Henry George Liddell; Robert Scott [1940], A Greek-English Lexicon; Machine readable text (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [greatscott44].
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λόγοςλόγος, , verbal noun of λέγω (B), with senses corresponding to λέγω (B) II and III (on the various senses of the word v. Theo Sm.pp.72,73 H., An.Ox.4.327): common in all periods in Prose and Verse, exc. Epic, in which it is found in signf. derived from λέγω (B) 111, cf.infr. VI. 1 a:    I computation, reckoning (cf. λέγω (B) II).    1 account of money handled, σανίδες εἰς ἃς τὸν λ. ἀναγράφομεν IG12.374.191; ἐδίδοσαν τὸν λ. ib.232.2; λ. δώσεις τῶν μετεχείρισας χρημάτων Hdt.3.142, cf. 143; οὔτε χρήματα διαχειρίσας τῆς πόλεως δίδωμι λ. αὐτῶν οὔτε ἀρχὴν ἄρξας οὐδεμίαν εὐθύνας ὑπέχω νῦν αὐτῆς Lys.24.26; λ. ἀπενεγκεῖν Arist.Ath.54.1; ἐν ταῖς εὐθύναις τοῦ τοιούτου λ. ὑπεχέτω Pl.Lg.774b; τὸν τῶν χρημάτων λ. παρὰ τούτων λαμβάνειν D.8.47; ἀδικήματα εἰς ἀργυρίου λ. ἀνήκοντα Din.1.60; συνᾶραι λόγον μετά τινος settle accounts with, Ev.Matt.18.23, etc.; δεύτεροι λ. a second audit, Cod.Just.1.4.26.1; ὁ τραπεζιτικὸς λ. banking account, Theo Sm.p.73 H.: metaph., οὐκ ἂν πριαίμην οὐδενὸς λ. βροτόν S.Aj.477.    b public accounts, i. e. branch of treasury, ἴδιος λ., in Egypt, OGI188.2, 189.3, 669.38; also as title of treasurer, ib.408.4, Str.17.1.12; ὁ ἐπὶ τῶν λ. IPE2.29 A (Panticapaeum); δημόσιος λ., = Lat. fiscus, OGI669.21 (Egypt, i A.D.), etc. (but later, = aerarium, Cod.Just.1.5.15); also Καίσαρος λ. OGI669.30; κυριακὸς λ. ib.18.    2 generally, account, reckoning, μὴ φῦναι τὸν ἅπαντα νικᾷ λ. excels the whole account, i.e. is best of all, S.OC 1225 (lyr.); δόντας λ. τῶν ἐποίησαν accounting for, i.e. paying the penalty for their doings, Hdt.8.100; λ. αἰτεῖν Pl.Plt.285e; λ. δοῦναι καὶ δέξασθαι Id.Prt.336c, al.; λαμβάνειν λ. καὶ ἐλέγχειν Id.Men.75d; παρασχεῖν τῶν εἰρημένων λ. Id.R.344d; λ. ἀπαιτεῖν D.30.15, cf. Arist. EN1104a3; λ. ὑπέχειν, δοῦναι, D.19.95; λ. ἐγγράψαι Id.24.199, al.; λ. ἀποφέρειν τῇ πόλει Aeschin.3.22, cf. Eu. Luc.16.2, Ep.Hebr.13.17; τὸ παράδοξον τῶν συμβεβηκότων ὑπὸ λόγον ἄγειν Plb.15.34.2; λ. ἡ ἐπιστήμη, πολλὰ δὲ ὁ λ. the account is manifold, Plot.6.9.4; ἔχων λόγον τοῦ διὰ τί an account of the cause, Arist.APo.74b27; ἐς λ. τινός on account of, ἐς χρημάτων λ. Th.3.46, cf. Plb.5.89.6, LXX 2 Ma1.14, JRS 18.152 (Jerash); λόγῳ c. gen., by way of, Cod.Just.3.2.5. al.; κατὰ λόγον τοῦ μεγέθους if we take into account his size, Arist.HA517b27; πρὸς ὃν ἡμῖν ὁ λ. Ep.Hebr.4.13, cf. D.Chr.31.123.    3 measure, tale (cf. infr. 11.1), θάλασσα . . μετρέεται ἐς τὸν αὐτὸν λ. ὁκοῖος πρόσθεν Heraclit.31; ψυχῆς ἐστι λ. ἑαυτὸν αὔξων Id.115; ἐς τούτου (sc. γήραος) λ. οὐ πολλοί τινες ἀπικνέονται to the point of old age, Hdt.3.99, cf.7.9.β; ὁ ξύμπας λ. the full tale, Th.7.56, cf. Ep.Phil.4.15; κοινῷ λ. νομίσαντα common measure, Pl.Lg.746e; sum, total of expenditure, IG42(1).103.151 (Epid., iv B.C.); ὁ τῆς οὐσίας λ., = Lat. patrimonii modus, Cod.Just.1.5.12.20.    4 esteem, consideration, value put on a person or thing (cf. infr. VI. 2 d), οὗ πλείων λ. ἢ τῶν ἄλλων who is of more worth than all the rest, Heraclit.39; βροτῶν λ. οὐκ ἔσχεν οὐδέν' A.Pr.233; οὐ σμικροῦ λ. S.OC1163: freq. in Hdt., Μαρδονίου λ. οὐδεὶς γίνεται 8.102; τῶν ἦν ἐλάχιστος ἀπολλυμένων λ. 4.135, cf. E.Fr.94; περὶ ἐμοῦ οὐδεὶς λ. Ar.Ra.87; λόγου οὐδενὸς γίνεσθαι πρός τινος to be of no account, repute with.., Hdt.1.120, cf.4.138; λόγου ποιήσασθαί τινα make one of account, Id.1.33; ἐλαχίστου, πλείστου λ. εἶναι, to be highly, lowly esteemed, Id.1.143, 3.146; but also λόγον τινὸς ποιεῖσθαι, like Lat. rationem habere alicujus, make account of, set a value on, Democr.187, etc.: usu. in neg. statements, οὐδένα λ. ποιήσασθαί τινος Hdt.1.4, cf. 13, Plb.21.14.9, etc.; λ. ἔχειν Hdt.1.62,115; λ. ἴσχειν περί τινος Pl.Ti.87c; λ. ἔχειν περὶ τοὺς ποιητάς Lycurg.107; λ. ἔχειν τινός D.18.199, Arist.EN1102b32, Plu.Phil.18 (but also, have the reputation of . . , v. infr. VI. 2 e); ἐν οὐδενὶ λ. ποιήσασθαί τι Hdt.3.50; ἐν οὐδενὶ λ. ἀπώλοντο without regard, Id.9.70; ἐν σμικρῷ λ. εἶναι Pl.R.550a; ὑμεῖς οὔτ' ἐν λ. οὔτ' ἐν ἀριθμῷ Orac. ap. Sch.Theoc.14.48; ἐν ἀνδρῶν λ. [εἶναι] to be reckoned, count as a man, Hdt.3.120; ἐν ἰδιώτεω λόγῳ καὶ ἀτίμου reckoned as . . , Eus.Mynd.Fr. 59; σεμνὸς εἰς ἀρετῆς λ. καὶ δόξης D.19.142.    II relation, correspondence, proportion,    1 generally, ὑπερτερίης λ. relation (of gold to lead), Thgn.418 = 1164; πρὸς λόγον τοῦ σήματος A.Th.519; κατὰ λόγον προβαίνοντες τιμῶσι in inverse ratio, Hdt.1.134, cf. 7.36; κατὰ λ. τῆς ἀποφορῆς Id.2.109; τἄλλα κατὰ λ. in like fashion, Hp.VM16, Prog.17: c. gen., κατὰ λ. τῶν πρόσθεν ib. 24; κατὰ λ. τῶν ἡμερῶν Ar. Nu.619; κατὰ λ. τῆς δυνάμεως X. Cyr.8.6.11; ἐλάττω ἢ κατὰ λ. Arist. HA508a2, cf. PA671a18; ἐκ ταύτης ἐγένετο ἐκείνη κατὰ λ. Id.Pol. 1257a31; cf. εὔλογος: sts. with ὁ αὐτός added, κατὰ τὸν αὐτὸν λ. τῷ τείχεϊ in fashion like to . . , Hdt.1.186; περὶ τῶν νόσων ὁ αὐτὸς λ. analogously, Pl.Tht.158d, cf. Prm.136b, al.; εἰς τὸν αὐτὸν λ. similarly, Id.R.353d; κατὰ τὸν αὐτὸν λ. in the same ratio, IG12.76.8; by parity of reasoning, Pl.Cra.393c, R.610a, al.; ἀνὰ λόγον τινός, τινί, Id.Ti.29c, Alc.2.145d; τοῦτον ἔχει τὸν λ. πρὸς . . ὃν ἡ παιδεία πρὸς τὴν ἀρετήν is related to . . as . . , Procl.in Euc.p.20 F., al.    2 Math., ratio, proportion (ὁ κατ' ἀνάλογον λ., λ. τῆς ἀναλογίας, Theo Sm.p.73 H.), Pythag. 2; ἰσότης λόγων Arist.EN113a31; λ. ἐστὶ δύο μεγεθῶν ἡ κατὰ πηλικότητα ποιὰ σχέσις Euc.5 Def.3; τῶν ἁρμονιῶν τοὺς λ. Arist.Metaph.985b32, cf. 1092b14; λόγοι ἀριθμῶν numerical ratios, Aristox.Harm.p.32 M.; τοὺς φθόγγους ἀναγκαῖον ἐν ἀριθμοῦ λ. λέγεσθαι πρὸς ἀλλήλους to be expressed in numerical ratios, Euc.Sect.Can. Proëm.: in Metre, ratio between arsis and thesis, by which the rhythm is defined, Aristox.Harm.p.34 M.; ἐὰν ᾖ ἰσχυροτέρα τοῦ αἰσθητηρίου ἡ κίνησις, λύεται ὁ λ. Arist.de An. 424a31; ἀνὰ λόγον analogically, Archyt.2; ἀνὰ λ. μερισθεῖσα [ἡ ψυχή] proportionally, Pl. Ti.37a; so κατὰ λ. Men.319.6; πρὸς λόγον in proportion, Plb.6.30.3, 9.15.3 (but πρὸς λόγον ἐπὶ στενὸν συνάγεται narrows uniformly, Sor. 1.9, cf. Diocl.Fr.171); ἐπὶ λόγον IG5(1).1428 (Messene).    3 Gramm., analogy, rule, τῷ λ. τῶν μετοχικῶν, τῆς συγκοπῆς, by the rule of the participles, of syncope, Choerob. in Theod.1.75 Gaisf., 1.377 H.; εἰπέ μοι τὸν λ. τοῦ Αἴας Αἴαντος, τουτέστι τὸν κανόνα An.Ox. 4.328.    III explanation,    1 plea, pretext, ground, ἐκ τίνος λ.; A.Ch.515; ἐξ οὐδενὸς λ. S.Ph.731; ἀπὸ παντὸς λ. Id.OC762; χὠ λ. καλὸς προσῆν Id.Ph.352; σὺν ἀφανεῖ λ. Id.OT657 (lyr., v.l. λόγων) ; ἐν ἀφανεῖ λ. Antipho 5.59; ἐπὶ τοιούτῳ λ. Hdt.6.124; κατὰ τίνα λ.; on what ground? Pl.R.366b; οὐδὲ πρὸς ἕνα λ. to no purpose, Id.Prt. 343d; ἐπὶ τίνι λ.; for what reason? X.HG2.2.19; τὸν λ. τοῦτον this ground of complaint, Aeschin.3.228; τίνι δικαίῳ λ.; what just cause is there? Pl.Grg.512c; τίνι λ.; on what account? Act.Ap.10.29; κατὰ λόγον ἂν ἠνεσχόμην ὑμῶν reason would that . . , ib.18.14; λ. ἔχειν, with personal subject, εἶχον ἄν τινα λ. I (i.e. my conduct) would have admitted of an explanation, Pl.Ap.31b; τὸν ὀρθὸν λ. the true explanation, ib.34b.    b plea, case, in Law or argument (cf. VIII. I), τὸν ἥττω λ. κρείττω ποιεῖν to make the weaker case prevail, ib.18b, al., Arist.Rh.1402a24, cf. Ar.Nu.1042 (pl.); personified, ib.886, al.; ἀμύνεις τῷ τῆς ἡδονῆς λ. Pl.Phlb.38a; ἀνοίσεις τοὺς λ. αὐτῶν πρὸς τὸν θεόν LXXEx.18.19; ἐχειν λ. πρός τινα to have a case, ground of action against . . , Act.Ap.19.38.    2 statement of a theory, argument, οὐκ ἐμεῦ ἀλλὰ τοῦ λ. ἀκούσαντας prob. in Heraclit.50; λόγον ἠδὲ νόημα ἀμφὶς ἀληθείης discourse and reflection on reality, Parm.8.50; δηλοῖ οὗτος ὁ λ. ὅτι . . Democr.7; οὐκ ἔχει λόγον it is not arguable, i.e. reasonable, S.El.466, Pl.Phd.62d, etc.; ἔχει λ. D.44.32; οὐδεὶς αὐτὰ καταβαλεῖ λ. E.Ba.202; δίκασον . . τὸν λ. ἀκούσας Pl.Lg.696b; personified, φησὶ οὗτος ὁ λ. ib.714d, cf. Sph.238b, Phlb.50a; ὡς ὁ λ. (sc. λέγει) Arist.EN1115b12; ὡς ὁ λ. ὁ ὀρθὸς λέγει ib. 1138b20, cf. 29; ὁ λ. θέλει προσβιβάζειν Phld.Rh.1.41, cf.1.19 S.; οὐ γὰρ ἂν ἀκούσειε λόγου ἀποτρέποντος Arist.EN1179b27; λ. καθαίρων Aristo Stoic.1.88; λόγου τυγχάνειν to be explained, Phld.Mus.p.77 K.; ὁ τὸν λ. μου ἀκούων my teaching, Ev.Jo.5.24; ὁ προφητικὸς λ., collect., of VT prophecy, 2 Ep.Pet.1.19: pl., ὁκόσων λόγους ἤκουσα Heraclit.108; οὐκ ἐπίθετο τοῖς ἐμοῖς λ. Ar.Nu.73; of arguments leading to a conclusion (ὁ λ.), Pl. Cri.46b; τὰ Ἀναξαγόρου βιβλία γέμει τούτων τῶν λ. Id.Ap.26d; λ. ἀπὸ τῶν ἀρχῶν, ἐπὶ τὰς ἀρχάς, Arist.EN1095a31; συλλογισμός ἐστι λ. ἐν ᾧ τεθέντων τινῶν κτλ. Id.APr.24b18; λ. ἀντίτυπός τε καὶ ἄπορος, of a self-contradictory theory, Plot.6.8.7.    b ὁ περὶ θεῶν λ., title of a discourse by Protagoras, D.L.9.54; ὁ Ἀχιλλεὺς λ., name of an argument, ib.23; ὁ αὐξόμενος λ. Plu.2.559b; καταβάλλοντες (sc. λόγοι), title of work by Protagoras, S.E.M.7.60; λ. σοφιστικοί Arist.SE 165a34, al.; οἱ μαθηματικοὶ λ. Id.Rh.1417a19, etc.; οἱ ἐξωτερικοὶ λ., current outside the Lyceum, Id.Ph.217b31, al.; Δισσοὶ λ., title of a philosophical treatise (= Dialex.); Λ. καὶ Λογίνα, name of play of Epicharmus, quibble, argument, personified, Ath.8.338d.    c in Logic, proposition, whether as premiss or conclusion, πρότασίς ἐστι λ. καταφατικὸς ἢ ἀποφατικός τινος κατά τινος Arist.APr.24a16.    d rule, principle, law, as embodying the result of λογισμός, Pi.O.2.22, P.1.35, N.4.31; πείθεσθαι τῷ λ. ὃς ἄν μοι λογιζομένῳ βέλτιστος φαίνηται Pl.Cri.46b, cf. c; ἡδονὰς τοῖς ὀρθοῖς λ. ἑπομένας obeying right principles, Id.Lg.696c; προαιρέσεως [ἀρχὴ] ὄρεξις καὶ λ. ὁ ἕνεκά τινος principle directed to an end, Arist.EN1139a32; of the final cause, ἀρχὴ ὁ λ. ἔν τε τοῖς κατὰ τέχνην καὶ ἐν τοῖς φύσει συνεστηκόσιν Id.PA639b15; ἀποδιδόασι τοὺς λ. καὶ τὰς αἰτίας οὗ ποιοῦσι ἑκάστου ib.18; [τέχνη] ἕξις μετὰ λ. ἀληθοῦς ποιητική Id.EN1140a10; ὀρθὸς λ. true principle, right rule, ib.1144b27, 1147b3, al.; κατὰ λόγον by rule, consistently, ὁ κατὰ λ. ζῶν Pl.Lg.689d, cf. Ti.89d; τὸ κατὰ λ. ζῆν, opp. κατὰ πάθος, Arist.EN1169a5; κατὰ λ. προχωρεῖν according to plan, Plb.1.20.3.    3 law, rule of conduct, ᾧ μάλιστα διηνεκῶς ὁμιλοῦσι λόγῳ Heraclit.72; πολλοὶ λόγον μὴ μαθόντες ζῶσι κατὰ λόγον Democr.53; δεῖ ὑπάρχειν τὸν λ. τὸν καθόλου τοῖς ἄρχουσιν universal principle, Arist.Pol.1286a17; ὁ νόμος . . λ. ὢν ἀπό τινος φρονήσεως καὶ νοῦ Id.EN1180a21; ὁ νόμος . . ἔμψυχος ὢν ἑαυτῷ λ. conscience, Plu. 2.780c; τὸν λ. πρόχειρον ἔχειν precept, Phld.Piet.30, cf. 102; ὁ προστακτικὸς τῶν ποιητέων ἢ μὴ λ. κοινός M.Ant.4.4.    4 thesis, hypothesis, provisional ground, ὡς ἂν εἰ λέγοι λόγον maintain a thesis, Pl. Prt.344b; ὑποθέμενος ἑκάστοτε λ. provisionally assuming a proposition, Id.Phd.100a; τὸν τῆς ὁμοιότητος λ. hypothesis of equivalence, Arist.Cael.296a20.    5 reason, ground, πάντων γινομένων κατὰ τὸν λ. τόνδε Heraclit.1; οὕτω βαθὺν λ. ἔχει Id.45; ἐκ λόγου, opp. μάτην, Leucipp. 2; μέγιστον σημεῖον οὗτος ὁ λ. Meliss.8; [ἐμπειρία] οὐκ ἔχει λ. οὐδένα ὧν προσφέρει has no grounds for . . , Pl.Grg.465a; μετὰ λόγου τε καὶ ἐπιστήμης θείας Id.Sph.265c; ἡ μετα λόγου ἀληθὴς δόξα ( ἐπιστήμη) Id.Tht.201c; λόγον ζητοῦσιν ὧν οὐκ ἔστι λ. proof, Arist. Metaph.1011a12; οἱ ἁπάντων ζητοῦντες λ. ἀναιροῦσι λ. Thphr.Metaph. 26.    6 formula (wider than definition, but freq. equivalent thereto), term expressing reason, λ. τῆς πολιτείας Pl.R.497c; ψυχῆς οὐσία τε καὶ λ. essential definition, Id.Phdr.245e; ὁ τοῦ δικαίου λ. Id.R.343a; τὸν λ. τῆς οὐσίας ib.534b, cf. Phd.78d; τὰς πολλὰς ἐπιστήμας ἑνὶ λ. προσειπεῖν Id.Tht.148d; ὁ τῆς οἰκοδομήσεως λ. ἔχει τὸν τῆς οἰκίας Arist. PA646b3; τεθείη ἂν ἴδιον ὄνομα καθ' ἕκαστον τῶν λ. Id.Metaph.1006b5, cf. 1035b4; πᾶς ὁρισμὸς λ. τίς ἐστι Id.Top.102a5; ἐπὶ τῶν σχημάτων λ. κοινός generic definition, Id.de An.414b23; ἀκριβέστατος λ. specific definition, Id.Pol.1276b24; πηγῆς λ. ἔχον Ph.2.477; τὸ ᾠὸν οὔτε ἀρχῆς ἔχει λ. fulfils the function of . . , Plu.2.637d; λ. τῆς μίξεως formula, i. e. ratio (cf. supr. II) of combination, Arist.PA642a22, cf. Metaph.993a17.    7 reason, law exhibited in the world-process, κατὰ λόγον by law, κόσμῳ πάντα καὶ κατὰ λ. ἔχοντα Pl.R.500c; κατ τὸν <αὐτὸν αὖ> λ. by the same law, Epich.170.18; ψυχῆς τὸ πᾶν τόδε διοικούσης κατὰ λ. Plot.2.3.13; esp. in Stoic Philos., the divine order, τὸν τοῦ παντὸς λ. ὃν ἔνιοι εἱμαρμένην καλοῦσιν Zeno Stoic.1.24; τὸ ποιοῦν τὸν ἐν [τῇ ὕλῃ] λ. τὸν θεόν ibid., cf. 42; ὁ τοῦ κόσμου λ. Chrysipp.Stoic.2.264; λόγος, = φύσει νόμος, Stoic.2.169; κατὰ τὸν κοινὸν θεοῖς καὶ ἀνθρώποις λ. M.Ant.7.53; ὁ ὀρθὸς λ. διὰ πάντων ἐρχόμενος Chrysipp.Stoic.3.4: so in Plot., τὴν φύσιν εἶναι λόγον, ὃς ποιεῖ λ. ἄλλον γέννημα αὑτοῦ 3.8.2.    b σπερματικὸς λ. generative principle in organisms, ὁ θεὸς σπ. λ. τοῦ κόσμου Zeno Stoic.1.28: usu. in pl., Stoic. 2.205,314,al.; γίνεται τὰ ἐν τῷ παντὶ οὐ κατὰ σπερματικούς, ἀλλὰ κατὰ λ. περιληπτικούς Plot.3.1.7, cf.4.4.39: so without σπερματικός, ὥσπερ τινὲς λ. τῶν μερῶν Cleanth.Stoic.1.111; οἱ λ. τῶν ὅλων Ph.1.9.    c in Neo-Platonic Philos., of regulative and formative forces, derived from the intelligible and operative in the sensible universe, ὄντων μειζόνων λ. καὶ θεωρούντων αὑτοὺς ἐγὼ γεγέννημαι Plot.3.8.4; οἱ ἐν σπέρματι λ. πλάττουσι . . τὰ ζῷα οἷον μικρούς τινας κόσμους Id.4.3.10, cf.3.2.16,3.5.7; opp. ὅρος, Id.6.7.4; ἀφανεῖς λ. τῆς φύσεως Procl.in R.1.18 K.; τεχνικοὶ λ. ib.142 K., al.    IV inward debate of the soul (cf. λ. ὃν αὐτὴ πρὸς αὑτὴν ἡ ψυχὴ διεξέρχεται Pl.Tht.189e (διάλογος in Sph.263e); ὁ ἐν τῇ ψυχῇ, ὁ ἔσω λ. (opp. ὁ ἔξω λ.), Arist.APo.76b25, 27; ὁ ἐνδιάθετος, opp. ὁ προφορικὸς λ., Stoic.2.43, Ph.2.154),    1 thinking, reasoning, τοῦ λ. ἐόντος ξυνοῦ, opp. ἰδία φρόνησις, Heraclit. 2; κρῖναι δὲ λόγῳ . . ἔλεγχον test by reflection, Parm.1.36; reflection, deliberation (cf. VI.3), ἐδίδου λόγον ἑωυτῷ περὶ τῆς ὄψιος Hdt.1.209, cf. 34, S.OT583, D.45.7; μὴ εἰδέναι . . μήτε λόγῳ μήτε ἔργῳ neither by reasoning nor by experience, Anaxag.7; ἃ δὴ λόγῳ μὲν καὶ διανοίᾳ ληπτά, ὄψει δ' οὔ Pl.R.529d, cf. Prm.135e; ὁ λ. ἢ ἡ αἴσθησις Arist.EN 1149a35,al.; αὐτῷ μόνον τῷ λ. πιστεύειν (opp. αἰσθήσεις), of Parmenides and his school, Aristocl. ap. Eus.PE14.17: hence λόγῳ or τῷ λ. in idea, in thought, τῷ λ. τέμνειν Pl.R.525e; τῷ λ. δύο ἐστίν, ἀχώριστα πεφυκότα two in idea, though indistinguishable in fact, Arist. EN1102a30, cf. GC320b14, al.; λόγῳ θεωρητά mentally conceived, opp. sensibly perceived, Placit.1.3.5, cf. Demetr.Lac.Herc.1055.20; τοὺς λ. θεωρητοὺς χρόνους Epicur.Ep.1p.19U.; διὰ λόγου θ. χ. ib.p.10 U.; λόγῳ καταληπτός Phld.Po.5.20, etc.; ὁ λ. οὕτω αἱρέει analogy proves, Hdt.2.33; ὁ λ. or λ. αἱρέει reasoning convinces, Id.3.45,6.124, cf. Pl.Cri.48c (but, our argument shows, Lg.663d): also c. acc. pers., χρᾶται ὅ τι μιν λ. αἱρέει as the whim took him, Hdt.1.132; ἢν μὴ ἡμέας λ. αἱρῇ unless we see fit, Id.4.127, cf. Pl.R.607b; later ὁ αἱρῶν λ. ordaining reason, Zeno Stoic.1.50, M.Ant.2.5, cf. 4.24, Arr.Epict. 2.2.20, etc.: coupled or contrasted with other functions, καθ' ὕπνον ἐπειδὴ λόγου καὶ φρονήσεως οὐ μετεῖχε since reason and understanding are in abeyance, Pl.Ti.71d; μετὰ λόγου τε καὶ ἐπιστήμης, opp. αἰτία αὐτομάτη, of Nature's processes of production, Id.Sph.265c; τὸ μὲν δὴ νοήσει μετὰ λόγου περιληπτόν embraced by thought with reflection, opp. μετ' αἰσθήσεως ἀλόγου, Id.Ti.28a; τὸ μὲν ἀεὶ μετ' ἀληθοῦς λ., opp. τὸ δὲ ἄλογον, ib.51e, cf. 70d, al.; λ. ἔχων ἑπόμενον τῷ νοεῖν Id.Phlb. 62a; ἐπιστήμη ἐνοῦσα καὶ ὀρθὸς λ. scientific knowledge and right process of thought, Id.Phd.73a; πᾶς λ. καὶ πᾶσα ἐπιστήμη τῶν καθόλου Arist.Metaph.1059b26; τὸ λόγον ἔχον Id.EN1102b15, 1138b9, al.: in sg. and pl., contrasted by Pl. and Arist. as theory, abstract reasoning with outward experience, sts. with depreciatory emphasis on the former, εἰς τοὺς λ. καταφυγόντα Pl.Phd.99e; τὸν ἐν λόγοις σκοπούμενον τὰ ὄντα, opp. τὸν ἐν ἔργοις (realities), ib.100a; τῇ αἰσθήσει μᾶλλον τῶν λ. πιστευτέον Arist.GA760b31; γνωριμώτερα κατὰ τὸν λ., opp. κατὰ τὴν αἴσθησιν, Id.Ph.189a4; ἐκ τῶν λ. δῆλον, opp. ἐκ τῆς ἐπαγωγῆς, Id.Mete.378b20; ἡ τῶν λ. πίστις, opp. ἐκ τῶν ἔργων φανερόν, Id.Pol.1326a29; ἡ πίστις οὐ μόνον ἐπὶ τῆς αἰσθήσεως ἀλλὰ καὶ ἐπὶ τοῦ λ. Id.Ph.262a19; μαρτυρεῖ τὰ γιγνόμενα τοῖς λ. Id.Pol.1334a6; ὁ μὲν λ. τοῦ καθόλου, ἡ δὲ αἴσθησις τοῦ κατὰ μέρος explanation, opp. perception, Id.Ph.189a7; ἔσονται τοῖς λ. αἱ πράξεις ἀκόλουθοι theory, opp. practice, Epicur.Sent.25; in Logic, of discursive reasoning, opp. intuition, Arist.EN1142a26, 1143b1; reasoning in general, ib.1149a26; πᾶς λ. καὶ πᾶσα ἀπόδειξις all reasoning and demonstration, Id.Metaph.1063b10; λ. καὶ φρόνησιν Phld.Mus.p.105 K.; ὁ λ. ἢ λογισμός ibid.; τὸ ἰδεῖν οὐκέτι λ., ἀλλὰ μεῖζον λόγου καὶ πρὸ λόγου, of mystical vision, opp. reasoning, Plot.6.9.10.—Phrases, κατὰ λ. τὸν εἰκότα by probable reasoning, Pl.Ti.30b; οὔκουν τόν γ' εἰκότα λ. ἂν ἔχοι Id.Lg.647d; παρὰ λόγον, opp. κατὰ λ., Arist.Rh.Al.1429a29, cf. EN 1167b19; cf. παράλογος (but παρὰ λ. unexpectedly, E.Ba.940).    2 reason as a faculty, ὁ λ. ἀνθρώπους κυβερνᾷ [Epich.] 256; [θυμοειδὲς] τοῦ λ. κατήκοον Pl.Ti.70a; [θυμὸς] ὑπὸ τοῦ λ. ἀνακληθείς Id.R.440d; σύμμαχον τῷ λ. τὸν θυμόν ib. b; πειθαρχεῖ τῷ λ. τὸ τοῦ ἐγκρατοῦς Arist. EN 1102b26; ἄλλο τι παρὰ τὸν λ. πεφυκός, ὃ μάχεται τῷ λ. ib.17; ἐναντίωσις λόγου πρὸς ἐπιθυμίας Plot.4.7.13(8); οὐ θυμός, οὐκ ἐπιθυμία, οὐδὲ λ. οὐδέ τις νόησις Id.6.9.11: freq. in Stoic. Philos. of human Reason, opp. φαντασία, Zeno Stoic.1.39; opp. φύσις, Stoic.2.206; οὐ σοφία οὐδὲ λ. ἐστὶν ἐν [τοῖς ζῴοις] ibid.; τοῖς ἀλόγοις ζῴοις ὡς λ. ἔχων λ. μὴ ἔχουσι χρῶ M.Ant.6.23; ὁ λ. κοινὸν πρὸς τοὺς θεούς Arr.Epict. 1.3.3; οἷον [εἰκὼν] λ. ὁ ἐν προφορᾷ λόγου τοῦ ἐν ψυχῇ, οὕτω καὶ αὐτὴ λ. νοῦ Plot.5.1.3; τὸ τὸν λ. σχεῖν τὴν οἰκείαν ἀρετήν (sc. εὐδαιμονίαν) Procl.in Ti.3.334 D.; also of the reason which pervades the universe, θεῖος λ. [Epich.] 257; τὸν θεῖον λ. καθ' Ἡράκλειτον δι' ἀναπνοῆς σπάσαντες νοεροὶ γινόμεθα S.E.M.7.129 (cf. infr. x).    b creative reason, ἀδύνατον ἦν λόγον μὴ οὐκ ἐπὶ πάντα ἐλθεῖν Plot.3.2.14; ἀρχὴ οὖν λ. καὶ πάντα λ. καὶ τὰ γινόμενα κατ' αὐτόν Id.3.2.15; οἱ λ. πάντες ψυχαί Id.3.2.18.    V continuous statement, narrative (whether fact or fiction), oration, etc. (cf. λέγω (B) 11.2),    1 fable, Hdt.1.141; Αἰσώπου λόγοι Pl.Phd.60d, cf. Arist.Rh.1393b8; ὁ τοῦ κυνὸς λ. X.Mem. 2.7.13.    2 legend, ἱρὸς λ. Hdt.2.62, cf. 47, Pi.P.3.80 (pl.); συνθέντες λ. E.Ba.297; λ. θεῖος Pl.Phd.85d; ἱεροὶ λ., of Orphic rhapsodies, Suid. S.V. Ὀρφεύς.    3 tale, story, ἄλλον ἔπειμι λ. Xenoph. 7.1, cf. Th.1.97, etc.; συνθέτους λ. A.Pr.686; σπουδὴν λόγου urgent tidings, E.Ba.663; ἄλλος λ. 'another story', Pl.Ap.34e; ὁμολογούμενος ὁ λ. ἐστίν the story is consistent, Isoc.3.27: pl., histories, ἐν τοῖσι Ἀσσυρίοισι λ. Hdt.1.184, cf. 106, 2.99; so in sg., a historical work, Id.2.123, 6.19,7.152: also in sg., one section of such a work (like later βίβλος), Id.2.38,6.39, cf. VI.3d; so in pl., ἐν τοῖσι Λιβυκοῖσι λ. Id.2.161, cf. 1.75,5.22,7.93,213; ἐν τῷ πρώτῳ τῶν λ. Id.5.36; ὁ πρῶτος λ., of St. Luke's gospel, Act.Ap.1.1: in Pl., opp. μῦθος, as history to legend, Ti.26e; ποιεῖν μύθους ἀλλ' οὐ λόγους Phd.61b, cf. Grg.523a (but μῦθον λέγειν, opp. λόγῳ (argument) διεξελθεῖν Prt. 320c, cf. 324d); περὶ λόγων καὶ μύθων Arist.Pol.1336a30; ὁ λ . . . μῦθός ἐστι Ael.NA4.34.    4 speech, delivered in court, assembly, etc., χρήσομαι τῇ τοῦ λ. τάξει ταύτῃ Aeschin.3.57, cf. Arist.Rh.1358a38; δικανικοὶ λ. Id.EN1181a4; τρία γένη τῶν λ. τῶν ῥητορικῶν, συμβουλευτικόν, δικανικόν, ἐπιδεικτικόν Id.Rh.1358b7; τῷ γράψαντι τὸν λ. Thphr. Char.17.8, cf. λογογράφος 11; ἐπιτάφιος λ. funeral oration, Pl.Mx.236b; esp. of the body of a speech, opp. ἐπίλογος, Arist.Rh.1420b3; opp. προοίμιον, ib.1415a12; body of a law, opp. proem, Pl.Lg.723b; spoken, opp. written word, τὸν τοῦ εἰδότος λ. ζῶντα καὶ ἔμψυχον οὗ ὁ γεγραμμένος εἴδωλόν τι Id.Phdr.276a; ὁ ἐκ τοῦ βιβλίου ῥηθεὶς [λ.] speech read from a roll, ib.243c; published speech, D.C.40.54; rarely of the speeches in Tragedy (ῥήσεις), Arist.Po.1450b6,9.    VI verbal expression or utterance (cf. λέγω (B) 111), rarely a single word, v. infr. b, never in Gramm. signf. of vocable (ἔπος, λέξις, ὄνομα, ῥῆμα), usu. of a phrase, cf. IX. 3 (the only sense found in Ep.).    a pl., without Art., talk, τὸν ἔτερπε λόγοις Il.15.393; αἱμύλιοι λ. Od.1.56, h.Merc. 317, Hes.Th.890, Op.78,789, Thgn.704, A.R.3.1141; ψευδεῖς Λ., personified, Hes.Th.229; ἀφροδίσιοι λ. Semon.7.91; ἀγανοῖσι λ. Pi.P. 4.101; ὄψον δὲ λ. φθονεροῖσιν tales, Id.N.8.21; σμικροὶ λ. brief words, S.Aj.1268 (s.v.l.), El.415; δόκησις ἀγνὼς λόγων bred of talk, Id.OT 681 (lyr.): also in sg., λέγ' εἴ σοι τῷ λ. τις ἡδονή speak if thou delightest in talking, Id.El.891.    b sg., expression, phrase, πρὶν εἰπεῖν ἐσθλὸν ἢ κακὸν λ. Id.Ant.1245, cf. E.Hipp.514; μυρίας ὡς εἰπεῖν λόγῳ Hdt.2.37; μακρὸς λ. rigmarole, Simon.189, Arist.Metaph.1091a8; λ. ἠρέμα λεχθεὶς διέθηκε τὸ πόρρω a whispered message, Plot.4.9.3; ἑνὶ λόγῳ to sum up, in brief phrase, Pl.Phdr.241e, Phd.65d; concisely, Arist. EN1103b21 (but also, = ἁπλῶς, περὶ πάντων ἑνὶ λ. Id.GC325a1): pl., λ. θελκτήριοι magic words, E.Hipp.478; rarely of single words, λ. εὐσύνθετος οἷον τὸ χρονοτριβεῖν Arist.Rh.1406a36; οὐκ ἀπεκρίθη αὐτῇ λ. answered her not a word, Ev.Matt.15.23.    c coupled or contrasted with words expressed or understood signifying act, fact, truth, etc., mostly in a depreciatory sense, λ. ἔργου σκιή Democr. 145; ὥσπερ μικρὸν παῖδα λόγοις μ' ἀπατᾷς Thgn.254; λόγῳ, opp. ἔργῳ, Democr.82, etc.; νηπίοισι οὐ λ. ἀλλὰ ξυμφορὴ διδάσκαλος Id.76; ἔργῳ κοὐ λόγῳ τεκμαίρομαι A.Pr.338, cf. S.El.59, OC782; λόγῳ μὲν λέγουσι . . ἔργῳ δὲ οὐκ ἀποδεικνῦσι Hdt.4.8; οὐ λόγων, φασίν, ἡ ἀγορὴ δεῖται, χαλκῶν δέ Herod.7.49; οὔτε λ. οὔτε ἔργῳ Lys.9.14; λόγοις, opp. ψήφῳ, Aeschin.2.33; opp. νόῳ, Hdt.2.100; οὐ λόγῳ μαθών E.Heracl.5; ἐκ λόγων, κούφου πράγματος Pl.Lg.935a; λόγοισι εἰς τὸ πιθανὸν περιπεπεμμένα ib.886e, cf. Luc.Anach.19; ἵνα μὴ λ. οἴησθε εἶναι, ἀλλ' εἰδῆτε τὴν ἀλήθειαν Lycurg.23, cf. D.30.34; opp. πρᾶγμα, Arist.Top.146a4; opp. βία, Id.EN1179b29, cf. 1180a5; opp. ὄντα, Pl.Phd.100a; opp. γνῶσις, 2 Ep.Cor.11.6; λόγῳ in pretence, Hdt.1.205, Pl.R.361b,376d, Ti.27a, al.; λόγου ἕνεκα merely as a matter of words, ἄλλως ἕνεκα λ. ἐλέγετο Id.Cri.46d; λόγου χάριν, opp. ὡς ἀληθῶς, Arist.Pol.1280b8; but also, let us say, for instance, Id.EN1144a33, Plb.10.46.4, Phld. Sign.29, M.Ant.4.32; λόγου ἕνεκα let us suppose, Pl.Tht.191c; ἕως λόγου, μέχρι λ., = Lat. verbo tenus, Plb.10.24.7, Epict.Ench.16: sts. without depreciatory force, the antithesis or parallelism being verbal (cf. 'word and deed'), λόγῳ τε καὶ σθένει S.OC68; ἔν τε ἔργῳ καὶ λ. Pl.R.382e, cf. D.S.13.101, Ev.Luc.24.19, Act.Ap.7.22, Paus.2.16.2; ὅσα μὲν λόγῳ εἶπον, opp. τὰ ἔργα τῶν πραχθέντων, Th. 1.22.    2 common talk, report, tradition, ὡς λ. ἐν θνητοῖσιν ἔην Batr. 8; λ. ἐκ πατέρων Alc.71; οὐκ ἔστ' ἔτυμος λ. οὗτος Stesich.32; διξὸς λέγεται λ. Hdt.3.32; λ. ὑπ' Αἰγυπτίων λεγόμενος Id.2.47; νέον [λ.] tidings, S.Ant.1289 (lyr.); τὰ μὲν αὐτοὶ ὡρῶμεν, τὰ δὲ λόγοισι ἐπυνθανόμεθα by hearsay, Hdt.2.148: also in pl., ἐν γράμμασιν λόγοι κείμενοι traditions, Pl.Lg.886b.    b rumour, ἐπὶ παντὶ λ. ἐπτοῆσθαι Heraclit. 87; αὐδάεις λ. voice of rumour, B.14.44; περὶ θεῶν διῆλθεν ὁ λ. ὅτι . . Th.6.46; λ. παρεῖχεν ὡς . . Plb.3.89.3; ἐξῆλθεν ὁ λ. οὗτος εῖς τινας ὅτι . . Ev.Jo.21.23, cf. Act.Ap.11.22; fiction, Ev.Matt.28.15.    c mention, notice, description, οὐκ ὕει λόγου ἄξιον οὐδέν worth mentioning, Hdt.4.28, cf. Plb.1.24.8, etc.; ἔργα λόγου μέζω beyond expression, Hdt.2.35; κρεῖσσον λόγου τὸ εἶδος τῆς νόσου beyond description, Th. 2.50; μείζω ἔργα ἢ ὡς τῷ λ. τις ἂν εἴποι D.6.11.    d the talk one occasions, repute, mostly in good sense, good report, praise, honour (cf. supr. 1.4), πολλὰ φέρειν εἴωθε λ. . . πταίσματα Thgn.1221; λ. ἐσλὸν ἀκοῦσαι Pi.I.5(4).13; πλέονα . . λ. Ὀδυσσέος ἢ πάθαν Id.N.7.21; ἵνα λ. σε ἔχῃ πρὸς ἀνθρώπων ἀγαθός Hdt.7.5, cf. 9.78; Τροίαν . . ἧς ἁπανταχοῦ λ. whose fame, story fills the world, E.IT517; οὐκ ἂν ἦν λ. σέθεν Id.Med.541: less freq. in bad sense, evil report, λ. κακόθρους, κακός, S. Aj.138 (anap.), E.Heracl.165: pl., λόγους ψιθύρους πλάσσων slanders, S.Aj.148 (anap.).    e λ. ἐστί, ἔχει, κατέχει, the story goes, c. acc. et inf., ἔστι τις λ. τὰν Ἀρετὰν ναίειν Simon.58.1, cf. S.El.417; λ. μὲν ἔστ' ἀρχαῖος ὡς . . Id.Tr.1; λ. alone, E.Heracl.35; ὡς λ. A.Supp.230, Pl. Phlb.65c, etc.; λ. ἐστί Hdt.7.129,9.26, al.; λ. αἰὲν ἔχει S.OC1573 (lyr.); ὅσον ὁ λ. κατέχει tradition prevails, Th.1.10: also with a personal subject in the reverse construction. Κλεισθένης λ. ἔχει τὴν Πυθίην ἀναπεῖσαι has the credit of . . , Hdt.5.66, cf. Pl.Epin.987b, 988b; λ. ἔχοντα σοφίας Ep.Col.2.23, v.supr.1.4.    3 discussion, debate, deliberation, πολλὸς ἦν ἐν τοῖσι λ. Hdt.8.59; συνελέχθησαν οἱ Μῆδοι ἐς τὠυτὸ καὶ ἐδίδοσαν σφίσι λόγον, λέγοντες περὶ τῶν κατηκόντων Id.1.97; οἱ Πελασγοὶ ἑωυτοῖσι λόγους ἐδίδοσαν Id.6.138; πολέμῳ μᾶλλον ἢ λόγοις τὰ ἐγκλήματα διαλύεσθαι Th.1.140; οἱ περὶ τῆς εἰρήνης λ. Aeschin.2.74; τοῖς ἔξωθεν λ. πεπλήρωκε τὸν λ. [Plato] has filled his dialogue with extraneous discussions, Arist.Pol.1264b39; τὸ μῆκος τῶν λ. D.Chr.7.131; μεταβαίνων ὁ λ. εἰς ταὐτὸν ἀφῖκται our debate, Arist.EN1097a24; ὁ παρὼν λ. ib.1104a11; θεῶν ὧν νῦν ὁ λ. ἐστί discussion, Pl.Ap.26b, cf. Tht. 184a, M.Ant.8.32; τῷ λ. διελθεῖν, διϊέναι, Pl.Prt.329c, Grg.506a, etc.; τὸν λ. διεξελθεῖν conduct the debate, Id.Lg.893a; ξυνελθεῖν ἐς λόγον confer, Ar.Eq.1300: freq. in pl., ἐς λόγους συνελθόντες parley, Hdt. 1.82; ἐς λ. ἐλθεῖν τινι have speech with, ib.86; ἐς λ. ἀπικέσθαι τινί Id.2.32; διὰ λόγων ἰέναι E.Tr.916; ἐμαυτῇ διὰ λ. ἀφικόμην Id.Med.872; ἐς λ. ἄγειν τινά X.HG4.1.2; κοινωνεῖν λόγων καὶ διανοίας Arist.EN 1170b12.    b right of discussion or speech, ἢ 'πὶ τῷ πλήθει λ.; S.OC 66; λ. αἰτήσασθαι ask leave to speak, Th.3.53; λ. διδόναι X.HG5.2.20; οὐ προυτέθη σφίσιν λ. κατὰ τὸν νόμον ib.1.7.5; λόγου τυχεῖν D.18.13, cf. Arist.EN1095b21, Plb.18.52.1; οἱ λόγου τοὺς δούλους ἀποστεροῦντες Arist.Pol.1260b5; δοῦλος πέφυκας, οὐ μέτεστί σοι λόγου Trag.Adesp.304; διδόντας λ. καὶ δεχομένους ἐν τῷ μέρει Luc.Pisc.8: hence, time allowed for a speech, ἐν τῷ ἐμῷ λ. And.1.26,al.; ἐν τῷ ἑαυτοῦ λ. Pl.Ap.34a; οὐκ ἐλάττω λ. ἀνήλωκε D.18.9.    c dialogue, as a form of philosophical debate, ἵνα μὴ μαχώμεθα ἐν τοῖς λ. ἐγώ τε καὶ σύ Pl. Cra.430d; πρὸς ἀλλήλους τοὺς λ. ποιεῖσθαι Id.Prt.348a: hence, dialogue as a form of literature, οἱ Σωκρατικοὶ λ. Arist.Po.1447b11, Rh. 1417a20; cf. διάλογος.    d section, division of a dialogue or treatise (cf. v. 3), ὁ πρῶτος λ. Pl.Prm.127d; ὁ πρόσθεν, ὁ παρελθὼν λ., Id.Phlb.18e, 19b; ἐν τοῖς πρώτοις λ. Arist.PA682a3; ἐν τοῖς περὶ κινήσεως λ. in the discussion of motion (i. e. Ph.bk.8), Id.GC318a4; ἐν τῷ περὶ ἐπαίνου λ. Phld.Rh.1.219; branch, department, division of a system of philosophy, τὴν φρόνησιν ἐκ τριῶν συνεστηκέναι λ., τῶν φυσικῶν καὶ τῶν ἠθικῶν καὶ τῶν λογικῶν Chrysipp.Stoic.2.258.    e in pl., literature, letters, Pl.Ax.365b, Epin.975d, D.H.Comp.1,21 (but, also in pl., treatises, Plu.2.16c); οἱ ἐπὶ λόγοις εὐδοκιμώτατοι Hdn.6.1.4; Λόγοι, personified, AP9.171 (Pall.).    VII a particular utterance, saying:    1 divine utterance, oracle, Pi.P.4.59; λ. μαντικοί Pl. Phdr.275b; οὐ γὰρ ἐμὸν ἐρῶ τὸν λ. Pl.Ap.20e; ὁ λ. τοῦ θεοῦ Apoc.1.2,9.    2 proverb, maxim, saying, Pi.N.9.6, A.Th.218; ὧδ' ἔχει λ. ib.225; τόνδ' ἐκαίνισεν λ. ὡς . . Critias 21, cf. Pl.R.330a, Ev.Jo.4.37; ὁ παλαιὸς λ. Pl.Phdr.240c, cf. Smp.195b, Grg.499c, Lg.757a, 1 Ep.Ti.1.15, Plu.2.1082e, Luc.Alex.9, etc.; τὸ τοῦ λόγου δὴ τοῦτο Herod.2.45, cf. D.Chr.66.24, Luc.JTr.3, Alciphr.3.56, etc.: pl., Arist.EN1147a21.    3 assertion, opp. oath, S.OC651; ψιλῷ λ. bare word, opp. μαρτυρία, D.27.54.    4 express resolution, κοινῷ λ. by common consent, Hdt.1.141,al.; ἐπὶ λ. τοιῷδε, ἐπ' ᾧ τε . . on the following terms, Id.7.158, cf. 9.26; ἐνδέξασθαι τὸν λ. Id.1.60, cf. 9.5; λ. ἔχοντες πλεονέκτην a greedy proposal, Id.7.158: freq. in pl., terms, conditions, Id.9.33, etc.    5 word of command, behest, A.Pr.17,40 (both pl.), Pers.363; ἀνθρώπους πιθανωτέρους ποιεῖν λόγῳ X.Oec.13.9; ἐξέβαλε τὰ πνεύματα λόγῳ Ev.Matt.8.16; οἱ δέκα λ. the ten Commandments, LXX Ex.34.28, Ph.1.496.    VIII thing spoken of, subject-matter (cf. 111.1 b and 2), λ. τοῦτον ἐάσομεν Thgn.1055; προπεπυσμένος πάντα λ. the whole matter, Hdt.1.21, cf. 111; τὸν ἐόντα λ. the truth of the matter, ib.95,116; μετασχεῖν τοῦ λ. to be in the secret, ib.127; μηδενὶ ἄλλῳ τὸν λ. τοῦτον εῐπῃς Id.8.65; τίς ἦν λ.; S.OT684 ( = πρᾶγμα, 699); περί τινος λ. διελεγόμεθα subject, question, Pl.Prt.314c; [τὸ προοίμιον] δεῖγμα τοῦ λ. case, Arist.Rh.1415a12, cf. 111.1b; τέλος δὲ παντὸς τοῦ λ. ψηφίζονται the end of the matter was that . . , Aeschin.3.124; οὐκ ἔστεξε τὸν λ. Plb.8.12.5; οὐκ ἔστι σοι μερὶς οὐδὲ κλῆρος ἐν τῷ λ. τούτῳ Act.Ap.8.21; ἱκανὸς αὐτῷ ὁ λ. Pl.Grg.512c; οὐχ ὑπολείπει [Γοργίαν] ὁ λ. matter for talk, Arist.Rh.1418a35; μηδένα λ. ὑπολιπεῖν Isoc.4.146; πρὸς λόγον to the point, apposite, οὐδὲν πρὸς λ. Pl.Phlb.42e, cf. Prt.344a; ἐὰν πρὸς λ. τι ᾖ Id.Phlb.33c; also πρὸς λόγου Id.Grg.459c (s. v.l.).    2 plot of a narrative or dramatic poem, = μῦθος, Arist.Po.1455b17, al.    b in Art, subject of a painting, ζωγραφίας λόγοι Philostr.VA 6.10; λ. τῆς γραφῆς Id.Im.1.25.    3 thing talked of, event, μετὰ τοὺς λ. τούτους LXX 1 Ma.7.33, cf. Act.Ap.15.6.    IX expression, utterance, speech regarded formally, τὸ ἀπὸ [ψυχῆς] ῥεῦμα διὰ τοῦ στόματος ἰὸν μετὰ φθόγγου λ., opp. διάνοια, Pl.Sph.263e; intelligent utterance, opp. φωνή, Arist.Pol.1253a14; λ. ἐστὶ φωνὴ σημαντικὴ κατὰ συνθήκην Id.Int.16b26, cf. Diog.Bab.Stoic.3.213; ὅθεν (from the heart) ὁ λ. ἀναπέμπεται Stoic.2.228, cf. 244; Protagoras was nicknamed λόγος, Hsch. ap. Sch.Pl.R.600c, Suid.; λόγου πειθοῖ Democr.181: in pl., eloquence, Isoc.3.3,9.11; τὴν ἐν λόγοις εὐρυθμίαν Epicur.Sent.Pal.5p.69 v. d. M.; λ. ἀκριβής precise language, Ar.Nu.130 (pl.), cf. Arist.Rh. 1418b1; τοῦ μὴ ᾀδομένου λ. Pl.R.398d; ἡδυσμένος λ., of rhythmical language set to music, Arist.Po.1449b25; ἐν παντὶ λ. in all manner of utterance, 1 Ep.Cor.1.5; ἐν λόγοις in orations, Arist.Po.1459a13; λ. γελοῖοι, ἀσχήμονες, ludicrous, improper speech, Id.SE182b15, Pol. 1336b14.    2 of various modes of expression, esp. artistic and literary, ἔν τε ᾠδαῖς καὶ μύθοις καὶ λόγοις Pl.Lg.664a; ἐν λόγῳ καὶ ἐν ᾠδαῖς X.Cyr.1.4.25, cf. Pl.Lg.835b; prose, opp. ποίησις, Id.R.390a; opp. ψιλομετρία, Arist.Po.1448a11; opp. ἔμμετρα, ib.1450b15 (pl.); τῷ λ. τοῦτο τῶν μέτρων (sc. τὸ ἰαμβεῖον) ὁμοιότατον εἶναι Id.Rh.1404a31; in full, ψιλοὶ λ. prose, ib.b33 (but ψιλοὶ λ., = arguments without diagrams, Pl.Tht.165a); λ. πεζοί, opp. ποιητική, D.H.Comp.6; opp. ποιήματα, ib.15; κοινὰ καὶ ποιημάτων καὶ λόγων Phld.Po.5.7; πεζὸς λ. ib.27, al.    b of the constituents of lyric or dramatic poetry, words, τὸ μέλος ἐκ τριῶν . . λόγου τε καὶ ἁρμονίας καὶ ῥυθμοῦ Pl.R.398d; opp. πρᾶξις, Arist.Po.1454a18; dramatic dialogue, opp. τὰ τοῦ χοροῦ, ib.1449a17.    3 Gramm., phrase, complex term, opp. ὄνομα, Id.SE 165a13; λ. ὀνοματώδης noun-phrase, Id.APo.93b30, cf. Rh.1407b27; expression, D.H.Th.2, Demetr.Eloc.92.    b sentence, complete statement, "ἄνθρωπος μανθάνει λόγον εἶναί φῃς . . ἐλάχιστόν τε καὶ πρῶτον Pl.Sph.262c; λ. αὐτοτελής A.D.Synt.3.6, D.T.634.1; ῥηθῆναι λόγῳ to be expressed in a sentence, Pl.Tht.202b; λ. ἔχειν to be capable of being so expressed, ib.201e, cf. Arist.Rh.1404b26.    c language, τὰ τοῦ λ. μέρη parts of speech, Chrysipp.Stoic.2.31, S.E.M.9.350, etc.; τὰ μόρια τοῦ λ. D.H.Comp.6; μέρος λ. D.T.633.26, A.D.Pron.4.6, al. (but ἓν μέρος <τοῦ cod.> λόγου one word, Id.Synt.340.10, cf. 334.22); περὶ τῶν στοιχείων τοῦ λ., title of work by Chrysippus.    X the Word or Wisdom of God, personified as his agent in creation and world-government, ὁ παντοδύναμός σου λ. LXX Wi.18.15; ὁ ἐκ νοὸς φωτεινὸς λ. υἱὸς θεοῦ Corp.Herm.1.6, cf. Plu.2.376c; λ. θεοῦ δι' οὗ κατεσκευάσθη [ὁ κόσμος] Ph.1.162; τῆς τοῦ θεοῦ σοφίας· ἡ δέ ἐστιν ὁ θεοῦ λ. ib.56; λ. θεῖος . . εἰκὼν θεοῦ ib.561, cf. 501; τὸν τομέα τῶν συμπάντων [θεοῦ] λ. ib.492; τὸν ἄγγελον ὅς ἐστι λ. ib.122: in NT identified with the person of Christ, ἐν ἀρχῇ ἦν ὁ λ. Ev.Jo.1.1, cf. 14, 1 Ep.Jo.2.7, Apoc.19.13; ὁ λ. τῆς ζωῆς 1 Ep.Jo.1.1.

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Henry George Liddell; Robert Scott [1940], A Greek-English Lexicon; Machine readable text (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [greatscott44].
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