Charlton T. Lewis; Charles Short [1879], A Latin Dictionary; Founded on Andrews' edition of Freund's Latin dictionary (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [latindico03].
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citocĭto, āvi, ātum (

I part. perf. gen. plur. citatūm, Att. ap. Non. p. 485; inf. pass. citarier, Cat. 61, 42), 1, v. freq. a. cieo.

I To put into quick motion, to move or drive violently or rapidly, to hurl, shake, rouse, excite, provoke, incite, stimulate, promote, etc. (mostly post-Aug. and poet.; in earlier authors usu. only in P. a.): citat hastam, Sil. 4, 583: arma, Stat. Th. 8, 124: gradum, Claud. VI. Cons. Hon. 510: urinam, Cels. 2, 19: pus, id. 5, 28, n. 13: umorem illuc, id. 4, 6: alvum, Col. 7, 9, 9: ubi luctandi juvenes animosa citavit gloria, Stat. Th. 6, 834. —   2    Of plants, to put or shoot forth: virgam, Col. 3, 6, 2; 4, 15, 2: radices, id. 5, 5, 5; id. Arb. 10, 3; Pall. Feb. 9, 6.—

   B Trop.: isque motus (animi) aut boni aut mali opinione citetur, be called forth, Cic. Tusc. 3, 11, 24 Orell. N. cr. (cf.: motus cieri, id. ib. 1, 10, 20).—

II (Like cieo, 2.) With reference to the termination ad quem, to urge to, call or summon to (class.; esp. freq. in lang. of business; syn.: voco, adesse jubeo): patres in curiam per praeconem ad regem Tarquinium citari jussit, Liv. 1, 47, 8; id. 3, 38, 6 and 12: senatum, id. 9, 30, 2: in fora citatis senatoribus, id. 27, 24, 2: tribus ad sacramentum, Suet. Ner. 44; cf. Cat. 61, 43: judices citati in hunc reum consedistis, Cic. Verr. 2, 1, 7, § 19: citari nominatim unum ex iis, etc., i. e. for enrollment for milit. service, Liv. 2, 29, 2; id. Epit. libr. 14; Val. Max. 6, 3, 4.—

   B Esp.    1    In law, to call the parties, to see whether they are present (syn.: in jus vocare, evocare): citat reum: non respondet. Citat accusatorem... citatus accusator non respondit, non affuit, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 40, § 98; 2, 2, 38, § 92; id. Div. in Caecil. 13, 41; so of those accused, id. Verr. 2, 2, 38, § 92; id. Mil. 19, 50; Suet. Tib. 11; 61.—And of the roll of a gang of slaves: mancipia ergastuli cottidie per nomina, Col. 11, 1, 22 al.—Hence, to accuse: cum equester ordo reus a consulibus citaretur, Cic. Sest. 15, 35; Vitr. 7 praef.; and facetiously, Plaut. Curc. 1, 3, 6.—With gen. of the charge or penalty: omnes ii... abs te capitis C. Rabirii nomine citantur, Cic. Rab. Perd. 11, 31; cf.: ne proditi mysterii reus a philosophis citaretur, Lact. 3, 16, 5.—Of witnesses: in hanc rem testem totam Siciliam citabo, Cic. Verr. 2, 2, 59, § 146; Suet. Caes. 74; Quint. 6, 4, 7.—

   b Beyond the sphere of judicial proceedings: testem, auctorem, to call one to witness, to call upon, appeal to, quote, cite: quamvis citetur Salamis clarissimae testis victoriae, Cic. Off. 1, 22, 75: quos ego testes citaturus fui rerum a me gestarum, Liv. 38, 47, 4: poëtas ad testimonium, Petr. 2, 5: libri, quos Macer Licinius citat identidem auctores, Liv. 4, 20, 8.—To call for votes or opinions in the senate, haec illi, quo quisque ordine citabantur, Plin. Ep. 9, 13, 18.—Of an appeal to a god for aid, etc., Ov. F. 5, 683; Cat. 61, 42.—   2    (Like cieo, II. C.) In gen., to mention any person or thing by name, to name, mention, call out, proclaim, announce (rare but class.; syn. laudo): omnes Danai reliquique Graeci, qui hoc anapaesto citantur, Cic. Fin. 2, 6, 18: victorem Olympiae citari; cf. Nep. praef. § 5; Liv. 29, 37, 9; Stat. Th. 6, 922: paeanem, to rehearse, recite, Cic. de Or. 1, 59, 251: io Bacche, to call, Hor. S. 1, 3, 7 (cf.: triumphum ciere, Liv. 45, 38, 12, infra cieo, II. C. 2.); Col. 11, 1, 22.—Hence, cĭtātus, a, um, part., driven, urged on, hastened, hurried; and P a., quick, rapid, speedy, swift (opp. tardus; class.).

   A Prop., freq.: citato equo, at full gallop, Caes. B. C. 3, 96; Liv. 1, 27, 7; 3, 46, 6; so, equis, id. 1, 5, 8; cf. Verg. A. 12, 373 al.: jumentis, Suet. Ner. 5: pede, Cat. 63, 2: tripudiis, id. 63, 26: citato gradu, Liv. 28, 14, 17: passibus, Sen. Hippol. 9: axe, Juv. 1, 60: citatum agmen, Liv. 35, 30, 1: citatiore agmine ad stativa sua pervenit, id. 27, 50, 1; so, citatissimo agmine, id. 22, 6, 10 al.: amnis citatior, id. 23, 19, 11: flumen, Sen. Herc. Fur. 178: nautae, Prop. 1, 8, 23: rates, Sen. Hippol. 1048; Luc. 8, 456: currus, Sil. 8, 663: Euro citatior, Sil. 4, 6: alvus citatior, Plin. 7, 15, 13, § 63.—Also instead of an adv. (cf. citus, B.): Rhenus per fines Trevirorum citatus fertur, Caes. B. G. 4, 10: ferunt citati signa, Liv. 41, 3, 8: penna citatior ibat, Sil. 10, 11.—

   B Trop., quick, rapid, vehement, impetuous: argumenta acria et citata, Quint. 9, 4, 135; and transf. to persons: in argumentis citati atque ipso etiam motu celeres sumus, id. 9, 4, 138: Roscius citatior, Aesopus gravior fuit, id. 11, 3, 111; 11,

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3, 17: pronuntiatio (opp. pressa), id. 11, 3, 111: citatior manus (opp. lenior), id. 11, 3, 102: soni tum placidi tum citati, Gell. 1, 11, 15.—Adv.: cĭtātē, quickly, speedily, nimbly, rapidly (perh. only in the two foll. examples): piscatores citatius moventur, Quint. 11, 3, 112: ut versus quam citatissime volvant, id. 1, 1, 37.
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Charlton T. Lewis; Charles Short [1879], A Latin Dictionary; Founded on Andrews' edition of Freund's Latin dictionary (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [latindico03].
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