NA [1976], The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites (Trustees of Tufts University, Princeton, N.J.) [word count] [princeton11].
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KABYLE (or Cabyle) Bulgaria.

On the right bank of the river Tonzos (modern Tundza) near the city of Yambol, a settlement of the Bronze Age (2d millennium B.C.). The Thracian city was conquered by the Macedonians in 342-341 (Dem. 8.44; 10.15). It was an economic and trade center of the state of the Thracian king Seuthes III (323-311 B.C.) (Theopomp. fr. 246; Harp. s.v.; Strab. 7.320; Steph. Byz. 346.1). It was conquered by Rome in 72 B.C. (Eutr. 6.10), and it became a city in the Roman province of Thracia. The territory of the city included the middle reaches of the river Tonzos. In A.D. 378 a battle was fought between the Romans and the West Goths nearby (Amm. Marc. 31.15.5). It was a rest stop on the road to Adrianopolis (Edirne) and Anchialus (Pomorie). In the 4th c. it was the seat of a bishop but disappeared in the 6th c.

In the 3d c. B.C. the city minted its own coins. There was an agora, a temple of Artemis-Hekate-Phosphorion and a temple of Apollo (IG Bulg. III/2, n. 1731). In A.D. 145 immigrants from Perinthos erected votive inscriptions to Herakles Agoraios. Excavations have uncovered a large basilica of late antique date and parts of the defense wall. The finds from Kabyle are in the Regional Museum of Yambol.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

E. Oberhummer, RE 10 (1919) col. 1455ff; D. P. Dimitrov, Latomus 28 (1957) = Hommages à W. Deonna 185-89; Head, Hist. Num. 278; T. Gerasimov, “The Alexandrine tetradrachmes of Kabyle in Thrace,” Centennial Volume of the American Numism. Soc. (1958) 273; id., “Sur la numismatique de la ville de Cabyle (bulg.),” Bull. Inst. arch. bulg. 32 (1972) 113-19.

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NA [1976], The Princeton encyclopedia of classical sites (Trustees of Tufts University, Princeton, N.J.) [word count] [princeton11].
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