Allen and Greenough [n.d.], New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges [info] [word count] [AllenGreenough].
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442

The Optative Subjunctive is often preceded by the particle utinam; so regularly in the imperfect and pluperfect:—
falsus utinam vātēs sim (Liv. 21.10.10) , I wish I may be a false prophet. utinam Clōdius vīveret (Mil. 103) , would that Clodius were now alive. utinam mē mortuum vīdissēs (Q. Fr. 1.3.1) , would you had seen me dead. utinam nē vērē scrīberem (Fam. 5.17.3) , would that I were not writing the truth. 650

a

In poetry and old Latin utī or ut often introduces the optative subjunctive; and in poetry or ō sī with the subjunctive sometimes expresses a wish:—
ut pereat positum rōbīgine tēlum (Hor. S. 2.1.43) , may the weapon unused perish with rust. ō sī angulus ille accēdat (id. 2.6.8), O if that corner might only be added! nunc sē nōbīs ille aureus rāmus ostendat (Aen. 6.187) , if now that golden branch would only show itself to us! 651 cross cross 652 cross

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b

Velim and vellem, and their compounds, with a subjunctive or infinitive, are often equivalent to an optative subjunctive:—
velim tibi persuādeās (Fam. 9.13.2) , I should like to have you believe (I should wish that you would persuade yourself). dē Menedēmō vellem vērum fuisset, dē rēgīnā velim vērum sit (Att. 15.4.4) , about Menedemus I wish it had been true; about the queen I wish it may be. nōllem accidisset tempus (Fam. 3.10.2) , I wish the time never had come. māllem Cerberum metuerēs (Tusc. 1.12) , I had rather have had you afraid of Cerberus (I should have preferred that you feared Cerberus). 653 cross cross

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Allen and Greenough [n.d.], New Latin Grammar for Schools and Colleges [info] [word count] [AllenGreenough].
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