl.M.Rubr.14, cf. 6 (pl.). σαγματοποιόςσαγμᾰτο-ποιός, ,

   A saddler, Stud.Pal.3.119 (vi A.D.), Gloss. σαγματοράπτηςσαγμᾰτο-ράπτης, ου, ,

   A saddler, POxy.1883.3 (vi A.D.). σαγματοράφοςσαγμᾰτο-ράφος [ρᾰ], ,= foreg., PGoodsp.Cair.30 xxxviii 19 (ii A.D.). σαγολαίφεασαγολαίφεα, τά,

   A sails, οἱ κοινότεροι ap.Eust.1890.9. σάγοςσάγος [ᾰ], ,

   A coarse cloak, plaid, used by the Gauls, Plb.2.28.7, 2.30.1, D.S.5.30; by the Spaniards, App.Hisp.42; soldier's cloak, Lat. sagum, Plu.2.201c; σ. Ἀρσινοϊτικοί Peripl.M.Rubr.8; σ. Γαλλικός, Ἆφρος, Edict.Diocl.19.60,61; simply cloak or perh. blanket, POxy.1051.20 (iii A.D.); horse-cloth, Hippiatr.99 (so Lat. sagum, Cod.Theod.8.5.50, al.). σάγουρονσάγουρον· γυργάθιον, Hsch. σαγροῖς· κοπίς, ἢ πέλεκυς, Id. σαγύριον· ἄρτου κλάσμα, Id.
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Henry George Liddell; Robert Scott [1940], A Greek-English Lexicon; Machine readable text (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [greatscott68].
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