Charlton T. Lewis; Charles Short [1879], A Latin Dictionary; Founded on Andrews' edition of Freund's Latin dictionary (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [latindico02].
Previous Entry

Next Entry

bracchiumbracchĭum (less correctly brāchĭ-um;

I gen. bracchi, Lucr. 6, 434), ii, n. perh. kindr. with Gr. βραχίων; but cf. Sanscr. bāhu; like frango, Sanscr. bhang, Bopp, Gloss. p. 239 a, the arm; particularly,

I Lit., the forearm, from the hand to the elbow (while lacertus is the upper arm, from the elbow to the shoulder), Lucr. 4, 830; 6, 397: bracchia et lacerti, Ov. M. 1, 501; 1, 550 sq.: subjecta lacertis bracchia, id. ib. 14, 305; Curt. 8, 9, 21; 9, 1, 29: (feminae) nudae bracchia et lacertos, Tac. G. 17 (opp. umerus); Cels. 8, 1, § 79 sqq.; 8, 10, § 55 sqq.—Far oftener,

II Transf.

   A In gen., the arm, the whole arm, from the shoulder to the fingers, Pac. ap. Non. p. 87, 26, and Varr. L. L. 5, 7, p. 4 Müll.; id. ap. Gell. 16, 16, 4: quod eum bracchium fregisse diceret, Cic. de Or. 2, 62, 253; cf. Cels. 1, 10, 3: multi ut diu jactato bracchio praeoptarent scutum manu emittere et nudo corpore pugnare, Caes. B. G. 1, 25: bracchium (sc. dextrum) cohibere togā, Cic. Cael. 5, 11 (cf. Sen. Contr. 5, 6: bracchium extra togam exserere): eodem ictu bracchia ferro exsolvunt (i.e. venas incidunt, as, soon after, crurum et poplitum venas abrumpit), Tac. A. 15, 63; 1, 41.—Of embraces: collo dare bracchia circum, to throw the arms round the neck, Verg. A. 6, 700; cf.: circumdare collo, Ov. M. 9, 459: implicare collo, id. ib. 1, 762: inicere collo, id. ib. 3, 389: cervici dare, Hor. C. 3, 9, 2: lentis adhaerens bracchiis, id. Epod. 15, 6: Hephaestionis bracchium hastā ictum est, Curt. 4, 16, 31: ut in jaculando bracchia reducimus, Quint. 10, 3, 6: sinisteriore bracchio, Suet. Dom. 17: bracchia ad superas extulit auras, Verg. A. 5, 427: alternaque jactat Bracchia protendens (Dares), id. ib. 5, 377: juventus horrida bracchiis, Hor. C. 3, 4, 50.—Of a rower: si bracchia forte remisit, Verg. G. 1, 202: matri bracchia tendere, Ov. M. 3, 723: patrio tendens bracchia caelo, id. ib. 9, 210: tendens ad caelum bracchia, id. ib. 9, 293: precando Bracchia sustulerat, id. ib. 6, 262.—Prov.: dirigere bracchia contra Torrentem, to swim against the current, Juv. 4, 89.—   2    Of the movement of the arms in speaking: bracchii projectione in contentionibus, contractione in remissis, Cic. Or. 18, 59; so Quint. 11, 3, 84: extento bracchio paululum de gestu addidit, Cic. de Or. 2, 59, 242: demissa bracchia, Quint. 2, 13, 9: a latere modice remota, id. 11, 3, 159: ut bracchio exserto introspiciatur latus, id. 11, 3, 118: aliqui transversum bracchium proferunt et cubito pronunciant, id. 11, 3, 93: bracchium in latus jactant, id. 4, 2, 39: si contendemus per continuationem, bracchio celeri, mobili vultu utemur, Auct. Her. 3, 15, 27.—   3    Of the motion of the arms in dancing: bracchia in numerum jactare, Lucr. 4, 769; imitated by Ov.: numerosa bracchia jactat (ducit, Jahn), Ov. Am. 2,4,29, and id. R. Am. 754; Lucr. 4, 790; imitated in Ov. A. A. 1, 595; Prop. 2 (3), 22, 6; imitated in Stat. S. 3, 5, 66; cf. of the labors of the Cyclopes: illi inter sese magnā vi bracchia tollunt In numerum, Verg. G. 4, 174.—   4    Trop.: levi or molli bracchio agere aliquid, to do any thing superficially, negligently, remissly (prob. peculiar to the lang. of conversation), Cic. Att. 4, 16, 6; so, molli bracchio aliquem objurgare, id. ib. 2, 1, 6.—Prov.: praebuerim sceleri bracchia nostra tuo, lend a hand, Ov. H. 7, 126.—

   B The limbs of animals analogous to the arms of men; of the claws of crawfish, etc., Ov. M. 4, 625; 10, 127; 15, 369; Plin. 9, 31, 51, § 97: hence also of the sign Cancer, Ov. M. 2, 83; also of Scorpio, Verg. G. 1, 34; Ov. M. 2, 82; 2, 195.—Of the claws of the nautilus, Plin. 9, 29, 47, § 88, and other sea-fish, id. 11, 48, 108, § 258.—Of the lion: in feminum et bracchiorum ossibus, Plin. 11, 37, 86, § 214.—   2    Comicé for armus or femur (as inversely armus = bracchium): Ar. Edepol vel elephanto in Indiā Quo pacto pugno perfregisti bracchium. Py. Quid? bracchium? Ar. Illud dicere volui femur, the shoulder, the shoulder-blade of the elephant, Plaut. Mil. 1, 1, 26 sq. Brix ad loc.—

   C Objects resembling arms.    1    The branches of trees (cf. Ov. M. 1, 550: in ramos bracchia crescunt; v. also manus and coma): vitem sub bracchia ungito, Cato, R. R. 95 fin.; of the vine, Verg. G. 2, 368; Col. 4, 24, 2; 7, 8 sq.; 5, 5, 9 sq.; Pall. Febr. 9, 6; id. Mai, 2, 1: quatiens bracchia Quercus, Cat. 64, 105: differt quod in bracchia ramorum spargitur, Plin. 13, 9, 18, § 62: (aesculus) Tum fortes late ramos et bracchia tendens, etc., Verg. G. 2, 296; Ov. M. 14, 630; Val. Fl. 8, 114.—   2    An arm of the sea: nec bracchia longo Margine terrarum porrexerat Amphitrite, Ov. M. 1, 13; Curt. 6, 4, 16.—   3    The collateral branches or ridges of a mountain: Taurus ubi bracchia emittit, Plin. 5, 27, 27, § 98.—   4    Poet., = antenna, the sail-yards: jubet intendi bracchia velis, Verg. A. 5, 829; cf. Stat. S. 5, 1, 244.—   5    In milit. lang., a (natural or artificial) outwork or line for connecting two points in fortifications, etc.; Gr. σκέλη: aliā parte consul muro Ardeae bracchium injunxerat, a line of communication, Liv. 4, 9, 14; 38, 5, 8; 22, 52, 1 Drak.; 44, 35, 13; Hirt. B. Alex. 30; id. B. Afr. 38; 49; 51; 56; id. B. Hisp. 5; 6; 13; Curt. 6, 4, 16; Luc. 3, 387; 4, 266.—So of the side-works, moles, dikes, in the fortification of a harbor, Liv. 31, 26, 8; cf. Just. 5, 8, 5 Gron.; Plin. Ep. 6, 31, 15; Suet. Claud. 20.—   6    The arm of a catapult or ballista, Vitr. 1, 1; 10, 15 sq.
Previous Entry

Next Entry


Charlton T. Lewis; Charles Short [1879], A Latin Dictionary; Founded on Andrews' edition of Freund's Latin dictionary (Trustees of Tufts University, Oxford) [word count] [latindico02].
Powered by PhiloLogic